The Royal Military College of Canada, Annual Militia Reports, For 1909.


All buildings were kept in proper repair, including the salient walls at Fort Frederick, which needed pointing. It is proposed to place a 6-inch water main in the outer and inner enclosures of the college grounds, with hydrants conveniently placed, to afford fire protection to all buildings, as well as for flushing and domestic purposes. Regular tests are made of the water, and in only one instance has the filtered water shown any signs of contamination. The drinking water is, however, sterilized, in addition to being filtered.

Total expenditure, Royal Military College, 1908-9, $6,639.54.



Kingston, Ont., June 23, 1909.

  • From the Commandant, The Royal Military College,
  • To the Secretary, Militia Council, Ottawa.

Sir,—I have the honour to report as follows on the year ending June 30, 1909:—



  1. The number of Gentlemen Cadets on the strength in September, 1908, was 101. Two have since withdrawn. Thirty-one cadets leave the College in the ordinary course this month. Forty-two have passed the Entrance Examination out of a total of 51 who competed.


  1. The conduct and discipline of the cadets have been good.


  1. The results of the examinations have been, generally speaking, satisfactory.


  1. The standard has been, I consider, fully maintained.


  1. Major J. P. Shine, Royal Marine Light Infantry, has taken the place of Major
  2. A. W. Scott, Royal Marine Light Infantry, as Instructor in Infantry and Gymnastics.

Captain II. A. Kaulbach, ‘ The King’s Own Regiment,’ has taken the place of

Major F. D. Lafferty, Royal Canadian Artillery, as Adjutant.


  1. Diplomas of Graduation, with honours, have been awarded to the following:—
  • Company Segt.–Maj. C. E. Read.
  • Company Segt.–Maj. D. A. White.
  • Sergeant A. A. Anderson.
  • Corporal W. S. Lawrence.
  •  Cpl. L. H. Watts.

Diplomas of Graduation to the following:—

  • Battalion Sergeant-Major A. E. Grasett.
  • Company Sgt.-Maj. N. O. Reiffenstein.
  • Company Sgt.-Maj S. D. Parker.
  • Sergt. T. D. J- Ringwood.
  • Sergt. G. M. Ilutton.
  • ” H. D. G. Crearer.
  • ” J. A. L. Dansereau.
  • ” H. A. S. Wurtele.
  • ” J. C. Ball.
  • ” L. C. Goodeve.
  • Corporal N. G. H. Burnham.
  • “F. A. Wanklyn.
  • ” A. W. McEnight.
  • ” II. A. Fraser.
  • ” J D. P. Dunbar.
  • ” S. A. Hargraft.
  • Cadet J. A. MacKenzie.
  • ” E. C. Morgan.
  • ” N. McL. Sutherland.
  • ” K. W. Gunn.
  • ” D. J. McDonald.
  • ” W. H. Weller.
  • ” E. M. Watts.
  • ” E. H. Lancaster.
  • ” J. A. A. Cote.


  1. The following Gentlemen Cadets will be recommended for Commissions:—
  • Battalion Sergt.-Maj. A. E. Grasett, Royal Engineers.
  • Company ” N. O. Beiffenstein, Royal Canadian Artillery.
  • Sergeant H. A. S. Wurtele, Royal Field Artillery.
  • Corporal F. A. Wanklyn, Royal Field Artillery.
  • Sergeant G. M. Hutton, Indian Army.
  • Corporal W. S. Lawrence, Royal Canadian Engineers.
  • ” J. D. P. Dunbar, Royal Canadian Engineers.


  1. The College prizes have been awarded as follows:—

(a) The Sword of Honour for Conduct and Discipline, Battalion Sergeant-Major A. E. Grasett.

(6) Medals presented by His Excellency the Governor-General:—

  • Gold medal—Company Sergeant-Major C. E. Eead.
  • Silver medal—Company Sergeant-Major D. A. White.
  • Bronze medal—Corporal L. H. Watts.

(c) Class prizes for the highest marks in each class:—

  • 1st Class—Company Sergeant-Major C. E. Eead.
  • 2nd ” Corporal E. O. Wheeler.
  • 3rd ” Cadet L. A. Wilmot.

(d) Subject for the highest marks in the several subjects:—

  • 1st Class—Theoretical Military subjects, Company Sergeant-Maj or D. A. White.
  • 1st ” Military Engineering, Company Sergeant-Major C. E. Eead.
  • 1st ” Tactics and Eeconnaissance, Corporal F. A. Wanklyn.
  • 1st ” Drills, Exercises and Eractical Work, Battalion Sergeant-Major A. E. Grasett.
  • 1st ” Surveying, Sergeant A. A. Anderson.
  • 1st ” Civil Engineering, Corporal L. H. Watts.
  • 1st ” Physics, Corporal L. H. Watts.
  • 1st ” Chemistry, Cadet E. C. Morgan.
  • 2nd ” Military Administration and Military Law, Corporal E. O. Wheeler.
  • 2nd ” Military Surveying and Topography, Corporal E. O. Wheeler.
  • 2nd ” Mathematics and Mechanics, Lance-Corporal A. B. McEwan.
  • 2nd Class—Geometrical and Engineering Drawing, Corporal E. O. Wheeler.
  • 2nd ” French, Corporal E. O. Wheeler.
  • 3rd ” English, Cadet H. A. J. de Lotbiniere.
  • 3rd ” French, Cadet J. A. Dansereau.
  1. The Dundonald Mounted Patrol Competition was won by ‘ B ‘ Company, 1st team.
  2. The Challenge Shield, presented by the Hon. the Minister of Militia, for revolver practice, was won by Company Sergeant-Major D. A. White.
  3. The Eiding Challenge Cup, presented by Major Gr. B. Hooper, was won by Sergeant H. D. G. Crearer.
  1. The Ontario Government Cups for the best shot in each class in the annual musketry course were won as follows:—
  • 1st Class—Company Sergeant-Major D. A. White.
  • 2nd ” Corporal T. M. McAvity.
  • 3rd ” Cadet L. A. Wihnot.
  1. The Quebec Government Cups, to the three cadets making the highest score at 200, 500 and 600 yards at the annual rifle meeting were won as follows:—
  • 1st—Company Sergeant-Major D. A. White.
  • 2nd—Sergeant L. C. Goodeve.
  • 3rd ” T. D. J. Eingwood.
  1. The cups presented by Lieutenant-Colonel E. F. Wurtele, E.O., for the best, gymnast in each class, were won as follows:—
  • 1st Class—Cadet W. H. Weller.
  • 2nd ” Corporal C. B. Parr.
  • 3rd ” Cadet J. V. Young.
  1. The Inter-Company gymnastic competition for the Challenge Cup, presented by Major N. A. W. Scott, Royal Marine Light Infantry, was won by A Company.
  • I have the honour to be, sir, Your obedient servant, E. T. TAYLOE, Colonel Commandant, Royal Military College.


Royal Military College First Class ca 1880.

Royal Military College First Class ca 1880.




Ottawa, May 3, 1909.

The Secretary, The Militia Council.

Sir,—I have the honour to forward, herewith, the report of the meeting of the Board of Visitors to the Royal Military College held in March last. I have the honour to be, sir,

Your obedient servant, W. D. OTTER, Brigadier- General, Chairman Board of Visitors.


The Board assembled at the Royal Military College on March 24, 1909.


Chairman—Brigadier-General W. D. Otter, C.V.O., C.B., Chief of the General Staff.


  • Colonel E. Fiset, D.S.O., G.G.H.S., P.A.M.C, Deputy Minister of Militia and Defence.
  • Colonel T. Benson, Commanding Royal Canadian Artillery.
  • C. E. W. Dodwell, Esq., B.A., M.I.C.E., M. Can. S… C.E.
  • The Rev. C. P. Choquette, M.A.L.S., President of the College of St. Hyacinthe.

Secretary—Major C. F. Winter, Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General.

  • Colonel E. T. Taylor, the Commandant of the College, was, also, in attendance.

The Board made careful enquiry extending over throe days, and their conclusions are as follows:—




  1. The better Jo accord with the educational system of the Province of Quebec, it is recommended that the age for admission to the College be from 16 to 21, instead of from 16 to 20 as heretofore.


  1. In the syllabus for the entrance examination no change is proposed.
  2. No change is considered necessary in the present syllabus of instruction nor in the present allotment of time and marks.


  1. The Board considers it desirable that steps should be taken to enable the senior Cadets, before being gazetted to commissions, to gain a knowledge of their duties, as officers, in the interior economy, discipline, &c, of a regiment or battery.




  1. The present course opened last September with a record attendance of a hundred and one Cadets, two of whom, however, have since been withdrawn. All the Provinces, even the Yukon Territory, are represented; but the quota from the Province of Quebec is disproportionately small. It is gratifying to note that five out of the thirty-eight Cadets who gained admission last September are sons of ex-cadets. This is valuable testimony to the high opinion entertained by men best capable of judging of the excellent educational advantages offered by the College.


  1. The Commandant reported to the Board that the discipline of the cadets was satisfactory; that the members of the senior classes had shown no favouritism, and had been of great assistance to himself and the company officers; that there had been no serious cases of misconduct, and that the percentage of minor offences had decreased. So far as the Board could ascertain the relations between the several classes were harmonious. There seems to be a good feeling between Cadets and Professors, and the objectionable practices of ‘ hazing ‘ and ‘ fagging ‘ are things of the past.


  1. Messing arrangements have now been taken over by the Permanent Army Service Corps, and the Commandant reported that the new system was working very well. In the opinion of the Board, the change which has been made is a great improvement. The food is adequate, both in quantity and quality, and the Cadets express themselves as perfectly satisfied.


  1. With regard to the clothing supplied by the contractors, it was represented that the cloth is poor, and that the price charged for gold lace is excessive; that the trousers intended for use in the gymnasium are made of inferior material; and that the boots, or some of them, are of indifferent quality. The Board found, after careful inspection, that the tunics issued in the previous September had not lasted well, and that the trousers worn in the gymnasium shrank very much in the wash. The system in vogue is not satisfactory. It is recommended that cloth, gold lace, and other material should be bought by the Department, supplied to the Cadets on repayment, and made up in accordance with sealed patterns. It is also recommended that the Cadets should wear boots of the same kind as are manufactured by the Slater Shoe Company for issue to the Permanent Force.


  1. The means of recreation are excellent, though a commodious, but cheaply constructed wooden building for use as a skating rink in winter, and as a drill shed in wet weather, is still a desiratum. The boat-houses are in such a state of dilapidation and decay as to be almost useless, and their renewal, or thorough repair, is urgently required. The Board would recommend that these matters receive the prompt attention of the Department.


  1. The cadets appeared to be happy and contented. Except as regards clothing (paragraph 8), they made no complaints.


  1. The Commandant informed the Board that he continued to be well supported by his staff of professors and instructors, all of whom appeared to be devoted to their work. Technical instruction is provided on a system admirably arranged, and in some of the classes there has been a noticeable improvement since last year.


  1. As regards the pay of the Commandant, the Board desires to repeat the recommendation which was made last year:—

‘Notwithstanding that the Commandant and Military Professors made no application for any improvement in their respective positions, the Board is of the opinion that the appointment of Commandant of the Royal Military College deserves special consideration by the Department. The emoluments of this important office are the same to-day as at the date of the establishment of the college, thirty years ago, though the cost of living has increased nearly 40 per cent since that time. The Commandant has many claims upon him, and he should be sustained in the matter of pay in such a manner as to enable him to discharge them with dignity and a liberality befitting the position. The Board considers that an increase of 25 per cent in the emoluments of the Commandant would be no more than is warranted by the additional cost of living, &c, since the present rate of pay was fixed in 1878, and it recommends this for favourable consideration.’


  1. The Board was approached with regard to the provision of pensions for members of the civil staff. Last year’s report contains a strong recommendation, which is now reiterated, that pensions ought to be provided.


  1. Questions arose relating to the emoluments of the civil staff. It was represented that, in view of the enhanced cost of living, salaries had been increased under the new Civil Service Act, and that, having regard to their duties and responsibilities, the members of the civil staff were inadequately paid. The Board concurs, and the following rates are recommended:—
  • First Grade.—$2,800 to $3,500 per annum. Professors of : Mathematics, Mechanics and Astronomy; Civil Engineering and Architecture; Physics and Chemistry.
  • Second Grade.—$2,000 to $2,500 per annum. Associate Professors of French and English.
  • Third Grade.—$1,500 to $2,000. Assistant Professors; Instructors in Mathematics, Chemistry and Civil Engineering.

It is further recommended that, with the approval of the Commandant, the salaries in each grade should advance by yearly increases of $100 until the maximum is reached.


Royal Military College, Church Parade 1899.

Royal Military College, Church Parade 1899.




  1. The Cadets were seen at drill under their own non-commissioned officers, and they presented a highly creditable appearance. All of them were present on parade except one, who was on ‘ light duty.’ They were steady in the ranks, and the non-commissioned officers gave their words of command with clearness and confidence. Movements were carried out with precision and the ‘ march-past ‘ was very well performed.


  1. Owing to the inclemency of the weather, there was no mounted parade, but the Commandant reported that fair progress was being made in equitation. It is very desirable that horses should be provided for the special use of the Cadets, and kept in the new college stables.


  1. The Board visited the gymnasium, and watched the Cadets perform. The second and third classes gave an admirable display of ‘ free gymnastics ‘ and ‘ vaulting the horse.’ The general physique of the Cadets is good, and the manner in which they went through their exercises reflects great credit on their instructors.


  1. The Commandant reported that on the day previous to the Board’s visit, he had caused the ‘fire-alarm ‘ to be sounded, and that everything went well. The Board, therefore, did not consider it necessary to repeat the experiment.


  1. A good deal of attention is bestowed on musketry. After a thorough course of preliminary instruction, the third class fires sixteen practices (five rounds at each practice) at distances varying from 100 to 600 yards. The first and second classes expend a similar number of rounds in a course of practices rather more difficult. The standard of proficiency reached may be judged from the average percentage obtained, namely:—
  • 1st Class 49-95.
  • 2nd Class 47-34.
  • 3rd Class 47-96.


  1. The Medical Health Officer submitted, through the Commandant, a satisfactory report.


  1. In the opinion of the Board, a Cadet should be required to produce a certificate(signed by a medical practitioner) that ho has been successfully vaccinated not more than two years prior to the date of his admission to the College, and it is recommended that a clause to the foregoing effect be inserted in the College Regulations.


  1. It is also recommended that the following be added as sub-para. (4) to paragraph

40 of the College Regulations:—

‘ In cases of illness or physical disability contracted before admission to the College, but not detected on medical examination, and of such a nature as to interfere with studies or military exercises.’


  1. In connection with the buildings, quarters, dormitory, class-rooms, &c, the sanitary arrangements were found satisfactory.


  1. As regards the supply of drinking water, the present system of filtration, sterilization and distribution gives good results. The Board visited the pumpinghouse, inspected the filters, and found everything correct. The Commandant reported that no case of illness had been traced to impure water, and all cause for anxiety in this connection appears to have been removed.


  1. Before being issued the milk is pasteurized, and the purity of the supply is thereby guaranteed. The Board inspected the apparatus and found everything clean and in good working order; but it is suggested that at would be better if the bottles in which the milk is kept were provided with stoppers of some kind.


  1. In the preparation of food, the Board made it their business to ascertain that proper sanitary precautions were not neglected.


RMC of Canada Winter of 1910.

RMC of Canada Winter of 1910.




  1. With the ninety-nine cadets at present in residence, there is not much room to spare. At a pinch, however, eleven more could be admitted, making a total of one hundred and ten; but this would tax the dining-room accommodation to its utmost limit.


  1. The Board visited the several class rooms, and found them well heated and ventilated.


The dormitory was clean and comfortable. The new cupboards give the room a neat and tidy appearance. The hardwood flooring has not yet been completed.


  1. Situated as it is on an upper floor of the main building, the library is, in the opinion of the Board, in the wrong place. In a commodious and suitable room on a lower floor, it would afford easier access and permit the construction of better and more convenient shelves. It is in charge of the Professor of English who takes much interest in it. The rules regulating the issue of books appear to work in a satisfactory manner.


  1. The hospital was very clean and in perfect order. There were no patients.


  1. Stables were completed three years ago, but they cannot be utilized because accommodation has not yet been provided for the men who are to take charge of the horses. Quarters should be built as soon as possible.


  1. The various College buildings are, on the whole, in a good state of repair. But in rear of the dormitory there is an old boat-house, which is in a tumble-down condition.




  1. The engine-house and pumping-station, as well as arrangements for heating and lighting, are under the entire control of the Public Works Department. The system is productive of many inconveniences which militate against efficiency. It is strongly recommended that the department concerned should give instructions to the engineers and firemen whom it employs at the College that they are to take their orders from the Commandant.


  1. Last year the Board called attention to the fact that, in case of fire, the buildings in the outer enclosure would be practically unprotected, but no action appears to have open taken towards giving effect to the recommendations which were then put forward. The execution of the scheme for carrying water to the outer enclosure should be no longer delayed.


  1. With the foregoing exception the system of fire protection appears to be satisfactory.

But the hose stored at the various stations would be less liable to crack if it were not laid flat; and the Board repeats the recommendation which it made last year, that portable fire extinguishers of modern type should be provided.




  1. The gun shed and artillery armament were found in good condition. The armament comprises sufficient material for instructional purposes.


  1. The model shed was in good order; so also was the Engineer equipment, with the exception of the bridging spars, the supply of which should be renewed.


  1. The Board visited the several rooms allotted to the Professor of Chemistry.

The laboratory was well equipped and there was nothing wrong with the apparatus.

But much of the latter is no longer used, owing to the shortness of the College course, a circumstance which is to be regretted.


  1. The equipment of the work-shop was very complete, and the carpentry work done by the Cadets proved their interest in, and the excellence of, the manual training thus afforded. Cupboards and study chairs for use in the Cadets’ bed-rooms were being made in the shop and turned out in a very creditable and workmanlike manner.




  1. Owing to bad weather and the season of the year, it was difficult for the

Board to judge of the condition of the grounds, but the Commandant reported that he had sufficient men to keep them in good order.


  1. The Board visited the wharf and shore-line, at the back of the dormitory, on Navy Bay, and found everything in a very dilapidated condition, a portion of the wharf being washed away and the whole water-front requiring attention and repair. Notwithstanding that the Board has reported for several years upon these matters, nothing has yet been done, and the shore is suffering encroachment and buildings are tumbling down. The general appearance of this part of the premises reflects anything but credit on the College.

The Board was informed that plans had been prepared and tenders invited for the reconstruction in concrete of the shore-wall, and it is strongly recommended that prompt action be no longer deferred.


  1. The rifle range appears to be in a satisfactory condition and to be reasonably free from danger.




  1. In order that the heads of educational establishments may be made acquainted with the syllabus for the entrance examination, it is recommended that copies of the yearly report on the examination for admission to the College should be issued by the Commandant to colleges, seminaries and preparatory schools through out the Dominion, and that copies intended for issue in the Province of Quebec should be translated into French.


  1. The courses of instruction held at Kingston for the benefit of officers are a great boon to the Militia, but they must not be allowed to encroach, to an undue extent, on the time and attention which the Military Professors should devote to the Cadets. The interests of the latter must be paramount; and if, as is not unlikely, the number of courses is increased, the College staff should be reinforced.


  1. In the last year’s report reference was made to the desirability of bringing the admirable work done at the College more prominently to the notice of the Ministers of the Crown, Senators, members of Parliament and other officials at Ottawa; and the Board ventures to suggest that representatives of the Senate and the House of Commons should pay a visit to Kingston next June at the time of graduation. That would be to the advantage of the country if the value of the institution were to become better understood and more fully appreciated.


  1. During the present Commandant’s tenure of appointment, which expires in October next, a marked improvement has been noticed at the College. The cadets have increased in number and improved in discipline; the opinion in which they are held is evidenced by the ease with which they obtain employment, after graduation, as surveyors and civil engineers; and Colonel Taylor is to be congratulated on the high standard which, largely through his personal influence, has been attained.
  1. In conclusion, the Chairman and Members of the Board desire to expresstheir thanks to Commandant and Staff for assistance rendered.
  • W. D. OTTEE, Brigadier-General, Chairman, Board of Visitors, B.M.C., 1909.
  • EUG. FISET, Colonel, Deputy Minister, Militia and Defence.
  • T. BENSON, Colonel, Commanding Royal Canadian Artillery.
  • C. E. W. DODWELL, Resident Engineer, Public Works Dept., Halifax, N.S.
  • C. P. CHOQUETTE, President of the College of St. Hyacinthe.
  • CHAELES F. WINTEE, Major, Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General, Secretary.

Ottawa, Ont., 3rd May, 1909.







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