Canada’s “Permanent Force” Annual Militia Report, Year Ending Mar. 31st, 1911.

EDUCATION OF OFFICERS.

CANADIAN UNIVERSITIES REGIMENT.

  1. During the year a scheme was prepared in order to provide students at universities and colleges with an opportunity of acquiring an elementary military training, with a view to their eventually applying for commissions in the Canadian Militia. It was proposed to form an Infantry unit to be known as the “Canadian Universities Regiment,” which would include all military organizations at universities and colleges. This scheme was circulated to the Principals of twenty-three universities and colleges, and although the replies received were, on the whole, favourable to the project, discussions are still proceeding in respect to matters of detail; these are principally of a financial nature and have, so far, prevented any definite acceptance of the proposal. It is still hoped, however, that a mutual agreement may be arrived at, and that the example of one or two of the leading institutions may yet prove the means of inducing others to co-operate in so patriotic an undertaking.

 

PERMANENT FORCE.

GENERALLY.

  1. During the year, 27 officers were appointed to the several branches of the Permanent Force, as follows:—
  • Cavalry…………………………………………..5.
  • Royal Canadian Artillery……………………….6.
  • Royal Canadian Engineers…………………….2.
  • Royal Canadian Regiment………………………4.
  • Canadian Permanent Army Service Corps……1.
  • Permanent Army Medical Corps………………..3.
  • Canadian Ordnance Corps………………………5.
  • Canadian Army Pay Corps……………………….1.
  1. The Royal School of Artillery has been re-organized and an Artillery Clerks’ sect’ on has been provided in the Royal Canadian Artillery.
  2. The nucleus of the Canadian Permanent Army Veterinary Service has been organized.

 

STATE.

  1. The following two returns show strength of the Permanent Force on March 31, 1911 (a) by branches, (b) by station:—
Strength of the Permanent Force On March 31st, 1911. 1.

Strength of the Permanent Force On March 31st, 1911. 1.

 

Permanent Force Strength on March 31st, 1911 by station. 2.

Permanent Force Strength on March 31st, 1911 by station. 2.

 

  1. The following return shows the changes in strength of the several branches which took place within the period covered by this report:—
Changes In Strenght Of Permanent Force From Apr. 1st 1910 To March 31st, 1911. 3.

Changes In Strenght Of Permanent Force From Apr. 1st 1910 To March 31st, 1911. 3.

 
PERMANENT STAFF.

  1. The following changes in the personnel of the Permanent Staff at Militia Headquarters and in the various Commands and Districts took place during the period covered by this report.

Headquarters.

  • Major-General, Sir P. H. N. Lake, K.C.M.G., C.B., vacated the appointment of Inspector-General and Chief Military Adviser to the Minister of Militia on expiration of his period of employment under the Canadian Government.
  • Colonel (temporary Major-General) W. D. Otter, C.V.O., C.B., Chief of the General Staff, was appointed Inspector-General.
  • Major-General Colin John Mackenzie, C.B,, was appointed Chief of the General Staff, vice Major-General W. D. Otter, C.V.O., C.B.
  • Lieutenant-Colonel C. E. English was appointed Inspector of Garrison Artillery, from Assistant Inspector of Artillery.
  • Lieutenant-Colonel H. E. Burstall, Royal Canadian Artillery, was appointed Inspector of Horse and Field Artillery.
  • Lieut.-Col. J. S. Dunbar was appointed Deputy Assistant Adjutant- General from Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General, Quebec Command, and afterwards, appointed Assistant Adjutant-General from Deputy Assistant Adjt.-Gen.
  • Major (temporary Lieut.-Col.) R.A. Helmer was appointed Director of Musketry from Assistant Adjutant-General and transferred to the branch of the Chief of the General Staff.
  • Major J. F. Macdonald, Canadian Ordnance Corps, was appointed Director of Clothing and Equipment and Principal Ordnance Officer, vice Lieutenant-Colonel R. K. Scott, D.S.O., whose appointment had expired.
  • Major (temporary Lieut.-Col.) P.E. Thacker, Lord Strathcona’s Horse (Royal Canadians) was appointed Director of Military Training from Assistant Adjutant-General, vice Major (temporary Lieut.-Col.) D.I.V. Eaton, Royal Canadian Artillery, whose tenure of that appointment had expired.
  • Major H. Kemmis Betty, Royal Canadian Regiment, was appointed Assistant Adjt.-Gen., vice Major (temporary Lieut.-Col.) P.E. Thacker, appointed Director of Military Training.
  • Captain F.A. Lister, Royal Canadian Regiment, was appointed Assistant Adjutant-General for Signalling, vice Major W.B.M. Carruthers, deceased; afterwards appointed Assistant Director of Signalling, and transferred to the Branch of the Chief of the General Staff.
  • Captain J.L.H. Bogart, Royal Canadian Engineers, was appointed Assistant Director of Engineers Services, vice Captain M.H.L. Simon, whose appointment had expired.
  • Captain T.V. Anderson, Royal Canadian Engineers, was appointed Assistant Director of Military Surveys, vice Lieutenant and Brevet Captain G.B. Wright, who reverted to Regimental duty.
  • Captain L.H. Sitwell, Corps of Guides, was appointed Assistant Director of Military Intelligence, vice Major A.C. Caldwell.
  • Captain W.P. Butcher, Royal Canadian Regiment, was appointed Captain on the Permanent Staff.
  • Lieut. P. de L.D. Passy, Royal Canadian Engineers, was appointed Staff Lieutenant on the Staff of the branch of the Chief of the General Staff, vice Captain S.H. Osier, whose appointment had expired. Lieutenant E.J.C. Sehmidlin, Royal Canadian Engineers, was appointed Staff Lieutenant on the Staff of the Branch of the Chief of the General Staff.

Western Ontario Command.

  • Major and Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel S. J. A. Denison, C.M.G., Royal Canadian Regiment, vacated the appointment of Chief Staff Officer and reverted to Regimental duty.
  • Major A.H. Macdonell, D.S.O., Royal Canadian Regiment, was appointed from Deputy Assistant Quartermaster-General, Maritime Provinces Command, to be Chief Staff Officer, vice Major and Brevet Lieut.-Col S.J.A. Denison, C.M.G.
  • Lieut. E. Ford was appointed Command Signaller from District Signaller, Military District No. 2.

Eastern Ontario Command.

  • Lieut.-Col. A.T. Shillington, Army Medical Corps, was appointed Administrative Medical Officer, vice Lieut.-Col. C.W.F. Gorrell, whose appointment had expired.

Québec Command.

  • Colonel W. D. Gordon, Officer Commanding, was retired.
  • Colonel A. Roy, M.V.O., A.D.C., was appointed Officer Commanding, vice Colonel W. D. Gordon, retired.
  • Lieut.-Col, R. T. Macdonald, Reserve of Officers, was appointed Principal Medical Officer, Military District No. 6. Major C. F. Winter was appointed Deputy Assistant Adjt.-Gen. from Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General, Headquarters Staff.
  • Lieut.-Col. .J. W. Bridges, Permanent Army Medical Corps, was appointed Principal Medical Officer, vice Lieut.-Col. A.N. Worthington.
  • Captain E.W. Pope, Royal Canadian Regiment, was appointed District Staff Adjutant, vice Captain L. Lc Due, who vacated the appointment.

Maritime Provinces Command.

  • Captain A.H.H. Powell, Royal Canadian Dragoons, was appointed Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General, vice Captain J.A. Benyon.

Military District No. 10.

  • Captain T. F. H. Dixon, Lord Strathcona’s Horse (Royal Canadians) was appointed District Staff Adjutant, vice Captain H. D. B. Ketchen.

Military District No. 11.

  • Lieut.-Col. and Brevet Colonel J. Peters, District Officer Commanding, was retired.
  • Lieut.-Col. R.L. Wadmore, Royal Canadian Regiment, was apointed District Officer Commanding, vice Lieut.-Col. and Brevet Colonel J. Peters.

Military District No. 13.

Captain A. H. Bell, Lord Strathcona’s Horse (Royal Canadians) was appointed District Staff Adjutant, vice Captain E. F. Mackie, D.S.O., whose appointment had expired.

Manufacturing.   

Captain A.E. Swift was appointed from Assistant-Inspector of Small Arms to be Inspector of Small Arms, vice Lieut.-Col. J.B. Pym, whose appointment had expired.

 

Royal Canadian Dragoons, ca 1910.

Royal Canadian Dragoons, ca 1910.

 

INSTRUCTION.

GENERALLY.

  1. The results of the promotion examinations of the Imperial Army held in May and December, 1910, were as follows:—At the May examination, twentyfour officers of the Permanent Force presented themselves, of whom eighteen passed and six failed (four in one subject and two in more than one subject). One officer of the Royal Canadian Artillery wrote on the Artillery subject “e” but failed.
  1. At the December examination, eleven officers presented themselves all of whom passed; two officers of the Royal Canadian Artillery wrote on subject “e”, both of whom passed. .Thirty-one officers presented themselves for the promotion examination in “c” practical work in 1910, twenty-seven of whom passed.
  2. Six officers of the Permanent Force presented themselves for examination in Tactical Fitness for Command, of whom five passed. At the same time, one officer of the Active Militia was examined for the rank of colonel and passed.
  3. Four candidates presented themselves for the Literary Examination for appointment to the Permanent Force held in May, 1910, of whom one passed.
  4. Six officers attended the Artillery Staff Course, of whom four passed.

 

EXPENDITURE.

  1. The Permanent Force cost $87,381 more than it did in the previous 3’ear owing principally to its strength having been kept at a higher level. The maximum recruiting establishment was 3,300 all ranks. On March 31, 1910, there were 2,854 exclusive of civilians, and on March 31, 1911, 3,069.

 

Permanent Force by Station, Allowances in Money For Year Ended March 31st, 1911. 4.

Permanent Force by Station, Allowances in Money For Year Ended March 31st, 1911. 4.

 

Permanent Force Expenditure of Pay And Allowances, Ended Mar. 31st, 1911. Part II. 5

Permanent Force Expenditure of Pay And Allowances, Ended Mar. 31st, 1911. Part II. 5

 

Permanent Force Corps, Expenditure of Pay And Allowances, Ended Mar. 31st, 1911. 6.

Permanent Force Corps, Expenditure of Pay And Allowances, Ended Mar. 31st, 1911. 6.

 

Permanent Force Expeditures for Provisions and Supplies, 1910-11. 7.

Permanent Force Expenditures for Provisions and Supplies, 1910-11. 7.

 
APPENDIX ‘A’.

Ottawa, March 31, 1911.

  • From the Director-General, Medical Services, Canadian Militia.
  • To the Adjutant-General, Canadian Militia.

Sir,—I have the honour to submit my report upon the Medical Services for the year ending March 31, 1911.

 

PERSONNEL, PERMANENT ARMY MEDICAL CORPS.

  1. Reference must again be made to the totally inadequate establishment of the Permanent Army Medical Corps. To enable the multifarious duties of the Corps to be carried out with any degree of efficiency, the establishment should be increased 100%. This would allow of a proper staff being detailed to the various camps of instructions without dislocating the routine work of the Military Hospitals, and would, also, permit of the senior Non-Commissioned Officers undergoing special training in order to be available to take up the duties of Instructors to the various Field Medical Units. This would relieve these units from much petty detail routine and give more time to the officers and men to acquire the knowledge for which they exist, i.e., Field Training.
  2. Nursing Sisters should be detailed at each Military Hospital in order that efficient nursing would be assured and to assist the Medical Officers to give instruction in nursing duties to the Non-Commissioned Officers and men.
  3. The sick from the Canadian Navy are being treated in the Military Hospitals. This involves additional work for the Permanent Army Medical Corps as no help is available from the sister service.

PHYSICAL TRAINING.

  1. The Physical training of the soldier continues to make good progress. This branch of training is fast becoming one for the supervision of the Medical Officer.
  2. At Halifax, the Swedish System is in force and the Medical Officer in charge of the Gymnasium (Lieut. G. Lawson, Permanent Army Medical Corps) reports that the “general appearance of the men at the end of the course is markedly improved—they are better disciplined, have better carriage, are smarter, and more active and alert.” I consider that the exercises are admirably adapted to produce these desired results.
  • I have the honour to be, sir, Your obedient servant, G. C. JONES, Colonel, Director-General Medical Services.

 

B. Battery R.C.H.A. 1909.

B. Battery R.C.H.A. 1909.

 

 

APPENDIX ‘E’.

INTERIM REPORT OF THE MILITIA COUNCIL FOR THE DOMINION OF CANADA ON THE TRAINING OF THE MILITIA DURING THE SEASON OF 1910.

 

To His Excellency the Right Honourable Sir Albert Henry George, Earl Grey, Viscount Howick; Baron Grey of Howick, in the County of Northumberland’, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom and a Baronet, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George, etc., etc., Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of the Dominion of Canada.

May it Please Your Excellency: The undersigned has the honour to present to Your Excellency an interim report on the training of the Militia of the Dominion of Canada, hiring the season of 1910; to be embodied at a later date in the Report of the Militia Council for the year ending March 31, 1911.

Respectfully submitted.

  • W. BORDEN, Minister of Militia and Defence. Department of Militia and Defence, Ottawa, March 1, 1911.

 

REPORT.

  1. The accompanying report brief outlines the general scheme of training carried out by the Canadian Militia during the season of 1910, and appended will be found the report of the Inspector-General on the results of that training. (Appendix A).

Scheme of Training.

 PERMANENT FORCE.

  1. Units of the Permanent Force were required to undergo the usual course in training laid down for the Regular Army in the manuals of each arm.

Cavalry:—

  • September to March—Individual instruction.
  • March and April—Troop training.
  • May—Squadron training.
  • June and July—In camps of training.
  • August—Squadron training.

Horse Artillery:—

  • September to March— Winter training (including battery manoeuvre).
  • April and May—Battery training.
  • June and July—In camps of training.
  • August—Combined and battery training

Infantry:—

  • September to March—Individual instruction.
  • April and May—Company and battalion training.
  • June and July—In camps of training.

 

Band and Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery from Kingston, Ont. Quebec  July 1908.

Band and Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery from Kingston, Ont. Quebec July 1908.

 

Efficiency.

PERMANENT FORCE.

  1. As regards the general efficiency in Signalling of the several units of the Permanent Force, ‘A’ Squadron Royal Canadian Dragoons. ‘A’ Battery Royal Canadian Horse Artillery, No. 1 Company, Royal Canadian Garrison artillery and the Royal Canadian Regiment, Halifax, N.S., (six companies inspected collectively), took first place in their respective arms.
  •  F. JARVIS, Secretary, the Militia Council.

 

Spañard

 

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