The Canadian Contribution In The Second South Africa’ War, to Powell’s Constabulary.

While some state, the South African Constabulary, S.A.C., was recognised by the UK Army Act, other accounts defer, typical. Canada’s 1st and 2nd contingents were temporarily authorized by the Canadian Militia Act, all modeled after the PAM aka PF, Artillery included. Lord Strathcona’s Horse’, 2nd through 6th Regiments of Canadian Mounted Rifles were authorised by the UK Army Act. Powell’s SA Permanent Local Police, were raised for after war service, insuring security and policing authorised areas, guarding train stations, lines, supplies transported throughout Britannia’, presumed annexed land. Owing too the Boer’ asymmetric warfare, hit and run, ambush tactics, derailing trains, which they resorted too, prolonged the war after losing major battles and Pretoria. While British Big Wigs & High Brass, jubilant over their new conquest, presuming the war was over, Powell’s constables were caught up, as the Boer’ retaliated in “UCGW,” the constable squads suffered KOD, DOW.; they died from other causes not just DOD, during 1901- May 31st, 1902. The S.A.C. were under civilian authority, instead of signing up for six or 12 months like other Canadian soldiers, doctors and nurses, members were given 3 year’ civilian contracts. Powell’s Constables, consisting of 8,000, 8,500 other accounts, 10,000 men; the Canadian contribution consisted of 1200 men, according to, at the time, Captain. E. J. Chambers, while others state, 1238 sailed from Canada. Lt.-Col. Sam Steele, commanding the Strathcona’s Horse’, his contract terminated joined S.A.C., staying years in South Africa, returning to Canada in 1906, while LAC, collections Canada state: “He went to South Africa, left the military (after the war) and was appointed Commanding Officer of the SAC, a position he held until 1908.” I have, archived government documentation, that paints a deferent picture concerning, Steele’s account, which has resonated for over 100 years. According too CWM and DHH, Ph.Ds’: (the first 1238 men) “Nearly three-quarters of the Canadian officers, and 100 of the men, had previous service in South Africa. Some members of later Canadian contingents also joined the force rather than return to Canada at the war’s end”: (See muster roll of officers provided in my study paper). A portion of men who served in Canadian contingents were discharge in South Africa, mainly enlisted with British units, while a small number joined SAC, only the records ending of 1901 sessional paper account, only 2 officers and 28 NCOs’ and men. Furthermore, after the war more Canadians joined the “police squads,” some stayed, while others once their contracts expired, return back to Canada; those suffering form wounds, disease were invalided, even dieing “At sea,” while sailing back. As an incentive, members were offered money, land, many married and settled in South Africa; supposedly according too accounts, 57 Canadian members of S.A.C., died during the war, however in the South African War / Nile Expedition Book of Remembrance, 267 names are provided, excluding 16 dead from 1884-85. Canadian members of Powell’s constables, a large portion that died during and after the war, are registered in the book, not counting the conundrum on how many died, depending on account, during the South African War. The authorised military contingent’s, reinforcements raised by the government, and Canadians as a whole, who participated during the war, should be kept separate in the number count, especially if they died after the war. The Authorised military Canadian contingents & reinforcements, for first, second, third, contingent, included Lord Strathcona’s Horse’ that died is, 144 all ranks and 2 MIA. This excludes possible casualties from the 92 men, discharged to enlist in Howard’s Scouts, and 188 Canadians that joined other British units once discharged, according to “Sessional Paper No.35a, 1901, p.93,” statistic sheet, breakdown summarised count ending 1901. In SA Report Part II, 3rd contingent, 2nd CMR 6 more names was added to the number count. For Canadian members of SAC, in the 1903 sessional paper 35a 1903, 51 died during the war: the complete nominal list of Canadian constables that died during the war is provided, ending SACs’ account.

SVP, the above is still under construction, rummaging through Sir Frederick Borden’s account, and other documents which paints a deferent picture, SAC a hybrid half Military, half Police was authorised by the UK Army Act, Etc? Considering all Canadian contingents, authorised, raised and sailed, were issued Militia Orders, MOs’,” Canadian SAC members were raised, etc., etc., by GO., “General Order.”

1902, SP No. 63. Return to an older of the House of Commons, dated 27th February, 1902, showing: 1. Whether the government or any member thereof, by letter or otherwise, gave any public or private assurance that in the selection of officers for the Canadian South African constabulary, which left for South Africa, last year, preference would be given to those Canadian officers who have served in South Africa and to other officers of the Canadian militia. 2. What persons, officers or others, applied for commissions in said constabulary. What is the military record of each, either in Canada, South Africa or else where 3. (a). What officers were selected and appointed; (h). What is the military record of each. 4. Who of those selected as officers had never before been officers. 5. Whether there were enough applications from officers of the Canadian militia to officer the constabulary, and the reason for the being passed over, and men without qualification, if there were any such, selected. 6. How n any commissioned officers of the Canadian militia were enlisted in the first and second contingents, in the Royal Canadian Regiment, the Canadian Mounted Infantry, the Royal Canadian Dragoons, and the Canadian Artillery, as (a.) non-commissioned officers and (6.) as men. 7. How many non-commissioned officers and men of the permanent corps were enlisted in the corps named in question. How many of these were non-commissioned officers in South Africa, (c.) Why were the commissioned officers enlisted in the corps as privates, not given the non-commissions. Presented 11th March, 1902.—Mr. Monk Not printed.

DEPARTMENT OF MILITIA AND DEFENCE
1-2 EDWARD VII., A. 1902, SESSIONAL PAPER No. 35, p.38-39.

SOUTH AFRICAN CONTINGENTS.

Her late Majesty’s Government having signified their acceptance of 1,000 men from Canada to serve in the South African Constabulary, the same was notified for general information in Militia Order No. 12 of the 15th January, 1901. Candidates for enlistment were required to be not under 20 nor over 35 years of age, good riders, goods shots, single, strictly sober, medically fit and recommended by two persons in responsible positions. The term of engagement was for 3 years a if the rates of pay offered were very liberal, ranging from $1.21 for a 3rd class trooper up to $3.65 per diem for a superintending Warrant Officer.

On the 23rd January, in Militia Order No. 19, it was notified that 10 commissions as Captains and 15 Commissions as Lieutenants would be granted on the recommendation of His Excellency the Governor General, and on the 8th February, in Militia Order No. 32, recruiting was authorized and orders issued that all men recruited at or to the west of Ottawa would mobilize there on Friday the 8th March, and all men enlisted at or east of Montreal would mobilize at Halifax, N.S. on Tuesday the 12th March.

By the prescribed dates the force was assembled at its mobilization stations and it is not too much to say that double the required number could with ease have been enrolled. The clothing and equipment of this corps was provided by the Imperial Government on its arrival in South Africa where the final attestation of the men was executed, but sufficient to meet their necessities on the voyage was supplied here most promptly through the Chief Superintendent of Stores. The Ottawa detachment left for Halifax, N.S., on the 26th of March, where the whole Corps embarked in the ss. Montfort and sailed for South Africa on the 28th March, 1901.

This contingent was a very fine body of young men, of good physique and very keen for active service. Their conduct while at Ottawa was generally very good and they will unquestionably render efficient service in the field. It is regretted that being an Imperial force no official record of its operations have been received by me and consequently I am not in a position to report upon the distribution of the force after its arrival in South Africa, nor can I give any details of the good work that I feel confident it has accomplished.

The following is a list of the Commissions granted on the recommendation of His Excellency the Governor General:—

Captains :
Captain H. E. Burstall, K.C.A.
Major C. C. Bennett, 6th Rifles.
Captain F. W. L. Moore, 4th Regt. C.A.
W. T. Lawless, The G.G.F.G.
T. O. Critchley, 3rd Bn. K.C.K.
A. H. Powell, P.L.D.G.
Inspector W. H. Scarth, N.W.M.P.
Sergt. Major E. Reading, R.C.D.
Captain H. B. Pousette, 26th Regt.
Lieutenant G. S. Beer, E.M.E.
Lieut. A. E. Swift, 8th Royal Rifles.
W. L. McGivern, late E.C.E.

Lieutenants :
Lieut. J. C. Oland, 63rd Regt.
Lieut. A. B. Irvine, 90th Regt.
C. P. Ermatinger, C.M.E.
D. A. O’Meara, 8th Regt.
J. French, N.W.M.P.
W. D. McCarthy, late 2nd (S.S.) Bn. R.C.R.
Vety. Capt. W. J. Morgan, 5th Field Battery.
Capt. J. F. Foulkes, 5th Regt. C.A.
H. A. C. Machin, late 2nd (S.S.) Bn. R.C.R.
G. Hampson, 5th R.S.
R. B. Eaton, (Truro, N.S.)
Cadet K. C. Folger, late R.M.C.
R. R. Thompson, late 2nd (S.S.) Bn. R.C.R.
F. W. Burritt, late R.C.D.
Cadet C. R. C. Willetts, R.M.C.
F. T. St. George.
J. R. I. Atwater, late 2nd (S.S.) Bn. R.C.R.
Lieut. G. R. Lightbound, 3rd Regt.

A bunch of Montrealers personnel of C Company South African Constabulary.

A bunch of Montrealers personnel of C Company South African Constabulary.

2-3 EDWARD VII. SESSIONAL PAPER No. 35a A. 1903, p.7-20.
(SECOND REPORT) PART I.

Department of Militia and Defence,
Ottawa, November 2, 1902.

To the Honourable
Sir Frederick Borden, K.C.M.G.,
Minister of Militia and Defence.

Sir,—I have the honour to submit a further supplementary report on the contingents organized in Canada for service in the late war in South Africa. The supplementary report issued in 1900 dealt, up to the date of its publication, with the organization, equipment, despatch and service in the field of Canadian contingents, save that of the South African constabulary. Recruiting in Canada for the last named force had been completed and the contingent had embarked for South Africa before the report of 1900 was sent to the printer, but as the constabulary is a permanent force for the purpose of maintaining order and public security in the Orange River colony and the Transvaal, to act as mounted police in time of peace and as a military force in time of war, it was considered that there was no necessity to refer to it in that report. As, however, owing to the continuation of the war to a period much beyond v/hat was then expected, the constabulary has acted as a military force for more than a year, advantage will be taken of the publication of this report to place on record particulars respecting the enrolment of the 1,200 men in Canada, the casualties sustained during the continuance of the war, and such other information as may be available.

SOUTH AFRICAN CONSTABULARY.
On November 30th, 1900, the General Officer Commanding the Militia reported the receipt of numerous applications from men desirous of joining the South African Constabulary and inquired whether the Imperial Government would accept recruits for that force and provide transportation to South Africa. A communication was accordingly addressed to the Military Secretary to His Excellency the Governor General, with a view to His Excellency being moved to ascertain what were the wishes of the Imperial Government. His Excellency forwarded a despatch on December 4, and on December 20, the Right Honourable the Secretary of State for the Colonies replied that Her Majesty’s Government learned with satisfaction that recruits were coming forward in Canada for the South African Constabulary, and would have much pleasure in accepting up to 1,000, if so many were available, and that in the event of that number being enrolled, 10 captaincies and 15 lieutenancies in the force would be given to Canadian officers on His Excellency’s recommendation.

There were actually enrolled 1,208 men, which entitled His Excellency to nominate 12 captains and 18 lieutenants. (= 1238)

SESSIONAL PAPER No. 35a, p.12-20.
SOUTH AFRICAN CONSTABULARY.

A copy of the despatch from the Right Honourable the Secretary of State for the Colonies of December 20, 1900, authorizing the recruiting in Canada of 1,000 men for the South African Constabulary was referred to the General Officer Commanding for consideration and the necessary action on December 22.

The despatch provided that the men should not be actually enlisted until arrival in
South Africa. This Major-General O’Grady Haly, C.B., D.S.O., who at the time commanded the militia, took exception to, as difficulties of a disciplinary nature might- arise en route to South Africa, and in a memorandum dated December 24, he represented that it would be most desirable that all candidates should be medically examined, passed and enlisted before departure from Canada. Information on several other points was also requested.

On January 8 an answer was received that Her Majesty’s government had no objection to the attesting being done in Canada if the government of the Dominion saw no legal objection.

On January 9 details by mail, dated December 22, with copies of a statement issued in England in connection with the recruiting there, and copies of forms of application and other forms used, were received from the Colonial Office.

On the following day another letter was received from the Colonial Office, enclosing copies of a despatch from the High Commissioner for South Africa, covering the circular issued in South Africa by the Inspector General of the Constabulary, containing conditions of service in the force.

On January 15 a Militia Order containing information and instructions for all desirous of enlisting, was issued. Part I of that order, being practically the conditions under which the men enlisted, is re produced in full. It was as follows:

Her Majesty’s Government having signified their pleasure to accept 1,000 men from Canada to serve in the South African Constabulary, the following information and instructions are published for the guidance of all desirous of enlisting:—

PURPOSE FOR WHICH ORGANIZED.
1. The South African Constabulary is a permanent mounted force for the purpose of maintaining order and public security in the Orange River Colony and the Transvaal.

It is to act as District Mounted Police in time of peace and as a military force in time of war, and to be available for service in any part of British South Africa.

QUALIFICATIONS.
2. Candidates for enlistment must be not under 20 nor over 35; good riders; o-ood shots ; single ; strictly sober ; medically fit and recommended by at least two persons in responsible positions, as being in every respect suitable for service in this force.

PERIOD OP ENGAGEMENT.
3. The term of engagement will be for three years from date of attestation in South Africa, with the possibility of re engagement on increased pay.

PROMOTION AND PAY.
4. Promotion will be by merit, and commissions will be obtainable from the ranks.

‘Promotion, as well as pay, will be largely according to a man’s efficiency and behaviour, troopers being divided into three classes and non commissioned officers into four classes for this purpose. Promotion from one class to another, among troopers, depends on their qualifying in constabulary duties, musketry, signalling, language and other tests, and on their continuing efficient in these subjects. Men of all grades will enter at the lowest pay of their grade. Men selected in Canada must join as third class troopers. Promotion in the non-commissioned officers’ ranks will generally only be granted to those who qualify in colloquial Dutch.’

PAY AND ALLOWANCES.
5. Superintendent Warrant Officer … s.15 ($3.65) per diem
Sergeant (Staff Sergeant); s.10 ($2.43)
Sergeant; s.9 ($2.19)
Second class Sergeant; s. 8 ($1.94)
Corporal; s.7 & d.6 ($1.82)
First class Trooper s.7 ($1.70)
Second class Trooper s.6 ($1.46)
Third class Trooper 5 ($1.21)

Pay as above will commence from date of attestation in South Africa. In addition to the above rates, an allowance will be granted to compensate for extra high market prices, to all non-commissioned officers and men while stationed north of the Vaal River within a radius of 50 miles from Johannesburg. The amount of such allowance will be subject to revision every six months. It is provisionally fixed at 23. ($0.48) per diem.

Travelling allowances will be granted when travelling on duty outside the district in which a man is stationed—5s. ($1.21) daily.

MARRIAGE.
6. Men desirous of marrying while in the South African Constabulary, must first obtain the sanction of the officer commanding the division to their doing so. They will then be entitled to an allowance to cover lodging and other expenses, such as rations fuel, light, etc., at the consolidated rate of 3s. ($0.73) a day.

RE-ENGAGEMENT.
7. On completion of the first three years’ service a man may, if approved by the officer commanding his division, re-engage for a further term of two years, at 3d.,(6 cents) a day extra. On completion of this five years he may re-engage for further service by the year, if the officer commanding his division approves, at 6d. (12 cents) a day for every additional year, until the total increase of pay for re engagement shall have reached 2s. (48 cents) per diem.’

FREE ISSUES.
8. Rations, horse, forage, clothing, equipment, arms, quarters, and medical attendance will be supplied free. In exceptional circumstances where rations cannot be supplied, a ration allowance will be made of 2s.(48 cents) per diem.

DISCHARGE.
9. A non-commissioned officer or man may be discharged at any time by order of the officer commanding division with or without gratuity. Discharge maybe purchased with consent of officer commanding the division for £20.($97.3.3) during first year, £15. ($73.00) during second year, and £10, ($48.60) during third year.

Canadian troops, Company

Canadian troops, Company “C” in South African Constabulary. The “Messenger Boy” No. 8 Armoured train, named by devons, showing maxime gun, search-light and gun crew, 30 Jan. 1902 Val, Transvaal.

RESERVE.
10. Any non-commissioned officer or trooper may, with the approval of his commanding officer, be transferred to the reserve, provided that there is a vacancy for him, at the end of his first engagement (three years), or if he re-engages, at the end of any period of re-engagement, up to the completion of five years from his first entry into the service.

Every man transferred to the reserve shall remain in it and have his permanent residence in the Orange River Colony or Transvaal, unless discharged, up to the end of seven years from the date of his first entry into the service. A man wishing to purchase his discharge from the reserve may do so on payment of £12. ($.58.40) at any period of his service in the reserve. He will receive, while in the reserve, pay at the rate of £1. (S4.86) per month. He will be liable to be called out, annually, for not more than ten consecutive days for training, and shall also be liable to be called out for active service at any time by the proclamation of the administrator,” governor, or any person exercising for the time being, supreme authority in the Transvaal or Orange River Colony, declaring the existence of a state of war, or of such serious menace to the peace as to render mobilization necessary. While on training or on active service he will receive full pay at the same rate which he was enjoying when transferred to the reserve.

SETTLERS IN SOUTH AFRICA.
11. In addition to their pay, reservists, if they desire to settle on the land, will receive special consideration in any government-aided scheme of settlement. Proposals are at present under consideration, whereby suitable settlers may be assisted to acquire land, and be aided at starting by government advances, the purchase price and capital advanced being repayable on easy terms. If any plan of this kind is found to be practical a certain number of farms, annually, will be offered in the first instance to members of the South African constabulary, who, having borne a good character, may be desirous of being transferred to the reserve, with a view to actually settling on the land as farmers.

Similar privileges will, if the opportunity offers, be extended to non commissioned officers and men who may quit the South African constabulary after five or more years continuo us service, bearing a good character.

Any man having served at least five years continuously in the South Africa constabulary (not including reserve service) with a good character, will be entitled, on retiring, to a gratuity of one month’s pay for every year of service.

REJOINING FROM RESERVE.
12. Men on the reserve may, with approval of the officer commanding his division, be taken on to full pay again at any time for a term of two years at 3d. (6 cents) a day extra pay.

FURLOUGH.
13. Leave of absence will, where possible, be granted to all ranks for one month in each year, cumulative, on full pay, special conditions ruling shooting leave, and leave out of South Africa. After four years without leave, six months on full pay will be granted.

PASSAGE BY TRANSPORT.
14. Candidates will be given a free passage in a transport to 8outh Africa. They will be liable to further medical examination, and to be tested in shooting and riding, on arrival at the place of attestation. Any candidate who might be found unsuitable would be given a free passage back to Canada, joined that he is not rejected for any misrepresentation, misconduct, or serious fault of his own. “After five years’ total service a free third class passage home will be granted to men recruited in Canada.” Candidates will be required to enter into an agreement binding them to proceed to South Africa when required, there to join the constabulary, or in default to repay the cost of their passage to South Africa.

COMMISSIONS.
On January 23, a Militia Order containing information respecting the 25 commissions to be allotted was issued. In included, among other information, the conditions of service pay, promotion, which were as follows:—

CONDITIONS OF SERVICE, PAY, PROMOTION, &C.
The appointment will be for not less than three years. Officers will not be confirmed in their appointment until they have served for three months to the satisfaction of the Inspector General.

PAY.
Colonel Commanding Division: £1,200 per annum.
Lieutenant Colonel: 1,000.
Major: (according to importance of post). £750 to 900.
Captain: 510 to 600.
Lieutenant: 23s. to 2ns. per diem.
2nd Lieutenant: 20s. per diem.

ALLOWANCES.
Office and contingent allowances included in above rates. Travelling allowances, 15s. a day when on duty out of district. Officers will find their own uniform, arms, and equipment. Medical attendance, rations, and forage will be provided by Government. Officers below the rank of Field Officer will be entitled to one Government horse free. Other officers may purchase Government horses by instalments.

MESS AND BAND.
Officers will subscribe to the “Mess and Band Funds” on the principles laid down in Army Regulations.

PROMOTION.
Promotion will be by selection. A knowledge of colloquial Dutch will count in an officer’s favour when he is being considered for promotion.

RECRUITING.
Captain P. Fall, Lord Strathcona’s Horse, who was to be appointed to the Constabulary, was sent from South Africa to pass the men. It was the intention that Lieutenant-Colonel S. B. Steele, M.V.O., C.B., who commanded Lord Strathcona’s Horse, and was also to receive an appointment in the Constabulary, should be in charge of all recruiting in Canada, and Captain Fall was to await Lieutenant-Colonel Steele’s arrival before proceeding with the work. As Lieutenant-Colonel Steele did not leave South Africa until January 20, authority was given by the Colonial Office, on January 29, to proceed with the recruiting pending his arrival. This permission was received most opportunely as applications were by this time pouring in from all parts of the Dominion and even from the United States. Instructions were issued on February 8, the recruiting to commence in British Columbia, the North-west Territories, and Manitoba on February 21; in Ontario, March 4, and in Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island, March 7 and 8. Candidates had already been informed, in the orders issued on January 15, that they were to make application for enlistment to the Adjutant General, Ottawa, using one of the printed forms provided for the purpose. In due time the applications were passed upon by Captain Fall, who arrived in Ottawa about February 1, the order of preference being, provided the candidate was eligible as regards age, standard, medical fitness, &c. as follows :—

1. Men who had already served in South Africa.
2. Men who had served in the mounted branches of the Permanent Corps or the North-west Mounted Police.
3. Men who had performed three consecutive years training in the Cavalry or Field Artillery of the Active Militia.
4. Men who had served in the Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry.
5. Men who had served in the Infantry and Garrison Artillery of the Active Militia.
6. Other applicants.

Following were the recruiting stations:—

In British Columbia: Victoria, Vancouver, Kamloops, Sicamous, Revelstoke,
Golden, Rossland, Nelson and Fort Steele.

In the North-west Territories: Edmonton, Calgary, Pincher Creek, MacLeod,
Lethbridge, Maple Creek, Regina, Moosomin and Prince-Albert.

Manitoba: Virden, Brandon, Portage la-Prairie, Winnipeg.
Ontario: London, Toronto, Kingston and Ottawa.
Quebec: Montreal, Quebec and St. John’s.
New Brunswick: Fredericton and St. John.
Nova Scotia: Halifax.
Prince-Edward Island: Charlottetown.

Each candidate was required to sign an agreement, to take the oath of allegiance and also an oath of office, as follows:—

AGREEMENT.
I, do hereby contract, promise and agree to serve His Majesty King Edward VII., His Heirs and Successors, in the South African Constabulary, established and constituted under and by virtue of the proclamation of Field Marshal Lord Roberts, Commander-in Chief of His Majesty’s Forces in South Africa, dated at Pretoria on the 22nd day of October, 1900, under the terms and conditions, and at the rates of pay and allowance mentioned and set out in the circular of the Inspector General of the said Constabulary dated at Pretoria, the 20 h day of October, 1900, for a term of three years or until sooner lawfully discharged there from, and I agree to place myself under and to be subject to the orders and direction of the officer or officers detailed to transport me from the place of enlistment to the enlistment depot of the corps in South Africa and do promise and undertake to obey the same. And I do further agree while en route from my place of enlistment or attestation to South Africa to submit myself to and to be bound by the disciplinary clauses contained in the said proclamation of Lord Roberts before mentioned. In the event of my being adjudged guilty of any misbehaviour at any period or portion of the journey from the place of my enlistment to the depot -in South Africa, I acknowledge that I render myself liable at the option of the Inspector General not to be accepted for the corps, and I agree that no right or claim for compensation or for any transport or other expenses shall accrue to me if rejected in consequence of such misbehaviour.

Witness:…………………………} Signature:……………………………..

Dated……………….the…………..day of…………………….. A.D. 190 .

OATH OF ALLEGIANCE.
I, ????????????? do sincerely promise and swear that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to His Majesty King Edward VII, His Heirs and Successors, as lawful Sovereign of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the Transvaal and Orange River Colony, dependent on and belonging to the said Kingdom, and that I will defend Him to the utmost of my power against all traitorous conspiracies or attempts whatever which shall be made against His Person, Crown and Dignity, and that I will do my utmost endeavour to disclose and make known to His Majesty, His Heirs and Successors all treasons and traitorous conspiracies and attempts which I shall know to be against Him or any of them, and all this I do swear without any equivocation, mental evasion or secret reservation. So help me God.

Sworn before me at this………… day of…………….A.D. 190 .

OATH OF OFFICE.
I, do solemnly swear that I will faithfully, diligently and impartially execute and perform the duties required of me as a member of the South African Constabulary and will well and truly obey and perform all lawful orders and instructions which I shall receive as such without fear, favour or affection of or towards any person or party whomsoever. So help me God.

Sworn before me at this………… day of………….A.D. 190 .

CONCENTRATION.
All men enlisted in Ottawa or at any point to the west thereof were concentrated at Ottawa. Men enlisted in or east of Montreal were concentrated at Halifax.

APPOINTMENTS TO COMMISSIONS.
The applications for Commissions in this force were submitted to His Excellency the Governor General, who personally selected the 30 successful applicants, at the request of the Imperial authorities. The names of the candidates selected were notified on March 18. They were as follows:—

To be Captains:
Capt. H. E. Burstall, R. C. A.
Major C. C. Bennett, 6th Rifles.
Capt. F. W. L. Moore, 4th Regt., C. A
Capt. W. T. Lawless, The G.G.F.G.
Capt. T. O. Critchley, 3rd Batt., R.C.R.
Capt. A. H. Powell, RL.D.G.
Inspector W. H. Scarth, N.W.M.P.
Edward Reading, Sergt-Major R.C.D.
Capt. H. R. Poussctte, 26th Rcgt
Lieut. G. S. Beer, Rocky Mountain Rangers.
W. L. McGiverin, late Pte. 2nd Batt., R.C.R.
*Captain A. E. Swift, 8th Royal Rifles.

To be Lieutenants:
Lieut. J. C. Oland, 63rd Regt.
Lieut. A. B. Irvine, 90th ”
C. P. Ermatinger, late Pte. C.M.R.
D. A. O’Meara, late Pte. 2nd Batt. R.C.R.
J. French, late Pte. C.M.R.
W. D. McCarthy, late Pte. 2nd Batt., R.C.R.
Veterinary Capt. W. J. Morgan, 5th Field Battery.
Capt. J. F. Foulkes, 5th Regt., C.A.
H A. C. Machin, late Sergt. 2nd Batt., R.C.R.
G. Hampson, 5th ” Royal Scots.”
R. B. Eaton, late Corp. C.M.R.
Cadet K. C. Folger, Cadet R.M.C.
R. R. Thompson, late Pte. 2nd Batt., R.C.R.
F. W. Burritt, late Pte. R.C.D.
Cadet C. R. E. Willetts, Cadet R.M.C.
F. T. St. George, D. of Y. R. C. Hussars.
J. R L Atwater, late Pte. 2nd Batt., R.C.R.
Lieut. G. R. Lightbound, 3rd Regt. Victoiia Rifles.

*Sergeant A. W. R. Wilby, Lord Strathcona’s Horse, was selected for a Captaincy, but being unable to join in time to proceed with the Contingent, Captain A. E. Swift, 8th Royal Rifles, was appointed in his place.

Canadian troops, Company C in South African Constabulary - covered trench, Nov. 1901.

Canadian troops, Company C in South African Constabulary – covered trench, Nov. 1901.

DEPARTURE FOR SOUTH AFRICA.
On March 26 the force concentrated at Ottawa, consisting of Captain Fall, 21 officers and 903 other ranks, entrained for Halifax. The whole force embarked at Halifax on March 28, on the transport Montfort for Capetown, where it arrived on April 25. Lieutenant Colonel Steele did not arrive in Canada until March 8, and by the time Lord Strathcona’s Horse had been paid off and disbanded, recruiting for the Constabulary was completed and the organization of the contingent well advanced. Lieutenant-Colonel Steele did not take over the command of the contingent, and it proceeded to South Africa under the command of Captain Fall, who was given the temporary rank of Major in the Militia.

GENERAL REMARKS.
The greatest care was taken in recruiting for this force. Candidates, in the first place, were required to make application in writing, using an authorized form. This form embodied a medical certificate. If the application showed that the man was not up to the standard, or medically unfit, or if it was not accompanied by testimonials from two responsible persons and complete in information in other respects, it was rejected. The candidates whose applications appeared to be satisfactory were notified to present themselves to the recruiting officer at the nearest station, and their applications were forwarded from Headquarters to the Recruiting Officers concerned.

There were forwarded, with the notification referred to in the preceding paragraph, a copy of Militia Order 32, containing orders governing the recruiting, also a copy of Field Marshal Lord Roberts’ Proclamation for the organization of the Constabulary, dated October 22, 1900, and a copy of the conditions of service published by Major-General Baden Powell, dated October 20, 1900. When the candidates presented themselves at the recruiting station they were, if there appeared to be the slightest doubt as to their bring medically fit, required to undergo another medical examination, and were also tested in riding and shooting. If not at least fair riders and fair shots, or if they seemed unfit in any particular, they were not accepted. In addition to being subjected to these tests the enlistment was not complete until Captain Fall had passed upon the men after concentration. A force composed of men enlisted after such care had been taken in their selection might be expected to be a good one, and the following telegram from the Hi’di Commissioner for South Africa shows that the Canadian Contingent was such an one:-

London, May 9, 1901.
His Majesty’s Government has received with much pleasure following message from High Commissioner for South Africa. Inspector General of South African Constabulary reports most favourably on Canadian recruits, average physique of men is splendid and they seem to be particularly well fitted for their duties. Regret that owing to my departure have not yet had time to see them myself.

Milner. (Sgd.) Chamberlain.

Very little has been reported to the Department of Militia and Defence respecting the contingent after its arrival in South Africa.

Canadian troops, Company

Canadian troops, Company “C” in South African Constabulary. Typical line of communication blockhouse. Held by Somerset’s. 6 Feb. 1902, Val, Transvaal.

LOCALIZATION.
When the organization of the force was complete it comprised twelve squadrons,
“A” to “M”, formed of men from localities as follows :—

“A” Squadron.—Victoria, Vancouver and Kamloops, in British Columbia.
“B” Squadron.—Kamloops, Revelstoke, Golden, Sicamous, Nelson and Cranbrook,
in British Columbia.
“C” Squadron.— Calgary, Moosomin, Medicine Hat, in the North-west Territories.
“D” Squadron.—Prince Albert, MacLeod, Pincher Creek and Regina, in the
North-west Territories.
“E” Squadron.—Virden, Brandon, Portage la Prairie and “Winnipeg, in Manitoba.
“F” Squadron,—Winnipeg and Portage la Prairie, in Manitoba.
“G” Squadron.—Winnipeg, Manitoba, and London and Ottawa, Ontario.
“H” Squadron.—Toronto, Ontario.
“I” Squadron.—London, Ottawa, Kingston and Toronto, Ontario.
“K” Squadron.—St. John, New Brunswick, and Halifax, Nova Scotia.
“L” Squadron.—St. John, in New Brunswick.
“M” Squadron.—Montreal and Quebec, in Quebec, Fredericton, New Brunswick,
Halifax, Nova Scotia, and Charlottetown, Prince EdwardIsland.

Distribution in South Africa.
The force was distributed or arrival in South Africa as follows:—

Sent to Bloemfontein.—509 non-commissioned officers and men, being “D,” “E,”
“G,” “I,” and “K” Squadrons, with the following officers : Captains Critchley, Powell,
Reading, Pousette ‘and Beer. Lieutenants Ermatinger, O’Meara, French, McCarthy,
Morgan, Foulkes, Machin, Eaton, Thomson and Burritt.

Sent to Heidelberg.—400 non-commissioned officers and men, being “C,” “H,”
“L” and “M,” Squadrons, with the following officers: Captains Moore and Mc-
Giverin. Lieutenants FoJger, Willetts, St. George, Atwater and Lightbound.

Sent to Krngersdorp.—300 non-commissioned officers and men, being “A,” “B” and “F,” Squadrons, with the following officers:—Captains Burstall, Bennett and Lawless; Lieutenants Oland, Irvine and Hampson.

Ambulance Wagon No. 1, with Canadian troops of C Company, South African Constabulary, 6 Mar. 1902, Val, Transvaal (vicinity).

Ambulance Wagon No. 1, with Canadian troops of C Company, South African Constabulary, 6 Mar. 1902, Val, Transvaal (vicinity).

ALL CANADIAN MEMBERS THAT DIED WHILE SERVING WITH THE SAC (Note: There are some on the new list that died during the war and are missing from the Book of Rememberance)

Following is a list of the casualties during the continuance of the war:—

Maj. Ogilvy, J. H. C, D.S.O., DOW at Klipgat, 19-12-1901
Capt. Boyd, A. J., DOF at Pretoria, 20-4-1902

Trooper. Adams, De H.H., DOF at Heidelberg, 1-2-1902.
Trpr. Anderson, F.M., DOF at Heidelberg, 14-2-1902.
Trpr. Armsden. A.V., DOF at Kimberley, 8-11-1901.
SERGEANT GEORGE FREDERICK ARMSTRONG, FEVER, HOOPSTAD, AUGUST 2, 1902
TROOPER FREDERICK HENRY ARNETT, SUICIDE, POTCHEFSTROM, AUGUST 12, 1904
Trpr. Arthur, W.H., DOF at Sydenham 23-1-1902.
TROOPER ARTHUR ASHDOWN, FEVER, PRETORIA, FEBRUARY 11, 1902
Trpr. Baker, E.C., DOF at Bloemfontein 14-3-1902.
SERGEANT JOHN LENNOX BARKER, SUICIDE, DEWETSDORP, APRIL 7, 1903
TROOPER ROBERT BARROW, HEART FAILURE,PETRUSBURG, JULY 14, 1901
TROOPER NEVILLE CHARLES BATHURST, FEVER, VET RIVER, APRIL 22, 1902
TROOPER CHARLES BEGG, KILLED IN ACTION, HOUTKOP, JULY 11, 1901
SERGEANT LORNE BOUCK, KILLED IN ACTION, NATAL, JUNE 1ST, 1906
TROOPER JOSEPH BELLAMY BROWN, CANCER, PRETORIA, JANUARY 12, 1903
TROOPER WILLIAM JAMES CALEB BROWN, DYSENTERY, BLOEMFONTEIN, MAY 21, 1901
Trpr. Burrell, A., DOF Nil, 15-5-1901. DE AAR
Trpr. Busby, T.C., DOW at Bloemdal 29-8-1901. ACCIDENTALLY WOUNDED
Trpr. Cameron, J. H., DODysentery at Sydenham, 14-5-1901. MAY 14, 1902
Sgt. Major. Chalmers, W., KOD at Houtkop, 11-7-1901.
TROOPER ISSAC COAKLEY, DIED OF DISEASE, RUSTENBURG, DECEMBER 1, 1902
TROOPER WARREN CRAIG, FEVER, JANUARY 24, 1902
Trpr. Davidson, M., KOD Nil (VET RIVER) …… 9-2-1902.
TROOPER OLIVER GEORGE DENNIS, DIED OF DISEASE, NYLSTROOMN NOVEMBER 4, 1904
Trpr. Devereaux, P. L., DOW at Buffelsdoorn, 31-5-1902.
TROOPER ROBERT JOHN DUNSMORE, FEVER, PRETORIA, DECEMBER 8, 1900
TROOPER CHARLES WILLIAM EAGLE, LION ATTACK, ELIM, OCTOBER 10, 1908
Trpr. Elliott, S. H., DOF at nr. , HEIDELBURG, NOVEMBER 17, 1902
TROOPER AUSTIN HOWARD GIBBON, FEVER, PRETORIA, NOVEMBER 13, 1903
TROOPER ARTHUR HENRY GOOD, FEVER, SYDENHAM, JANUARY 4, 1901
Trpr. Goodman, T., DOF at Potchefstroom, 18-3-1902.
Trpr. Hallett, C., DOW at Rietfontein, 31-5-1901.
Trpr. Hannon, W., DOF at Bloemfontein, 27-5-1901.
TROOPER CHARLES CARPENTER HEARN, FEVER, PRETORIA, FEBRUARY 13, 1902
Trpr. Hill, N., DOF at Krugersdorp, 3-8-1901.
Trpr. Hodgkinson, W. E., DOF at Heidelberg, 3-2-1902.
TROOPER WILLIAM ELLIOT HOLNBECK, ACCIDENTALLY KILLED, SMALDEEL, JULY 2, 1902
TROOPER ROBERT SAMUEL HOWARD, FEVER, ELANDSFONTEIN, MARCH 8, 1902
Trpr. James, A. L., KOD at Bessies Pan, 11-8-1901.
Trpr. Jameson, A.V., DOF at Kimberley, 10-11-1901.
Trpr. Jones, W.J., KOD at Witkyk, 17-2-1902.
Trpr. Kean, T.J., DOF at Elandsfontein, 24-6-1901.
SERGEANT GEORGE KIETH, DIED OF WOUNDS, DECEMBER 23, 1907
TROOPER CHARLES ASHFORD KEMP, DROWNED, LEEUWSPRUIT, NOVEMBER 24, 1902
TROOP SERGENT MAJOR RAYMOND HAPGOOD LITTLE, BRAIN THROMBOSIS, SNYDHAM, JUNE 2, 1905
Trpr. Lundy, G.R., DOF at Heidelberg, 15-2-1902.
Trpr. Mann, G.O., DOMeningitis (At Sea), 5-4-1901.
Trpr. Marion, J.A., DOBlood-Poisoning at Petrusburg, 15-8-1901.
Trpr. Mechiam, C.W., DOF at Vet River, 6-5-1902.
Trpr. Meiville, J.F., DODysentary at Vet River, 23-2-1902.
Trpr. Milne, H.G., DOF at Petrusburg, 21-9-1901.
Trpr. Mullins, E., DOF at Elandsfontein, 31-5-1901.
Trpr. McNaughton, H.G., DOD at Heidelberg, 26-12-1901.
TROOPER STIRLING KELLETT OAKES, FEVER, WINBURG, MARCH 22, 1902
TROOPER LEONARD KNIGHT PARK, DROWNED, CAROLINA, JANUARY 3, 1903
Trpr. Patterson, J. A., DOF at Pretoria, 8-4-1902.
Trpr. Patton (PATON), P. H., DOF at Pretoria, 2-5-1902.
Trpr. Patton, T. L., DOPneumonia, (At Sea), 7-4-1901.
TROOPER MONTRESSOR WALLFEN PAYMAN, FEVER, ELANDSFONTEIN, MAY 30, 1901
TROOPER ALFRED SEPTIMUS PLAYER, DIED OF WOUNDS, DRIEFONTEIN, MARCH 24, 1902
S.S.M. Purdon, E. L., DOTB (At Sea), 8-4-1901.
Trpr. Quinn, J.H., DOF at No. 17 Gen. Hospital, 30-7-1901.
Cpl. Racey, G.S., DOP at Capetown, 27-4-1901.
Segt. Rea, W. H., DODysetary at Bloemfontein, 19-12-1901.
Trpr. Reynolds, A., DOF at Potchefstroom, 14-5-1902.
TROOPER CECIL WILSON SANDERS, ACCIDENTAL, WELVENDIEND, FEBRUARY 6, 1905
Trpr. Serpell, G., R DOTB at Petrusburg, 21-7-1901.
Trpr. Sewter, W., DOW at Krugersdorp, 20-11-1901.
Cpl. Slean, H., DOW at Rooitkop, 31-12-1901.
Trpr. Smallhwood (SMALLWOOD), H., DODysetary at Baschar, 21-10-1901
Trpr. Sproule, H.J., KIA at Houtkop, 11-7-1901.
Trpr. Stevenson (STEPHENSON), J.G., DOF at Pretoria, 13-3-1902.
Trpr. Sterling, G.E., DO? at Potchefstroom, 29-4-1902
Trpr. Stoba, R.J., DOF at Heidelberg, 3-2-1902.
Trpr. Tabb, P.E.B., DOP at Capetown, 26-4-1901.
SERGEANT ERNEST THOMSON, DIED OF WOUNDS, WIERFONDSPOORT, SEPTEMBER 25, 1901
Trpr. Timleck, A., DOW at Krugersdorp, 9-12-1901.
Trpr. Tooke (TOOK), R.W., DOF at Thabanchu (THABA N’CHU), 10-12-1901.
Trpr. Trickey, T., DOF at Bloemfontein, 3-2-1902.
TROOPER WILLIAM EDWARD WALKER, KILLED IN ACTION, ROOIKOP, MAY 30, 1902
TROOPER JOHN QUARTLY WATSON, KILLED IN ACTION, WOLVESFONTEIN, SEPTEMBER 12, 1901
Trpr. Wilcocks, G. C DOP at (At Sea), 9-4-1901.
Trpr. Williston, H.B., DOF at Pretoria, 9-2-1902.
TROOPER EDWIN ARCHIBALD WOODS, KILLED IN ACTION, BUFFELSDOORN, MAY 30, 1902
TROOPER CHARLES EMERSON WYATT, TUBERCULOSIS, SYDENHAM, MARCH 19, 1903

Total of 51 Canadian constables died, ending 31-5-1902.

Word Abbreviation:
KOD = Killed on Duty.
DOW= Died of Wounds.
DOD= Died of Disease.
DOF= Died of Fever.
DOTB= Died of Tuberculoses.
DOP= Died of Pneumonia.

© Spañard 2014.

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2 thoughts on “The Canadian Contribution In The Second South Africa’ War, to Powell’s Constabulary.

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