Canada’s “Permanent Force” Annual Militia Report, Year Ending Mar. 31st, 1914.

ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MILITIA COUNCIL.

PERMANENT FORCE.

With the exception of batteries of horse and heavy artillery, which trained at Petawawa, all units of the Permanent Force carried out training in their respective areas, under arrangements made by divisional and district commanders. No. 5 Company, Royal Canadian Garrison Artillery, was employed on duty in aid of the civil power at Nanaimo, B.C., from August 13, 1913, to January 19, 1914, in consequence of which this unit was unable to carry out gun practice at Esquimalt.

 

EDUCATION.

OFFICERS.

Instruction in England:—

The following officers of the Permanent Force attended Instructional Courses in England:—

Staff College:—

  • Major E. de B. Panet, Royal Canadian Artillery.
  • Captain F. S. Morrison, Royal Canadian Dragoons.
  • ” J. H. MacBrien, Royal Canadian Regiment.
  • ” A. H. Borden, Royal Canadian Regiment.
  • ” J. S. Brown, Royal Canadian Regiment.

Ordnance College:—

  • Lieutenant E. J. Renaud, Canadian Ordnance Corps.

Gunnery Staff Course:—

  • Captain W.H.P. Elkins, Royal Canadian Artillery.
  • ” G.S. Browne, Royal Canadian Artillery.
  • Lieut. H.R.N. Cobbett, Royal Canadian Artillery.

School of Military Engineering:—

  • Lieut. A.G. Lawson, Royal Canadian Engineers.
  • ” K. Stuart, Royal Canadian Engineers.
  • ” F.E. Henshaw, Royal Canadian Engineers.
  • ” G.H. Shaw, Royal Canadian Engineers.
  • ” W.M. Miller, Royal Canadian Engineers.
  • ” F.M. Hutchinson, Royal Canadian Engineers.
  • ” J.P. Edwards, Royal Canadian Engineers.
  • ” D.H. Williams, Royal Canadian Engineers.
  • ” H. St. G. Bond, Royal Canadian Engineers.

Attachments:—

  • Lieut-Col. A.C. Macdonell, D.S.O., Lord Strathcona’s Horse (E.C.)
  • Captain W.T. Russell, Lord Strathcona’s Horse, (E.C.)
  • Major H.T. Hughes, Royal Canadian Engineers.
  • Lieut. A.G. Lawson, Royal Canadian Engineers.
  • ” K. Stuart, Royal Canadian Engineers.
  • ” F.E. Henshaw, Royal Canadian Engineers.

Officers’ Long Course:—

Ten officers attended at the Royal Military College the Long Course (7 months) which terminated in May, 1913, and the following received certificates:—

  • Captain D.C. Davis, 23rd Alberta Rangers.
  • Lieut. J.A. Critchley, 15th Light Horse.
  • ” H.E. Hendy, 9th Battery, Canadian Field Artillery.
  • ” G.L.P. Grant-Suttie, 36th Regiment.
  • ” A.H.W. Landon, 53rd Regiment
  • ” G.E. Franeklyn, 66th Regiment

Five of them have since been granted commissions in the Permanent Force. There were three officers attending the Long Course in progress at the end of the fiscal year.

Refresher Course—Permanent Force:—

The under mentioned officers went through this year’s Refresher Course, held at the Royal Military College, Kingston, in conjunction with the Preparatory Course for the Staff College:—

  • Major A.C.S. Hamilton-Gray, Royal Canadian Regiment.
  • ” A.H. Powell, Permanent Staff.
  • ” W.T. Lawless, Permanent Staff.
  • ” D.D. Young, Royal Canadian Dragoons.
  • Captain F.L. Cartwright, D.S.O., Lord Strathcona’s Horse, (R.C.).

 

Royal Canadian Regiment Band 1911, Halifax N.S..,

Royal Canadian Regiment Band 1911, Halifax N.S..,

 

EXAMINATIONS.

Promotion Examinations—Permanent Staff and Permanent Force:—

The examination of officers in the practical subjects required for promotion was carried out under divisional or district arrangements. The semi-annual written examinations were held, as usual, in May and December; and forty-five candidates presented themselves for examination in one or more subjects or sub-heads.

Literary Examination:—

Two candidates presented themselves for the Literary Examination, held in May, to qualify for appointment to the Permanent Force, but neither was successful.

 

PERMANENT FORCE AND STAFF.

PERMANENT FORCE.

During the year twenty-five officers were appointed to the several branches of thePermanent Staff and Force, as follows:—

  • Permanent Staff……………………………….2.
  • Royal Canadian Dragoons…………………….2.
  • Lord Strathcona’s Horse (R.C.)……………….3.
  • Royal Canadian Artillery……………………..4.
  • Royal Canadian Engineers……………………1.
  • Royal Canadian Regiment…………………….7.
  • Canadian Permanent Army Service Corps……3.
  • Canadian Army Veterinary Corps…………….1.
  • Corps of Military Staff Clerks…………………2.
  • Total………………………………………….25.

 

Permanent Force Strength By Corps, Included NPAM, for Mar, 31st 1914. 1.

Permanent Force Strength By Corps, Included NPAM, for Mar, 31st 1914. 1.

 

Permanent Force Strength Table, Shows Changes from Apr.1st 1913, to Mar. 31st 1914. 2.

Permanent Force Strength Table, Shows Changes from Apr.1st 1913, to Mar. 31st 1914. 2.

 

PERMANENT STAFF.

The following arc the changes in the personnel of the Permanent Staff at Militia.

Headquarters, and in the various Divisions and Districts:—

Headquarters’ Staff:—

  • The period of tenure of appointment of Major-General D. A. Macdonald, C.M.G., I.S.O., as Quartermaster-General, was further extended from November 15, 1913, to November 15, 1914.
  • The period of tenure of appointment of Major-General W. H. Cotton, as Inspector-General, was extended from December 1, 1913, to March 31, 1914.
  • Major-General W. H. Cotton vacated the appointment of Inspector-General, March 31, 1914. Colonel W. G. Gwatkin vacated the appointment of General Staff Officer for Mobilization, and was appointed Chief of the General Staff, vice Major-General C. J. Mackenzie, C.B., who resigned his temporary commission in the Canadian Militia, November 1, 1913.
  • Colonel Henry Smith, Judge Advocate General, was graded as an Administrative Staff Officer, 1st Grade, while holding his present appointment, June 1, 1913. (General Order 103-1913.)
  • Colonel J. C. MacDougall, Permanent Staff, was graded as a Director, while employed at Militia Headquarters, an Assistant to the Judge Advocate General, from April 1, 1913. (General Order 90-1913.)
  • The period of tenure of appointment of Colonel J. L. Biggar, Canadian Permanent Army Service Corps, as Director of Supplies and Transport, was further extended from December 1, 1913, to November 30, 1914.
  • Lieut.-Colonel G. S. Maunsell, Royal Canadian Engineers, was appointed Director-General Engineer Services, April 1, 1913.
  • The period of tenure of appointment of Lieut.-Colonel H. E. Burstall, A.D.C.. Royal Canadian Artillery, as Inspector of Artillery (Horse, Field, and Heavy), was extended from April 1, 1914, to April 1, 1915.
  • Lieut.-Colonel R. J. Gwynne, Active Militia, was confirmed in the appointment of Director of Cadet Services, from August 1, 1913. (General Order 143-1913.)
  • Lieut.-Colonel E. W. B. Morrison, D.S.O., Active Militia, Acting Director of Artillery, was confirmed in the appointment, and granted the rank of Lieut.-Colonel on the Permanent Staff, from March 1, 1913. (General Order 142-1913).
  • Major L. Drum, Permanent Army Medical Corps, was appointed Acting Deputy Director-General of Medical Services, August 19, 1913.
  • Major W. B. Anderson, Royal Canadian Engineers, vacated the appointment of Director of Military Training, October 1, 1913.
  • Major H. Kemmis-Betty, Royal Canadian Regiment, vacated the appointment of Assistant Adjutant-General, and was appointed Director of Military Training. October 1, 1913.
  • Major J. L. H. Bogart, Royal Canadian Engineers, vacated the appointment of Assistant Director-General of Engineer Services, December 15, 1913.
  • Major A. Z. Palmer, Royal Canadian Artillery, was appointed an Assistant Adjutant-General, November 1, 15)13.
  • Captain E. E. Clarke, Permanent Staff, was appointed Assistant Director of Supplies and Transport, from April 1, 1913.
  • Captain G. C. W. Gordon-Hall, The King’s Own (Yorkshire Light Infantry), Brevet Major, Canadian Militia, was appointed Director of Military Operations. October 21, 1913, vice Major G. Paley (Rifle Brigade), Brevet Lieut.-Col. Canadian Militia, who resigned his temporary commission in the Canadian Militia, on the expiration of his period of employment under the Canadian Government.
  • Captain S. H. Osler, Royal Canadian Engineers, was appointed Assistant Director General of Engineer Services, December 15th 1913.
  • Captain G. T. Hamilton (“Royal Field Artillery), Canadian Militia, was appointed Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General, November 1, 1913.
  • Captain Gordon Ogilvie (Royal Artillery), was appointed Inspector of Ammunition, in the Branch of the Master-General of the Ordnance, December 6, 1913.
  • Francis Logie Armstrong, Esquire, formerly a Major in the 21st “Westmont” Battery, Canadian Field Artillery, was appointed to the Permanent Staff, with the rank of Captain (subject to qualification) and employed in the Branch of the Adjutant-General, January 2, 1914.
  • Office Clerk and Honorary Lieutenant F. E. Davis, was transferred to the Permanent Staff, and retained in the Branch of the Chief of the General Staff.

 

Royal Canadian Dragoons 1st B Squadron, Stanley Barracks, Toronto, 1913.

Royal Canadian Dragoons 1st B Squadron, Stanley Barracks, Toronto, 1913.

 

1st Division:—

  • Lieut-Colonel C. W. Belton, Permanent Army Medical Corps, vacated the appointment of Assistant Director of Medical Services, August 1, 1913.
  • Major and Brevet Lieut.-Colonel A. H. Macdonell, D.S.O., Royal Canadian Regiment, vacated the appointment of Assistant Adjutant-General in charge of Administration, and was appointed General Staff Officer, 2nd Grade, October 21, 1913.
  • Major L. W. Shannon, Permanent Staff, vacated the appointment of Deputy Assistant Adjutant and Quartermaster-General, and was appointed Assistant Adjutant-General in charge of Administration, October 21, 1913.
  • Major E. C. Dean, Canadian Permanent Army Service Corps, vacated the appointment of Assistant Director of Supplies and Transport, September 15, 1913.
  • Captain G. C. W. Gordon Hall, The King’s Own (Yorkshire Light Infantry). Brevet Major, Canadian Militia, vacated the appointment, of General Staff Officer. 2nd Grade, on transfer to Militia Headquarters, October 21, 1913.
  • Captain F. B. Eaton, Canadian Permanent Army Service Corps, was appointed Assistant Director of Supplies and Transport, September 15, 1913.
  • Captain A. E. Snell, Permanent Army Medical Corps, was appointed Assistant Director of Medical Services, March 18, 1914.
  • Lieutenant F. O. Hodgins, Royal Canadian Engineers, was appointed Commanding
  • Royal Canadian Engineer, from June 5, 1913.

2nd Division:—

  • Lieut.-Colonel J. A. Grant, Permanent Army Medical Corps, vacated the appointment of Assistant Director of Medical Services, on transfer to the 6th Division, Mar 1, 1913.
  • Lieut.-Colonel G. La Fayette Foster. Permanent Army Medical Corps, was appointed Assistant Director of Medical Services, May 1, 1913.
  • Lieut.-Colonel W. B. Hall, Canadian Permanent Army Veterinary Corps, vacated the appointment of Principal Veterinary Officer, December 31, 1913.
  • Lieut.-Colonel J. T. Fotheringham, Army Medical Corps, vacated the appointment of Deputy Assistant Director of Medical Services, on transfer to the Reserve of Officers, March 21, 1914.
  • Major J. H. Elmsley, Royal Canadian Dragoons, was advanced from General Staff Officer, 3rd Grade, to General Staff Officer, 2nd Grade, November 19, 1913.
  • Major C. C. Bennett, Permanent Staff, vacated the appointment of Deputy Assistant Adjutant and Quartermaster-General, on transfer to the 3rd Division. April 1, 1913.
  • Captain T. F. H. Dixon, Lord Strathcona’s Horse (R.C.), was appointed Deputy Assistant Adjutant and Quartermaster-General, April 1, 1913.

3rd Division:—

  • Lieut. -Colonel J. Massie, Canadian Permanent Army Veterinary Corps, vacated the appointment of Principal Veterinary Officer, on retirement, December 31, 1913.
  • Major W. J. iSTeil, Canadian Permanent Army Veterinary Corps, was appointed Principal Veterinary Officer, January 1G, 1914.
  • Major C. C. Bennett, Permanent Staff, was appointed Deputy Assistant Adjutant and Quartermaster-General, vice Captain E. E. Clarke April 1, 1913.
  • Captain E. E. Clarke, Permanent Staff, vacated the appointment of Deputy Assistant Adjutant and Quartermaster-General, on appointment to the Headquarters’ Staff, April 1, 1913.

 

B Battery R.C.H.A. 1909.

B Battery R.C.H.A. 1909.

 

4th Division:—

  • Lieut. -Colonel C. E. English (Royal Garrison Artillery), Colonel, Canadian Militia, vacated the appointment of General Staff Officer, 2nd Grade, July 14, 1913.
  • Major A. H. Panet, Canadian Ordnance Corps, vacated the appointment of Senior Ordnance Officer, September 8, 1913.
  • Major W. B. Anderson, Royal Canadian Engineers, was appointed General Staff Officer, 2nd Grade, October 1, 1913.
  • Major L. LeDuc, Royal Canadian Regiment, was appointed Assistant Adjutant- General in charge of Administration, April 1, 1913.
  • Major W. F. C. Sullivan, Canadian Ordnance Corps, was appointed Senior Ordnance Officer, December 30, 1913.
  • Lieutenant W. G. Tyrrell (Royal Engineers), brevet Captain, Canadian Militia, vacated the appointment of Commanding Royal Canadian Engineer, on the expiration of his period of employment under the Canadian Government, September 17, 1913.
  • Lieutenant R. H. Irwin, Royal Canadian Engineers, was appointed Commanding Royal Canadian Engineer, from September 17, 1913.

5th Division:—

  • Major J. D. Doall, Royal Canadian Regiment, was appointed Assistant Adjutant- General in Charge of Administration, from April 1, 1913.
  • Major F. deB. Panet, Royal Canadian Artillery, was appointed General Staff Officer, 3rd Grade, January 9, 1914.
  • Major W. Robertson (Royal Engineers), Canadian Militia, vacated the appointment of General Staff Officer, 2nd Grade, on resignation of his temporary commission in the Canadian Militia, October 1, 1913.
  • Major G. B. Wright, Royal Canadian Engineers, was appointed Commanding Royal Canadian Engineer. June 5, 1913.

 

B. Battery R.H.C.A. Trent 1909.

B. Battery R.H.C.A. Trent 1909.

 

6th Division:—

  • Lieut. -Colonel J. A. Grant, Permanent Army Medical Corps, was appointed Assistant Director of Medical Services, vice Lieutenant-Colonel G. LaFayette Foster, May 1. 1913.
  • Lieut.-Colonel G. LaFayette Foster vacated the appointment of Assistant Director of Medical Services, on transfer to the 2nd Division, May 1, 1913.
  • Lieutenant-Colonel J. Houliston, Royal Canadian Engineers, was appointed Commanding Royal Canadian Engineer, June 5, 1913.
  • Major C. Vawdrey, (Army Service Corps), brevet Lieut.-Colonel. Canadian Militia, vacated the appointment of Assistant Director of Supplies and Transport, on resignation of his temporary commission in the Canadian Militia, October 14, 1913.
  • Major A. H. Panet, Canadian Ordnance Corps, was appointed Senior Ordnance Officer, September 8, 1913.
  • Major S. S. Weatlierbie, Canadian Ordnance Corps, vacated the appointment of Senior Ordnance Officer, September 8, 1913.
  • Major E. C. Dean, Canadian Permanent Army Service Corps, was appointed Assistant Director of Supplies and Transport, October 1, 1913.
  • Major P. S. Benoit, .Royal Canadian Engineers, was appointed Staff Officer to Commanding Royal Canadian Engineers, vice Captain S. II. Osier, Royal Canadian Engineers, who vacated the appointment on transfer to Militia Headquarters, December 15, 1913.

No. 10 Military District:—

  • The period of tenure of appointment of Major F. L. Vaux, Permanent Army Medical Corps, as Assistant Director of Medical Services, was extended from May 1, 1913 to November 1, 1914.
  • The period of tenure of appointment of Major J. A. Hesketh, Corp- of Guides, as District Intelligence Officer was further extended from February 22, 1914, to February 22, 1915.
  • Captain T. F. H. Dixon, Lord Strathcona’s Horse (R.C.), vacated the appointment of District Staff Adjutant, on transfer to the 2nd Division. April 1, 1913.
  • Captain (temporary Major) W. T. Lawless, was appointed District Staff Adjutant, vice Captain T. F. H. Dixon. April 1, 1913.

No. 11 Military District:—

  • The period of tenure of appointment of Lieut. -Colonel H. Swinford, Canadian Army Service Corps, as Senior Army Service Corps Officer, was ext ended for one year from December 24, 1913.
  • The period of tenure of appointment of Major E. C. Hart, Permanent Army Medical Corps, as Assistant Director of Medical Services, was further extended from November 1, 1913, to November 1. 1914.

 

Captain Forrester's group, Royal Canadian Dragoons, 1890-14, Halifax NS.'

Captain Forrester’s group, Royal Canadian Dragoons, 1890-14, Halifax NS.’

 

Royal Military College:—

  • Colonel J. H. V. Crowe vacated the appointment of Commandant, on the expiration of his tenure of appointment, October 11, 1913.
  • Lieut.-Colonel T. B. Wood (Royal Garrison Artillery), vacated the appointment of General Staff 0ffieer,2nd Grade, on the expiration of his tenure of appointment, March 31, 1914.
  • Lieut.-Colonel L. R. Carleton, D.S.O. (The Essex Regiment), Colonel. Canadian Militia, was appointed Commandant (General Staff Officer, 1st Grade), vice Colonel J. H. V. Crowe, November 29, 1913.
  • Major F. R. Sedgwick (Reserve of Officers, Royal Field Artillery). Canadian Militia, vacated the appointment of Professor of Artillery, Tactics. Reconnaissance and Military History, on completion of his period of employment under the Canadian Government, August 11, 1913.
  • Major J. P. Shine (Royal Marine Light Infantry), Canadian Militia, vacated the appointment of Professor of Military Topography, and Superintendent of Drill and Gymnastics, on completion of his period of employment under the Canadian Government, August 31, 1913.
  • Captain S. A. Thompson (Northamptonshire Regiment), Canadian Militia, was appointed Professor of Military Topography, and Superintendent of Drill and Gymnastics, vice Major J. P. Shine, August 6, 1913.
  • Captain P. A. Maldon (Royal Field Artillery). Canadian Militia, was appointed Professor of Artillery, Tactics, Reconnaissance and Military History. November 22, 1913.
  • E.F. JARVIS, Secretary, Militia Council.

 

Permanent Force Expenditures By Station on Pay, Allowances and Supplies Apr. 1913, Mar. 31st 1914. 3.

Permanent Force Expenditures By Station on Pay, Allowances and Supplies Apr. 1913, Mar. 31st 1914. 3.

 

Permanent Force Expenditures on Pay and Allowances By Corps, For Officers and WO's., Mar. 31st 1914. 4.

Permanent Force Expenditures on Pay and Allowances By Corps, For Officers and WO’s., Mar. 31st 1914. 4.

 

Permanent Force Expenditures By Corps, On Pay and Allowances Of NCO's and Men, for Mar. 31st 1914. 5.

Permanent Force Expenditures By Corps, On Pay and Allowances Of NCO’s and Men, for Mar. 31st 1914. 5.

 

Permanent Force Expenditures By Station, On Pay and Allowances Of Officers and WO's , for Mar. 31st 1914. 6.

Permanent Force Expenditures By Station, On Pay and Allowances Of Officers and WO’s , for Mar. 31st 1914. 6.

 

Permanent Force Expenditures By Station, On Pay and Allowances Of NCO's and Men, for Mar. 31st 1914. 7.

Permanent Force Expenditures By Station, On Pay and Allowances Of NCO’s and Men, for Mar. 31st 1914. 7.

 

APPENDIX B.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR GENERAL OF MEDICAL SERVICES.

Ottawa, March 31, 1914.

  • From the Director-General, Medical Services, Canadian Militia to the Adjutant- General, Canadian Militia.
  • Sir,—I have the honour to submit my report upon the Medical Services for the year ending March 31, 1914.

 

PERMANENT ARMY MEDICAL CORPS.

Owing to the general development of medical work and organization in the Militia, the work of the Permanent Army Medical Corps, especially along scientific lines, has been, and will be, increased. The standard of sanitary efficiency demanded is high and it devolves on the Permanent Army Medical Corps to maintain that standard. The general increase in sanitary knowledge throughout the country means that the public will not be satisfied with any measures adopted to protect the health of its Militia and Cadets, while in camp, unless they are the very latest and accepted methods of sanitation. The sanitary work done in the Militia Camps has had no small effect upon producing this knowledge on the part of the general public. The limited personnel of the Permanent Army Medical Corps has made it difficult to carry out all its duties, but, in spite of this small number, the duties have been well performed; and it is hoped that the conditions will shortly permit a large increase in the establishment of this corps.

  • I have the honour to be, sir, Your obedient servant, G. C. JONES, Colonel, Director-General, Medical Services.

 

Royal Canadian Dragoons Signallers, 1891, Winnipeg, Man..

Royal Canadian Dragoons Signallers, 1891, Winnipeg, Man..

 

APPENDIX F.

REPORT OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL.

Ottawa, February 2, 1914.

  • From the Inspector-General Canadian Militia,, to the Secretary. Militia Council.

Sir,—In reporting upon the Militia for the year ending December 31, 1913, little remains to be said, as the voluminous and comprehensive report of the Inspector General of the Oversea Forces covers the entire general situation. There are, however, points to be touched on which may impress themselves on the attention of the Honourable the Minister of Militia, and the Militia Council.

 

THE PERMANENT CORPS.

 Generally.

The reduction of the Establishment of the Corps has greatly interfered with its usefulness and almost entirely prevented its own annual training. While all are animated with a desire to maintain the status of their several units in an efficient condition, and to prove themselves capable of imparting instruction to the Active Militia, their small numerical strength greatly interferes. Their clothing and personal equipment should be most complete and correct, and a larger margin of reserve held on regimental charge. New Dress Regulations are urgently needed. Whenever the Permanent Corps have been called on to afford instruction and instructors, the greatest satisfaction has been given.

Barracks.

The barrack accommodation in many places is unsuitable and obsolete. Stanley Barracks, Toronto, while yet occupied, has been given over to the Exhibition authorities and is embraced in their grounds. Until new barracks are ready, I the troops could be transferred to London, Ont. The Tete-du-pont Barracks, Kingston, is beyond further repair, and is unfit for occupation. The same may be said of the St. Louis Barracks, Quebec. The company of the Royal Canadian Regiment stationed there, might with advantage be sent to rejoin the Regiment at Halifax, particularly as the number of officers and non commissioned officers joining for instruction at this Station, is small. In the Royal Canadian Regiment changes of Station of the companies should be made periodically, and on a prepared roster.

  • I have the honour to be, sir. Tour obedient servant. W. H. COTTON, Major-General, Inspector-General.

 

 

 

Spañard

 

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