Kingston, Ont., June 25, 1908.
- From the Commandant Royal Military College,
- To the Secretary, Militia Council, Ottawa.
Sir,—I have the honour to report as follows on the year ending June 30, 1908.
- The number of Gentlemen Cadets on the strength in September, 1907, was 85. Two have since withdrawn, and I much regret to say that one cadet died in May, last—Gent. Cadet George Wright Jackson, of the second class.
- The present strength is, therefore, 82. Nineteen cadets leave the College this month, and 38 candidates have passed the entrance examination out of a total 47 who competed.
CONDUCT AND DISCIPLINE.
- The conduct and discipline of the cadets have been good.
- The result of the examinations has been more satisfactory than for either of the last two years.
DRILLS AND EXERCISES.
- The normal standard has been, I consider, more than maintained. Interest in musketry has increased, and several cadets are now becoming excellent shots.
CHANGES IN THE STAFF.
- Lieut. O. T. Macklem, R.O., joined the staff in April, last, as Instructor in Civil Engineering.
- I regret very much that the College is losing the services of Major N. A. W.
Scott, Royal Marine Light Infantry, whose period of employment has expired. I shall consider the College very fortunate if it secures the services of an instructor as competent.
DIPLOMAS OF GRADUATION.
- Diplomas of Graduation, with honours, have been awarded to the following:
- Battalion Sergt.-Maj. C. F. Carson.
- Company Sergt.-Maj. or K. C. C. Taylor.
- Company Sergt. E. Bristol.
Diplomas of Graduation.
- Company Sergeant-Major A. H. Gibson.
- G. A. R. Spain.
- Sergeant D. Bell-Irving.
- ” A. V. Tremaine.
- ” L. O. R. Dozois.
- ” H. H. Donnelly.
- ” W. D. Adams.
- Corporal H. O. Lawson.
- ” J. A. Keefer.
- ” W. T. MacFarlane.
- C. J. Swift.
- Gentleman Cadet T. E. Morrison.
- ” D. W. B. Walker.
- ” H. G. Cochrane.
- Corporal G. F. H. Hilliard.
- The following Gentlemen Cadets have been recommended for Commissions:—
- Battalion Sergeant-Major C. F. Carson for Royal Engineers.
- Company Sergeant-Major G. A. B. Spain for Royal Field Artillery.
- Corporal J. A. Keefer for Royal Canadian Engineers.
- Sergeant A. V. Tremaine for Royal Canadian Artillery.
- The College prizes won during the year have been awarded as follows:—
- Medals presented by His Excellency the Governor-General:
- Gold medal—Battalion Sergeant-Major C. F. Carson.
- Silver medal—Company Sergeant-Major E. Bristol.
- Bronze medal—Company Sergeant-Major K. C. C. Taylor.
- The Sword of Honour prize for conduct, discipline, drills—Battalion Sergeant-Major C. F. Carson.
- Class prizes for the highest marks in each class:—
- 1st Class—Company Sergeant-Major K. C. C. Taylor.
- 2nd ” Sergeant D. A. White.
- 3rd ” Gentleman Cadet E. O. Wheeler.
- The pair of binoculars presented by graduates of the College, from 1880 to 1885 and now in the Imperial Service, to the cadet entering the military profession making the highest number of marks in military subjects, was won by Battalion Sergeant-Major C. F. Carson.
- Subject prizes for the highest marks in the several subjects:—
- 1st Class, Military Engineering—Sergeant D. Bell-Irving,
- 1st ” Tactics and Beconnaissance—Company Sergeant-Major E. Bristol,
- 1st ” Bhysics—Company Sergeant-Major K. C. C. Taylor,
- 1st ” Chemistry—Company Sergeant-Major K. C. C. Taylor,
- 1st ” Surveying—Company Sergeant-Major K. C. C. Taylor
- 1st ” Civil Engineering—Company Sergeant-Major K. C. C. Taylor,
- 1st ” French—Sergeant L. O. B. Dozois,
- 1st ” Drills, Exercises, &c.—Battalion Sergeant-Major C. F. Carson.
- 1st ” Conduct—Company Sergeant-Major A. H. Gibson.
- 2nd ” Military Administration and Law—Sergeant D. A. White,
- 2nd ” Mathematics and Mechanics—Gentleman Cadet W. S. Lawrence.
- 2nd ” Geometrical and Engineering Drawing—Sergeant C. E. Bead.
- 2nd ” Artillery—Corporal L. H. Watts,
- 2nd ” Military Sketching, &c—Gentleman Cadet W. H. Weller.
- 3rd ” English—Gentleman Cadet A. F. O. Meredith,
- 3rd ” French—Gentleman Cadet H. H. Lawson.
- The Dundonald Mounted Batrol Competition was won by ‘ C ‘ Company, 1st team.
- The Challenge Shield, presented by the Hon. the Minister of Militia, for revolver practice was won by Sergeant L.O.B. Dozois.
- The Riding Challenge Cup, presented by Major G. R. Hooper, was won by Company Sergeant-Major G. A. R. Spain.
- The Tent Pegging Cup, presented by Captain E. C. Hamilton, was won by Gentleman Cadet D. W. R. Walker.
- The Ontario Government Cups for the best shot in each class in the annual musketry course were won as follows:—
- 1st Class—Sergeant W. T. MacFarlane.
- 2nd ” Sergeant D. A. White.
- 3rd ” Gentleman Cadet G. G. Chisholm.
19. The Quebec Government Cups, to the three cadets making the highest score at 200, 500 and 600 yards at the annual rifle meeting held on June 19, were won as follows:—
- 1st—Sergeant D. A. White.
- 2nd—Gentleman Cadet L. C. Goodeve.
- 3rd—Gentleman Cadet T. D. J. Ringwood.
- The Cups presented by Lieutenant-Colonel E. F. Wurtele, R.O., for the best gymnast in each class were won as follows:—
- 1st Class—Battalion Sergeant-Major C. F. Carson.
- 2nd ” Corporal J. C. Ball.
- 3rd ” Gentleman Cadet A. B. McEwen.
- The Inter-Company Gymnastic Competition for the Challenge Cup presented by Major N. A. W. Scott, Royal Military College, was won by ‘B’ Company.
- I have the honour to be, sir, Your obedient servant, E. T. TAYLOR, Lieutenant-Colonel, Commandant, Royal Military College.
REPORT OF THE BOARD. OF VISITORS, ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE, 1908.
The Secretary, Militia Council.
I beg to forward, herewith, the report of the Board of Visitors to the Royal Military College held in May last.
- W. D. OTTER, Brigadier- General Chairman, Board of Visitors.
Ottawa, August 14, 1908.
The Board assembled at the Royal Military College, Kingston, Ont., at 10 a.m., May 27, 1908.
- Chairman.—Brigadier-General W. D. Otter, C.V.O., C.B., Chief of the General Staff, Canadian Militia, Ottawa.
- Members—G. E. W. Dodwell, Esq., M.I.C.E., Halifax, N.S. Rev. Professor C. P. Choquette, President and Science Professor, College of St. Hyacinthe, St. Hyacinthe, P.Q.
- Acting Secretary.—Major C. F. Winter, Deputy Asst. Adjutant-General, Headquarters’ Staff, Ottawa.
Lieutenant- Colonel E. T. Taylor, Commandant of the College, was in attendance.
Colonel E. Fiset, D.S.O., Deputy Minister of Militia and Defence, Ottawa, one of the members of the Board, was prevented by pressure of departmental business from being present. Colonel T. D. B. Evans, C.B., A.D.C., District Officer Commanding Military District No. 10, Winnipeg, Man., was delayed by a railway accident which prevented his being present on the opening day.
The Board decided to follow the procedure adopted in 1906 and 1907, and after a thorough inspection of the various departments, buildings, &c, to record the results of its inquiries, with its recommendations, under corresponding headings, viz.:—
- (a) Admission to the College and course of instruction.
- (b) Personnel and administration.
- (c) College buildings and grounds.
At noon, on May 28, the Board was joined by Colonel T. D. B. Evans, C.B., A.D.C., one of the absent members at the opening meeting, and for the remainder of the sessions it had the benefit of his co-operation. During the 27th, 28th and 29th May the Board (made exhaustive inquiry into the management of the College, its curriculum, and the treatment of cadets, the condition of all buildings, appurtenances and apparatus, and held a final session on the 30th to agree upon its report. The Board much regretted the enforced absence of Colonel E. Fiset, D.S.O., whose attendance would have been of much assistance and value.
(a) ADMISSION TO THE COLLEGE AND COURSE OF INSTRUCTION.
PREFERENCE TO SONS OF OFFICERS OF THE MILITIA.
- The question of the desirability of granting a preference to the sons of militia officers was again brought before the Board, which was quite unanimous in sustaining the recommendations of the Boards of 1906 and 1907 on this subject, viz.: that by making a reduction in the expenses of a cadet, who was the son of a militia officer of proved merit, a small acknowledgment would be made of the great service many such freely give to their country and which would tend to establish and foster an increased sympathy with the College.
GRADUATES SERVING IN THE MILITIA.
Service in the Active Militia.
- The Board would repeat its expression of regret, in the report for 1907, that a larger number of graduates of the College do not enter the Active Militia of the Dominion, as distinct from the Permanent Force. It considers that the training and experience imparted at the College would be of the highest value to the militia and that the appointment of ex-cadets would encourage and assist the units of the force in many ways.
- The commandant read correspondence which had taken place between himself and the Adjutant-General with respect to this question. The Adjutant-General had raised the point as to the desirability of gazetting graduates to corps of the Active Militia in the vicinity of their homes and was of the opinion that in many cases it would be impracticable, in view of so many of the graduates obtaining employment remote from their homes. He, however, recommended instead that a cadet on graduation should have the privilege of joining any corps of the militia most convenient to him. In this the Board concurred, and it would recommend for the consideration of the Honourable the Minister in Militia Council the advisability of gazetting graduate-cadets to the units of the Active Militia, instead of, as now, to the Reserve of Officers.
Service in Permanent Force.
- The Board is of the opinion that it is highly desirable that some inducement should be offered to graduates to enter the Permanent Force of the militia of Canada, and it therefore recommends the following remission of fees, to those cadets who, on graduation, join the Permanent Force as officers:—
(1) Upon the completion of one year’s service in the Permanent Force, a refund of $100.
(2) Upon the completion of two years’ service in the Permanent Force, a refund of $100.
(3) Upon completion of three years’ service in the Permanent Force and qualifying for captain, a refund of $100.
- As an alternative to the above scheme, it is suggested for consideration that the whole $300 might be refunded in one sum at the end of the period of three years, provided the graduate-officer had qualified as captain.
- A favourable report from the graduate’s commanding officer should be an essential condition precedent to any and every refund.
- In the report of the Board of Visitors for 1907 it is recorded that the recommendations made the previous year with regard to the qualifying standard of marks for admission had been adopted in regard to mathematics in the proposed Syllabus for 1908, but not for English, geography, history and French. This difference was intentional, as the Commandant explained that it was desired to thoroughly understand the effects of the raising of the standard in mathematics before applying a similar change to other subjects.
- The Board is of the opinion that the view taken by the Commandant is sound, and that no change should be made until the result of the trial of the present system, with respect to mathematics, has been ascertained.
- It would recommend that the change of standard of marks in French, history, English and geography be deferred for another year before the qualifying minimum of marks be increased.
DURATION OF COLLEGE COURSE.
- The duration of the College course was discussed and considered in the light of another year’s experience. As reported by the Board last year, the replies received from parents and guardians of cadets then attending, as to the advisability of extending the course to four years, was overwhelmingly in favour of the extension. In view, however, of the desirability of obtaining the approval or otherwise of the guardians of more than one year’s roll of cadets, it was not considered opportune to make any recommendations at present. The members of the Board themselves are convinced of the advantages of the longer course, should such be found to be practicable.
SYLLABUS OP INSTRUCTION—ALLOTMENT OF TIME.
- The Commandant reported that the allotment of time to the various subjects appeared to work out advantageously. A new subject had been added to the curriculum, viz.:—’ Instruction in first aid to the wounded, bandaging, &c.,’ in which an examination is held and marks allotted. The Board approves of this addition, and considers the distribution of time to the different subjects taken up as satisfactory.
(b) PERSONNEL AND INTERIOR ADMINISTRATION ATTENDANCE.
- The Commandant reported that the present course began in September, 1907, with 85 cadets. Since that date one had died, one was withdrawn, and one had been discharged, thus leaving 82 now upon the books. The first class of 19 is expected to graduate in June (next month) and a class of 40 to join in September, thus bringing up the strength to very nearly the maximum for which accommodation can be provided at present.
- The death of the cadet just referred to—G. W. Jackson—resulted from the effects of an accident, for which the Board believes the College authorities are not in any way responsible.
PERSONNEL AND PHYSICAL RECORDS.
- The cadets were inspected on parade, and seen at infantry drill under their own non-commissioned officers. The appearance and steadiness of all was very marked and their movements most creditable—the cadet non-commissioned officers evinced ability to command.
- The majority of the cadets were also seen in class in the gymnasium, where the Board was favourably impressed with the physical appearance of all ranks and the ‘snap’ and precision with which the various exercises were performed. The Board feels that the excellence of this exhibition warrants mention of the fact that much of the credit for it is due to the Instructor in Gymnastics, Major Scott, K.M.L.I., and his assistant, Sergeant-Major Keith.
- The second class was seen at practical work in the field at railway and bridge building, and the third class in the class room at draughtsmanship from artillery materiel.
- The first class was seen at equitation in the College grounds upon horses provided by the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery.
- The demeanour and address of the cadets upon all occasions, as well as the interest they appeared to take in the subject or task of the moment, favourably impressed the Board.
- The Board had before it two representative cadets from each class, questioned them as to prevailing conditions, invited complaints on any subject, and asked them if they had any representations they desired to bring to the attention of the Board.
- All reported that the messing generally was satisfactory, but that occasionally the milk supplied was distasteful, as a result of the pasteurizing to which it was subjected by order of the Department.
- Complaint was also made that the quality of the material (white serge) supplied for recreation trousers was inferior and that the price charged for boots ($6.00) was excessive. Both these subjects are dealt with under the heading of Clothing (para. 24).
- The Board would recommend that occasionally the milk supplied should be tested as furnished at the table by the messmen, as well as when received from the contractor.
- The following records of the physical development of cadets of the third class, who joined the College in September, 1907, and who have now had nine months in residence, are of interest. With a strength of 31 cadets, the following averages were reported by the medical officer:—
- Average age—18 years, 2 months.
- Average height—5′ 8 ¼”.
- Chest measurement fully expanded—36 ¾”.
- Chest not expanded—32″.
- Average increased chest expansion—1 ¾ “.
The Board considers this an excellent showing, and good evidence of the value of regular and systematic physical exercise.
- No serious complaint was made in respect of clothing, and the uniforms provided appeared to fit well, to be smart in appearance, and satisfactory. The serge jackets last longer than formerly. Some complaint was made about the quality of the material supplied for recreation trousers and also of the material from which cadets’ boots were manufactured. The price paid by cadets for boots ($6.00) appears very high.
- The Board is of decided opinion that the tailor and shoemaker should give the cadets better value in the articles supplied, considering the prices charged.
- The Board inquired fully into the question of the maintenance of discipline and award of punishment, in regard to which no complaints were made. The Commandant reported the discipline to be very satisfactory, and that he had received much assistance in this respect from the senior cadets.
- Special inquiries were made both from the Commandant and the Professors, as well as from the cadets themselves, as to the prevalence of ‘ hazing ‘, recruiting ‘or’ fagging,’ but there appears no evidence that any of these practices are now carried on at the College. The Commandant reported that he had received letters from outside persons interested in the welfare of the College, stating that the discipline, behaviour and conduct of the cadets was commendable. One of the members of the Board reported that he had heard rumours of there being a strained and hostile feeling existing between the first class and the juniors, but this was denied by representatives of all three classes.
- Upon the question of the water supply to the College, the Commandant reported that there had been one case in the previous autumn of the water being bad, but otherwise no failure had occurred in the supply of filtered water. At present the water supply is considered very satisfactory, the reports of the periodical bacteriological examination showing it to be free from contamination.
- The Board visited the pumping station and inspected the filters, and also saw one of the filters washed out. All appeared to be in good order. A complaint was made by one cadet that the drinking water was still boiled, and, therefore, unpalatable. In view of the efficiency of the filtering plant, it would not now seem to be necessary to continue the precaution of boiling the drinking water for use throughout the College.
- With respect to the defective water supply outside the inner enclosure of the College grounds, and which has been reported upon by the Board for the past two years, the condition remains as before, the supply being wholly inadequate. The Commandant stated that he had reported fully to Headquarters with recommendations for remedying the defect, but until funds were provided to carry out the work of extending the mains, nothing could be done.
- The Board strongly recommends that the scheme for carrying water to the outer enclosure be proceeded with during the summer vacation, so that it may be completed on the re-opening of the College in September. The lack of increased water supply still involves grave risks in the event of fire.
- The College hospital was visited and found in excellent condition. At the time of the Board’s visit there were no cases in hospital, a few minor ailments being all that had required treatment for some time past.
HEALTH OF CADETS.
- The general health of the cadets has been better than last year and the health of all the employees has also been good. No really serious case of illness has occurred for some months.
- The Commandant reported that the milk supply, which was blamed for the ill-health of cadets about two years ago, was now quite satisfactory, and that the milk was pasteurized daily. As stated in a preceding paragraph, some complaint was made by the cadets as to the unpalatableness of the milk as a result of this process.
- The Board considers that the system of pasteurizing the milk should be conducted so as to remove the cause of complaint. The plant is at present temporarily installed in the basement of the hospital, but the new quarters now in course of preparation for its reception, should be completed at the earliest possible moment. (See paragraph 63.)
- The appointment of a Quartermaster as a result of the Board’s recommendation two years ago has proved of much benefit. All the officers of the staff appear to be efficient and to carry out their various duties very satisfactorily. The Commandant reported that he had been well supported by all his officers.
- The lack of an efficient bugler for sounding the calls for the cadets, commented upon in a previous report, has been remedied by the employment of a bugler from the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery. In effect the present system is a reduction from two buglers to one, an arrangement which the Board doubts can be carried on continuously.
- The Professor of Physics and Chemistry urged the appointment of an assistant, who could handle and look after the apparatus in his charge.
- It was suggested by the Commandant that the .mess servant who looks after the milk treatment might, also, be able to do the work required in the Physics and Chemistry Department.
- The Commandant reported that authority had been received to take on an extra servant, if the estimates for the College would bear it.
- The Board is of the opinion that an extra employee should be added to the subordinate staff, who could do the work in connection with the sterilization of the milk, and attend to the chemical apparatus and instruments. It is also recommended by the Board that an addition to the subordinate staff, in the person of a trained gunner from the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery, be employed to take special charge of the guns and artillery equipment. As stated in the paragraph referring to this matter, the number of guns and their intricate and rather complicated parts (e.g. the 4.7″, a new 18-pr. gun, besides the 3″ Q.F. and Maxim), require a man to look after them constantly. This recommendation will simply entail the charge of additional working pay for one gunner, viz.: 25c. per day.
- A petition was received from the gentlemen of the civil staff of the College with respect to the provision of pensions for the civil staff, both superior and subordinate. The Board is strongly of the opinion that such provision would be beneficial to the College, and conduce to its efficiency by making the appointments to professorships and to other posts more desirable. It would also be easier to retire officers and others over age and inefficient. The Board recommends the petition, attached hereto as Appendix ‘A’,* to the favourable consideration of the Honourable the Minister and the Militia Council.
PAY OF SUPERIOR STAFF.
- Representations were made to the Board by the civil Professors that a more equitable adjustment of salaries was called for, in view of the greatly increased cost of living at the present time, and the increased scales of pay now in vogue at the leading universities of the country.
- Specific applications were received from the Assistant Professor of Mathematics and from the Professors of English and French, respectively.
- Mr. H. J. Dawson, Assistant Professor of Mathematics, applied for equal treatment with respect to salary as that accorded the Assistant Professors of Civil. *This appendix has not been printed. Engineering, Surveying, and Military Topography, who now get from $1,500 to $1,800 per annum, whereas he has served 7£ years from $1,200 to $1,500, and is now getting but the same rate ($1,500) as paid to beginners in the other appointments. His application is appended hereto as Appendix ‘B.’*
- The Board was impressed with the justice of his request, as also of those advanced by the Professors of English and French, respectively. It is of the opinion that the time has come when a re-adjustment is not only deserved by the individuals concerned, but also calculated to conduce to the greater efficiency of the College; since, in the event of vacancies occurring, similar rates of pay would have to be given to new men, as are now applied for by teachers of long service and experience with the cadets.
- The Board strongly recommends:—
(a) That the question of the pay of the civil professors of the staff be given full consideration by the Honourable the Minister and members of the Militia Council, in the light of the present scales of salaries adopted at McGill and Toronto Universities. (&) That the salaries of the Professors of English and French be adjusted to run from $1,500 to $1,800 per annum, instead of from $1,200 to $1,500, as at present.
(c) That the Assistant Instructor in Mathematics be placed upon the same footing as to salary, as the Assistant Professors of Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Military Topography, viz.: $1,500 to $1,800.
- Notwithstanding that the Commandant and Military Professors made no applications for any improvement in their respective positions, the Board is of the opinion that the appointment of Commandant of the Royal Military College deserves special consideration by the Department. The emoluments of this important office are the same to-day as at the date of the establishment of the College, 30 years ago, though the cost of living has increased nearly 40 per cent since that time. The Commandant has many claims upon him, and he should be sustained in the matter of pay in such a manner as to enable him to discharge them with dignity and a liberality befitting the position. The Board considers that an increase of 25 per cent in the emoluments of the Commandant would be no more, than is warranted by the additional cost of living, &c, since the present rate of pay was fixed in 1878, and it recommends this for favourable consideration.
RECREATION OF CADETS.
- As recommended in previous reports, the Board is of the opinion that better means for recreation during the winter months should be provided. The gymnasium is made full use of, but, in addition, out-door recreation is required, and a new building, suitable for a skating rink and drill shed, should be erected. Particularly is a drill shed needed for use in bad weather. The Board recommends that provision be made at an early date for the erection of the necessary building, in order that it may, if possible, be ready for use next winter.
GUN SHED AND ARTILLERY ARMAMENT.
- The gun shed was visited by the Board and the artillery armament closely inspected. All was found in a fairly satisfactory condition, though it was apparent that with the variety and number of guns, a man to specially look after their cleaning, oiling, &c, is now necessary. The artillery armament has been considerably improved by the provision of one of the new Imperial 18-pr. field guns, which will give the cadets the benefit of up-to-date field artillery instruction, while the 4-7-inch and 3-inch Q.F. guns provide all that is required for garrison work. This appendix has not been printed.
- Some small accessories, such as the automatic sight and cams for the 4-7 gun, are required, although the Board was informed that these had been indented for.
- The Board would recommend that the 4-7-inch gun, now in a shed in rear of the dormitory, be mounted in Fort Frederick for drill and instructional purposes, as being more convenient.
- The pontoons and boat for use in instruction in bridge work, recommended in the report of the Board for 1907, have been provided, but the Professor of Military Engineering urged strongly that one of the new ‘Burton’ collapsible boats (James pattern) should be supplied, such being more up-to-date. In this recommendation the Board concurs.
(c) COLLEGE GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS.
- The Board desires to draw the attention of the Militia Council to the desirability of improving the grounds about the College. The Royal Military College of Canada should be a place to favourably impress visitors, and this the Board cannot feel is now the case.
- The repairs along the shore of Navy Bay, recommended in the last two reports, have not yet been done, and the Board repeats its recommendation that a proper, substantial concrete wall be erected all along the water front at the back of the dormitory, for a distance of about 800 to 900 feet. At the time of its visit, the exceedingly high water in Lake Ontario had placed most of the wharves and landings, with their boathouses and out-buildings, under water, and much of the foreshore was in a dilapidated and ill-kept condition. A wall such as recommended would act as a breakwater and prevent the washing away of frontage, &c, as well as provide shelter for the College boats, cutters, &c.
- The Board would also draw attention to the dilapidated condition of the boathouses which are now not only nearly useless for their purpose, but most unsightly. The provision of proper buildings would not be a heavy charge, and would preserve the College boats, which have, at present, such little protection as to entail a large yearly expenditure upon them for repairs. The Board submits that the care of the grounds and buildings should receive more attention from the Government in the interests of the reputation of the College with the general public.
- The rifle range, which was found suitable and safe, is used by the cadets and occasionally by the 14th Regiment ‘ The Princess of Wales Own Rifles,’ pending the acquisition of another range for the local militia.
- The gymnasium was visited and found to be in excellent condition, and replete with the most modern and complete equipment. The sub-target gun recommended last year has been provided and is now in use, though the Board regretted to notice that it was not in proper adjustment at the time of their inspection. subordinates’ quarters.
- The Board noted with great satisfaction that steps had been taken to build new quarters for the subordinates of the civil staff. These will consist of 2 rows of 8 self-contained houses each, upon which work was in progress at the time of the Board’s visit. When they are completed it is understood that the old buildings will be removed, which will be a great improvement to one side of the College grounds.
- The new stables are in the same condition as last year, and cannot be made use of until quarters are provided for the men who will look after the horses. It is understood that steps are now being taken to remedy this deficiency.
- The Board inspected the various buildings connected with the College, and on the whole found their condition to be generally good.
- The dormitory was visited and found in good order. A new system of ventilation has been installed, which appears to work satisfactorily. Such soft-wood floors as required renewal last year have been replaced by hard-wood during the summer of 1907. No complaint was received as to the temperature of the rooms during the past winter. The floors of the lavatories have been concreted.
- The main building was inspected and found in fair condition, the messman’s quarters, kitchen, pantries, and cold storage facilities being in fair condition and good order.
- A new system for the pasteurizing of the milk was also seen. It is not yet in proper working order because the new cooling apparatus is not yet installed. The Board would urge the immediate completion of this important adjunct.
- The attention of the Board was called to the feasibility of providing additional space for a draughting room by altering a part of the attic in the main building, and it would recommend that the Commandant be authorized to submit an estimate of the cost of the work, for the consideration of the Militia Council.
- The Board caused the fire alarm to be sounded unexpectedly, and the alacrity shown by the officers and cadets in going to their various posts was most praiseworthy. The hose and fire apparatus appeared to be in good order, and several streams of water were thrown to a good height in a very short time after the sounding of the alarm. The whole question of fire protection to the College, particularly to the buildings in the outer enclosure, has been submitted by the Commandant to Headquarters for consideration, as the protection outside the main or inner enclosure is entirely inadequate. The Board would urge the earliest possible action, in view of the danger in case of fire. It also recommends the provision of a few long ladders to enable the upper storeys of the main building to be easily reached from the outside. A number of portable fire extinguishers of the most modern and approved pattern should also be provided.
TRIP TO OTTAWA—VISIT OF SENATORS AND MEMBERS.
- The Board would again repeat its recommendation of last year with reference to the desirability of bringing the work of the College more prominently to the notice of Members of Parliament, Ministers of the Crown and other officials at Ottawa, and it would recommend that, if possible, a visit of the cadets be made to Ottawa during the session. If, on consideration, this should appear impracticable, it might be possible to arrange for a certain number of Senators and Members to visit Kingston and there see the cadets at work and exercise. In this way much of the admirable work done at the Royal Military College, not now familiar to our legislators, would become better known and appreciated.
- In concluding this report, the Board desires to record its appreciation of the assistance rendered by the Commandant and staff in facilitating its various inspections and investigations.
- The College generally was found to be in a condition of efficiency, the course of study and training mapped out judiciously, and calculated to equip a young man not only with the leading educational requirements for a successful career in almost any calling, but with self-reliance, self-respect and a good physique. The staff of professors and instructors, both military and civil, appeared adequate and thoroughly efficient, carrying out their duties with zeal and conscientiousness.
- The several recommendations in this report are made with a single eye to the increased efficiency of a national educational institution, the graduates of which, both as soldiers and engineers, in many parts of the Empire and the world, have reflected credit on their country.
- The Board takes this opportunity of calling the attention of the Militia Council, and the Government, to the fact that ere long an increased importance must accrue to the Royal Military College on account of the withdrawal of the Imperial troops and the assumption by the Canadian Government of the defence of the Dominion. It is not improbable that by the time our population has doubled, it may be deemed expedient to convert it into a Military College purely and exclusively, like Sandhurst and West Point. To the Board it appears more than probable that in the near future, the number of cadets seeking admission will so augment as to make it necessary to provide further accommodation.
- The College is both an admirable institution and a credit to the Dominion, and, steering a middle course between parsimony and extravagance, it should be upheld and maintained in a manner worthy alike of the good that it is doing and of its high place among Canadian colleges.
- W. D. OTTER, Brigadier-General, Chief of the General Staff.
- T. D. B. EVANS, Colonel, District Officer Commanding Military District No. 10.
- C. E. W. DODWELL, Resident Engineer, Public Works Dept., Halifax, N.S.
- C. P. CHOQTJETTE, President, College of St. Hyacinthe.
- CHARLES F. WINTER, Major, Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General, Acting Secretary.
Kingston, Ont., 30th May, 1908.