Canada’s Infamous 13th Battalion (RHC) Black Watch, Awards In The First World War.

13th Battalion The Royal Highlanders of Canada.


The Black Watch 13th Batt. CEF. C Coy on de Bleury street armory front of Baron de Hersh building 1924. Hector Stanley's Album on Flickr.

The Black Watch 13th Batt. CEF. C Coy on de Bleury street armory front of Baron de Hersh building 1924. Source: Hector Stanley’s Album on Flickr.


Awards given to members of the 13th Battalion, Black Watch of Canada during the Great War.


The following summarizes the awards given to the 13th Battalion RHC CEF:
•Victoria Cross: 3
•Knight Commander of the Bath: 1
•Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George: 3
•Commander of the Order of the British Empire: 1
•Distinguished Service Order and Bar: 4
•Distinguished Service Order: 10
•Officer of the Order of the British Empire: 2
•Member of the Order of the British Empire: 1
•Military Cross and Bar: 4
•Military Cross: 35
•Distinguished Conduct Medal and Bar: 3
•Distinguished Conduct Medal: 41
•Meritorious Service Medal: 11
•Military Medal and Bar: 11
•Military Medal: 172
•Officer of the Legion of Honour (France): 1
•Croix de Guerre (France): 3
•Medaille Militaire (France): 1
•Commander of the Order of Leopold (Belgium): 1
•Croix de Guerre (Belgium): 4
•Silver Medal for Military Valour (Italy): 1
•Order of the Rising Sun (Japan): 1
•Medal of St. George, 1st Class (Russia): 1
•Medal of St. George, 2nd Class (Russia): 1
•Medal of St. George, 3rd Class (Russia): 1
•Medal of St. George, 4th Class (Russia): 2
•Mentioned in Despatches: 80
•Names Brought to Notice of Secretary of State for War: 26



Victoria Cross:

  1. the first Frederick Fisher, for his valour on 23 April 1915 at St. Julien during the Second Battle of Ypres.
  2. John Bernard Croak, on 8 August 1918 at Hangard Wood, near Amiens in Franceaward was posthumous.
  3. Herman James Good, on 8 August 1918 at Hangard Wood, near Amiens in Franceaward.


Knight Commander of the Bath:

Major-General Sir F. O. W. Loomis


Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George:

Major-General Sir F. O. W. Loomis
Brigadier-General G. E. McCuaig
Lieutenant-Colonel W. H. Clark-Kennedy


Commander of the Order of the British Empire:

Lieutenant-Colonel E. R. Brown


Distinguished Service Order and Bar:

Major General Sir F. O. W. Loomis
Brigadier-General G. E. McCuaig
Lieutenant-Colonel W. H. Clark-Kennedy
Lieutenant-Colonel K. M. Perry


Distinguished Service Order:

Lieutenant-Colonel V. C. Buchanan
Lieutenant-Colonel A. G. Cameron
Lieutenant-Colonel T. S. Morrise
Lieutenant-Colonel I. M. R. Sinclair
Major F. S. Mathewson
Major D. R. McCuaig
Major E. E. Graham
Captain H. A. Johnston
Captain H. M. Wallis
Lieutenant W. D. C. Christie


Officer of the Order of the British Empire:

Major J. Jeffery
Major W. J. Taylor


Member of the Order of the British Empire:

Captain G. W. R. Simpson


Military Cross and Bar:

Major W. E. Macfarlane
Lieutenant J. E. Christie
Lieutenant W. F. McGovern
Lieutenant M. F. Gregg


Military Cross:

Lieutenant-Colonel J. H. Lovett
Lieutenant-Colonel I. M. R. Sinclair
Major E. E. Graham
Major J. Jeffery
Major J. D. Macpherson
Captain E. Appleby
Captain J. B. Beddome
Captain G. W. Brown
Captain R. L. Calder
Captain H. H. Chanter
Captain H. A. Cochrane
Captain R. M. Hebden
Captain R. E. Heaslip
Captain H. A. Johnston
Captain C. D. Llwyd
Captain W. S. M. MacTier
Captain C. B. Pitblado
Captain A. J. Plant
Captain F. S. Stowell
Captain H. M. Wallis
Lieutenant A. W. Aitchison
Lieutenant K. G. Blackader
Lieutenant M. L. Brady
Lieutenant D. L. Carstairs
Lieutenant P. E. Corbett
Lieutenant L. C. Drummond
Lieutenant W. E. Dunning
Lieutenant J. R. Ferguson
Lieutenant W. E. Foxen
Lieutenant W. G. Hamilton
Lieutenant W. T. Hornby
Lieutenant O. B. Krenchel
Lieutenant J. Lothian
Lieutenant A. N. Sclater
R.S.M. F. Butler


Distinguished Conduct Medal and Bar:

Lieutenant W. M. Jones
R.S.M. F. Butler
Sergeant F. W. D. Sorby


Distinguished Conduct Medal:

Lieutenant R. C. Bigland
Lieutenant O. B. Krenchel
Lieutenant J. F. MacLean
R.S.M. T. Sim
C.S.M. F. Ableson
C.S.M. E. C. Brown
C.S.M. C. A. Bulloch
C.S.M. E. Evans
C.S.M. C. F. E. Hall
C.S.M. N. Osborne
C.S.M. G. Watson
Sergeant W. S. Blyth
Sergeant P. Bowman
Sergeant W. A. Cooper
Sergeant H. Davis
Sergeant C. Doolittle
Sergeant H. Fox
Sergeant F. T. Fraser
Sergeant W. Hannaford
Sergeant R. Hooton
Sergeant T. Imrie
Sergeant V. Jenkins
Sergeant V. T. Keough
Sergeant E. Latour
Sergeant A. McLeod
Sergeant W. C. Morrison
Sergeant E. J. Moore
Sergeant D. Simard
Sergeant L. Woodward
Lance-Sergeant J. G. Dickie
Lance-Sergeant A. Fernie
Lance-Seargeant P. Way
Corporal S. B. Edwards
Corporal A. McWade
Private J. Boutilier
Private J. B. Burnett
Private H. Danson
Private C. Hopton
Private J. Junor
Private T. McGuire
Private C. Raine


Meritorious Service Medal:

R.Q.M.S. C. Millward
C.Q.M.S. A. H. McGeagh
C.S.M. D. H. Strutt
Sergeant J. A. Ayling
Sergeant D. S. Fraser
Sergeant W. Ganson
Sergeant A. G. Ovenden
Sergeant G. E. Wright
Lance-Corporal J. C. Sanders
Private W. R. Burden
Private F. W. Pyke


Military Medal and Bar:

Lieutenant J. S. Buchanan
Sergeant W. Hannaford
Lieutenant W. Hamilton
Sergeant W. P. C. Kelly
Lieutenant F. L. Hayden
Sergeant M. H. Mills
Sergeant C. H. Camm
Corporal C. C. Smith
Sergeant J. A. Glazebrook
Private P. Costello
Private W. E. Trumper


Military Medal:

Captain E. Appleby
Lieutenant J. Bonner
Lieutenant T. G. Crossley
Lieutenant M. R. DeLaurier
Lieutenant W. T. Hornby
Lieutenant P. D. Hoskins
Lieutenant W. I. Ibbot
Lieutenant H. G. Lawton
Lieutenant D. Stevenson
C.S.M. H. Gardner
C.S.M. C. F. E. Hall
C.S.M. C. A. Legros
C.S.M. R. Sandford
Sergeant K. Armstrong
Sergeant L. F. P. Bell
Sergeant W. S. Blyth
Sergeant O. G. Burtt
Sergeant A. Cartwright
Sergeant J. Davey
Sergeant H. Davis
Sergeant J. O. Davis
Sergeant A. Dunlop
Sergeant G. Dunmore
Sergeant A. French
Sergeant T. Graham
Sergeant A. A. Harper
Sergeant D. J. Hingley
Sergeant J. A. Houston
Sergeant E. Hughes
Sergeant W. W. Ireland
Sergeant W. McDonald
Sergeant J. T. McGuire
Sergeant A. L. McKenzie
Sergeant J. F. McLean
Sergeant G. Millar
Sergeant T. C. Newnham
Sergeant W. A. Parsons
Sergeant A. Petrie
Sergeant F. G. Petrie
Sergeant A. J. Potter
Sergeant J. Robertson
Sergeant H. Robson
Sergeant J. Ross
Sergeant N. A. Shields
Sergeant D. Simard
Sergeant G. C. Stronge
Sergeant B. K. Sweeney
Sergeant A. D. Traill
Sergeant R. Wale
Sergeant F. J. Walker
Sergeant H. R. Wall
Sergeant W. Ward
Sergeant J. E. Westerman
Sergeant H. W. Williamson
Sergeant L. Woodward
Sergeant E. G. Wright
Lance-Sergeant R. Haxton
Lance-Sergeant W. Hogarth
Lance-Seargeant W. H. A. Preddy
Lance-Sergeant T. Saunders
Corporal R. O. Atkins
Corporal R. E. Breckon
Corporal F. G. Caldicott
Corporal G. T. Cowan
Corporal J. Given
Corporal C. A. Goodwillie
Corporal W. S. Hampson
Corporal M. W. Heckbert
Corporal W. H. Hill
Corporal F. A. Jowett
Corporal M. Lincoln
Corporal J. H. Mclntrye
Corporal J. N. Montgomerie
Corporal C. Morison
Corporal J. Nicholson
Corporal W. J. Paul
Corporal C. A. Randell
Corporal H. Reardon
Corporal D. W. Ross
Corporal C. T. Tranter
Corporal J. Tupper
Corporal R. N. Watts
Lance-Corporal R. Ball
Lance-Corporal C. R. Bampton
Lance-Corporal E. Colpitts
Lance-Corporal E. Cunningham
Lance-Corporal A. Florence
Lance-Corporal P. B. Gamble
Lance-Corporal D. Guyer
Lance-Corporal E. Gyde
Lance-Corporal W. LeBlanc
Lance-Corporal W. D. Love
Lance-Corporal D. McKerrow
Lance-Corporal C. Oakley
Lance-Corporal W. F. Somerville
Lance-Corporal J. R. Watts
Lance-Corporal Z. M. Wynn
Private J. W. L. Allen
Private A. Anderson
Private R. Anderson
Private J. H. Barbour
Private W. Beauparlant
Private F. Borden
Private F. Bridcott
Private F. Brogan
Private G. A. Brown
Private J. M. Buick
Private A. Clarendon
Private B. Collett
Private A. Cook
Private T. Cowhey
Private A. W. Crawford
Private J. Crawford
Private T. Crawford
Private T. J. Crowley
Private J. C. Davies
Private A. W. Davis
Private J. E. Dettmann
Private J. O. Eddie
Private E. Elston
Private L. Ferguson
Private A. Gibbon
Private G. Gill
Private J. Grant
Private H. C. Gray
Private A. Grossart
Private E. Hest
Private L. A. Higgs
Private C. Hornor
Private R. Jack
Private D. F. Jamie
Private R. B. Jamieson
Private J. Junor
Private E. Keefe
Private G. M. Kelly
Private M. E. Kettredge
Private D. A. Kyle
Private J. Land
Private F. W. Lee
Private C. Lewis
Private C. G. Lewis
Private H. Linton
Private M. MacDonald
Private J. MacKenzie
Private J. G. McArthur
Private A. J. McDonald
Private J. B. McKay
Private J. S. McLeod
Private G. B. McPherson
Private L. Miron
Private A. Muise
Private S. Nelles
Private S. Peacock
Private W. M. Peterkin
Private C. A. Pockock
Private J. Ryan
Private G. R. Sage
Private J. J. Seagram
Private H. Seivewright
Private J. Stafford
Private W. J. Stonard
Private C. Thompson
Private L. Thompson
Private J. Thornton
Private J. D. Tough
Private C. W. Wheaton
Private J. J. Williams
Private H. G. Wills
Private L. Wood
Private D. Woods
Private C. M. B. Wright
Private R. Young


Officer of the Legion of Honour (France)

Major-General Sir F. O. W. Loomis


Croix de Guerre (France)

Major-General Sir F. O. W. Loomis
Lieutenant-Colonel W. H. Clark-Kennedy
C.S.M. F. Ableson


Medaille Militaire (France)

Lieutenant W. C. Pearce


Commander of the Order of Leopold (Belgium)

Major-General Sir F. O. W. Loomis


Croix de Guerre (Belgium)

C.S.M. E. Evans
C.S.M. G. P. Morrison
Sergeant H. Copeman
Sergeant D. K. Miller


Silver Medal for Military Valour (Italy)

Sergeant S. Chandler


Order of the Rising Sun (Japan)

Lieutenant-Colonel T. S. Morrisey


Medal of St. George, 1st Class (Russia)

Corporal J. J. Campbell


Medal of St. George, 2nd Class (Russia)

Lieutenant J. Johnston


Medal of St. George, 3rd Class (Russia)

Sergeant A. McLeod


Medal of St. George, 4th Class (Russia)

Sergeant R. Key
Private F. J. Reid


Mentioned in Despatches

Officers: 56
Other Ranks: 24


Names Brought to Notice of Secretary of State for War

Officers: 2
Other Ranks: 24



Spañard 2014.




4 thoughts on “Canada’s Infamous 13th Battalion (RHC) Black Watch, Awards In The First World War.

    • spaniard13 Post authorOctober 25, 2014 at 4:33 pm
      I love to know, why U need to know, and that’s one thought? What’s the definition of the word in English? Having an extremely bad reputation; read Fritz memoirs, accounts, on The Kilties, as a whole, a notorious evil, fighting, and spirited reputation. The Germans dubbed them, the Ladies from Hell, that motto is not the exclusive right of the CDN Black Watch.



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  1. Apologies for rather delayed response. I fully understand the reputation Scottish highland regiments had with the Germans. I wondered why you particularly chose to describe the CDN Black Watch as infamous since “devils in skirts” was used as a generic description of kilted regiments. Were the CDN Black Watch particularly bad, mean, notorious?


  2. No need for Sorry, apologies or worries, allow me to elaborate on generic description of kilted regiments: All those Scottish nicknames for Kilted Regiments, UK and Canada hold no water, nor any contemporary German documentation, Archives, Journals, letters, etc., that support those facts, all folklore according to German historians etc. Evidence supports mostly British, Canadian regiment’s embellished accounts, not counting the American Propaganda Machine factor, labelling the Canadian visit by the pipe bands of the 48th Gordon Highlanders 1917.

    Discovered letter written by Piper James Richardson VC, in 1915 from the Western Front, claiming the kilted regiments were named by the Germans, ‘The Wives of the Devil.’ The letter written to his father reflects as common knowledge, an accepted nickname constantly used, however no mention by German troops, Historian/Authors etc.

    In 1914 the Belgian Carabinier Cyclists fought with such ferocity at the Battle of Haelen that the Germans, er, “dubbed” them “The Black Devils”. However Canada’s Crack Regiment 90th Winnipeg Rifles, pre 1915 nicknamed by the enemy in battle as, “The Little Black Devils,” as written in dispatch in “Canada’s NorthWest Rebellion,” and FWW recruitment posters etc.

    U also have “Devils in Skirts.”

    “Private 12788” by John Jackson (a soldier’s memoirs of the Great War) that mentions the…. “…devil’s ladies, as the Kaiser himself had named us”.

    The Laddies from Hell just like other nicknames during FWW, per-say WWI & WWII was invented by the New York Times in 1939.
    New York Times July 11-12th 1917. and 4 other newspapper clippings I have from American Newspaper: “ will be New York’s first glimpse of a really numerous body of Highlanders in uniform, who have earned from the Germans the nickname of “the ladies of hell”. “The Germans already know what they look like, and they call them ‘the ladies of hell’”.

    13th Batt RHC CEF was certainly not the Canadian Black Watch, considering the roots of 5th Regt. RHC, tradition in raising a force when a Call to Arms, the file raised from the slums of Montreal, Halifax, Quebec, etc., bad to the bone.

    Famously, infamous, notorious, they are part of the footing that raised the foundation, on which stands, “Shock Army of the British Empire.” A 13th Batt CEF regular cap badge in white metal, collars, etc will get 3 times more money then any other Highland badge, British or Canadian.

    Go ask him why he labelled the Scots BW as infamous?
    The modern Johnstone tartan, like many modern tartans, is based on that of the infamous Black Watch, the Royal Highland Regiment entrusted with the honor of guarding the Scottish Highlands. A relatively simple weave, the Johnstone tartan is composed of broad, alternating bands of forest green and sapphire blue. Along the blue band, three black stripes cross in the center. Along the green band are three more crossing stripes, with the middle stripe coloured gold rather than black.

    5th Battalion Select Embodied Militia, Battle of Châteauguay, War of 1812.

    The only Ville de Montréal raised elite Incorporated battalion in 1812 were, the Infamous La “Brigades des Devils or Devil’s Own,” 5th Battalion Select Embodied Militia, H.Q. Montréal. It’s “rank” raised from prominent feared and respected city lawyers, Canada’s present and future leaders. Chambers with other academics writ’s,

    “The officers of other battalions named then as such, owing a majority of the officers were lawyers,” however is this account fact or only half of the story?

    The 5th Battalion of Select Embodied Militia “in green coats with red facings,” this is the “notorious,” Devil’s Own battalion recruited from the slums of Montreal and Quebec, and so called because of its reputation for thievery and disorder.” Source; Pierre Berton’s War of 1812.

    According to official history many wounded twice even 3 times, once recuperated went back to the lines, or reenlisted once back in Canada with the reinforcements sent back to 13th Batt.

    Total of nominal Roll: 5,560
    Total all Ranks Dead: 1,291
    Total Battalion Casualties: 4,445

    Their fighting spirited reputation was bad to the bone!



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