Canadian Personnel Records Abbreviations Used in First World War 1914-18.

Research at Library and Archives Canada Canadian Expeditionary Force.

Library and Archives Canada holds the personnel records for the 600,000 Canadians who enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) during the First World War (1914-1918). To identify the file references for nurses, chaplains and soldiers, you can search our Soldiers of the First World War.


First World War Abbreviations Used in Service Files.


Example of Military file of soldier Felix Cullen

The military file of Felix Cullen is a typical example of the average soldier’s file. It includes his attestation paper, record of service, casualty form, discharge certificate, war service gratuity, hospital cards, medical history sheet, medical case sheet, temperature chart, last pay certificate, dental history sheet and medical examination certificate upon leaving the service. Library and Archives Canada ArchiviaNet database “Soldiers of the First World War — Canadian Expeditionary Force” provides access to the military records of members of the Force. In some cases, individuals’ attestation papers have been digitized.


How to Read a Record of Service or Casualty Form.


Soldiers of the First World War: 1914-1918



First World War Abbreviations Used in Personnel Records.


Adj = Adjutant
adm = admitted
ARD = Alberta Regimental Depot
att’d = attached
auth = authorized, authority
AWL = Absent without leave
Batt’n, Bn = Battalion
BCRD = British Columbia Regimental Depot
BEF = British Expeditionary Force
Bty = Battery
CADC = Canadian Army Dental Corps
CAMC = Canadian Army Medical Corps
CASC = Canadian Army Service Corps
Cav = Cavalry
CBD = Canadian Base Details
CCAC = Canadian Casualty Assembly Centre
CCCC = Canadian Corps Composite Company
CCD = Canadian Convalescent Depot
CCRC = Canadian Corps Reinforcement Camp
CCS = Casualty Clearing Station
CDD = Canadian Discharge Depot
CDAC = Canadian Divisional Ammunition Column
CE = Canadian Engineers
CEF = Canadian Expeditionary Force
CERD = Canadian Engineer Reinforcement Depot
CFA = Canadian Field Ambulance
CFA = Canadian Field Artillery
CFC = Canadian Forestry Corps
CGA = Canadian Garrison Artillery
CGH = Canadian General Hospital
CGR = Canadian Garrison Regiment
CL = Casualty List
CLH = Canadian Light Horse
CMGC = Canadian Machine Gun Corps
CMR = Canadian Mounted Rifles
C of I = Court of Inquiry
Com = Command
Conv = Convalescent
CORD = Central Ontario Regimental Depot
Coy = Company
CRCR = Canadian Reserve Calvary Regiment
CRT = Canadian Railway Troops
CSM = Company Sergeant-Major
DAC = Divisional Ammunition Company
DCM = Distinguished Conduct Medal
dis = discharged
Div = Division
DO = Daily Order (of a unit)
D of W = Died of wounds
Dvr = Driver
emb = embarked
EORD = Eastern Ontario Regimental Depot
FGH = Fort Garry Horse
FGHRR = Fort Garry Horse Reserve Regiment
Frac = Fractured
GC = Badge Good Conduct Badge
Gen = General
GHQ = General Headquarters
Gnr = Gunner
GSW = Gunshot Wound
GOC = General Officer Commanding
HMS = His Majesty’s Service
HMT = His Majesty’s Troopship
Hosp = Hospital
How = Howitzer
HQ = Headquarters
inv “wd” = invalided wounded
KIA = Killed in action
LG (Lon. Gaz.) = London Gazette
LMB = Light Mortar Battery
LSH = Lord Strathcona’s Horse (Royal Canadians)
M&D = Medals & Decorations
MC = Military Cross
MD = Military District (or Depot)
MIA = Missing in action
MID = Mentioned-in-Despatches
Mil = Military
Miss = missing
MM = Military Medal
MRD = Manitoba Regimental Depot
NSRD = Nova Scotia Regimental Depot
NYD = not yet determined
OC = Officer Commanding
OMFC = Overseas Military Forces of Canada
O.S. = Overseas
P & S = Plaque & Scroll (Memorial)
Pnr = Pioneer
PPCLI = Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry
pres = presumed
Proc = proceeded
Pte = Private
Pt. II O = Part II Orders
PUO = Pyrexia of unknown origin
QRD = Quebec Regimental Depot
RAF = Royal Air Force
RCD = Royal Canadian Dragoons
RCHA = Royal Canadian Horse Artillery
RCR = Royal Canadian Regiment
rem = remained
rept = reported
Res = Reserve
RFB = Reported from Base
RFC = Royal Flying Corps
RHC = Royal Highlanders Of Canada
RSM = Regimental Sergeant-Major
RTC = Returned to Corps
RTU = Returned to Unit
SEF = Siberian Expeditionary Force
SOS = Struck off strength (of a unit)
Spr = Sapper
SS = Steamship
Staty = Stationary (Hospital)
SW = Shrapnel (Shell) wound
TMB = Trench Mortar Battery
TOS = Taken on strength (of a unit)
Tpr = Trooper
trans = transferred
unk = unknown
VDG = venereal disease, gonorrhea
VDS = venereal disease, syphilis
w, (w) = wounded
WORD = Western Ontario Regimental Depot


4 thoughts on “Canadian Personnel Records Abbreviations Used in First World War 1914-18.

  1. Looking at the picture I think the really small guy almost middle front row is my granddad Lt J Johnston. He is listed as having the St George medal 2nd class which is hanging on my wall. If anyone can name these men it would be great.


    • Yes, it would be nice to ID all photos I have of CEF 13th Inf. Batt, and for now we have one, presume you are discussing my Blog Header Photo, of 5th Regiment RHC, at Salisbury Plain’s 1914, incognito.

      Canada’s Infamous 13th Battalion (RHC) Black Watch, Awards In The First World War.

      Medal of St. George, 2nd Class (Russia)
      Lieutenant J. Johnston.




      • My Granddad was in the 5th Can Inf (initially) and was training on Salisbury plain prior to going to France. He was involved in the 1st Gas attack in Ypres 1915. There is a pic of the 13th in 1920 De Blurry St? (I think) there is a very short guy centre front. He looks very much like my grandfather. The list of awards given on that page also has his name Lt J Johnston. He left as a Major. I still have his Black watch badge, the kilt he wore then and his medals including the St George Medal. My father was also in the Black watch (Scottish). I have attempted to find out what the St George medal was awarded for but with no success. Regards Art Johnstone Date: Thu, 10 Sep 2015 00:31:40 +0000 To:

        Liked by 1 person

      • Hi, yes I have that picture posted on other blog, on the link I posted of my list, for his name, the Medal, I believe one reason was for being of Russian origin.

        The Order of Saint George, (Cross) 2nd Class and the Medal of St. George, 2nd class (It’s round) for Russia are different awards:

        See this link for Gazetted Medals of St. George

        WO 388/7
        Decorations awarded to British and Dominion army personnel by the following countries: Belgium, China, Czechoslavakia, Egypt, Hedjaz, France, Greece, Italy, Japan, Montenegro, Nepal, Panama, Persia, Portugal, Roumania, Russia, Serbia, Siam, USA
        Download for free see link: http://discovery.nat…ils/r/C11154712

        “believe that the Tsar “gave” a bunch of Russian Medals and Crosses to the Imperial authorities. These were doled out to ORs and Officers who had done some form of gallant or meritorous action, but for whatever reason were not considered for the MID or MM or MC list.

        While many Russian men in the CEF received St. Georges, this was certainly not a criteria for being given one.”



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