The Royal Military College of Canada, Annual Militia Reports, For 1910.


Kingston, Ont., June 23, 1910.

  • From the Commandant Royal Military College,
  • To the Secretary Militia Council, Ottawa.

Sir,—I have the honour to submit the following report on the Royal Military College for the year 1909-10:—



  1. During the past year there has been one change in the Staff of the College. Major E. N. Mozley has been succeeded by Captain R. C. Hammond of the Royal Engineers as Instructor in Military Engineering.
  2. Major T. B. Wood, Royal Artillery, and Captain W. Robertson, Royal Engineers, both of the Imperial General Staff, have lately joined us. Their work will lie principally with the officers of the Dominion Forces, but they will, also, give lectures from time to time to the cadets.
  3. I regret to say that, at the end of this term, the College loses the services of Major de Bury and Captain Russell-Brown, the Professors of Tactics and Artillery and of Surveying, and I take this opportunity of expressing my regret at their departure and thanking them for the excellent work they have done while they have been in Canada.


  1. The number of cadets at the commencement of the year was 105, and of these one has been withdrawn under circumstances which have already been reported, and one cadet has been sent home on the recommendation of the Medical Officer, but will return next term. Twenty-five cadets are now leaving the College, having completed the full course.
  2. The number of candidates who presented themselves at the Entrance Examination for admission in September next was 60, and two additional candidates, who did not take the Entrance Examination, applied, on the strength of matriculation, at universities. Of the GO who competed for admission, 43 have satisfied the examiners, and the quality of the work is reported to be above the average. Owing, however, to lack of accommodation, this number cannot be admitted.


  1. The conduct and discipline of the cadets during the year has been very good.


  1. The results of the yearly examinations are satisfactory. A certain number of the ‘recruit’ class will be required to repeat the first year’s course, partly owing to inadequate preparation prior to admission, and partly on account of lack of sufficient application to their work. It is essential that, before a cadet starts on the work of the second year, he should be thoroughly well grounded, and there is no doubt that the repetition of the first year’s course, ensuring a good basis on which to build, is time veil spent. The senior class have all graduated.
  2. Owing to the unfortunate illness of the French professor towards the end of the term, the cadets were placed at a disadvantage in that subject, but arrangements have been made to prevent the individuals suffering through no fault of their own.


  1. The cadets have been inspected by General Sir John French, and representatives of Australia and South Africa, both at drill and gymnastics; in addition to which, public performances were given at Ottawa. On all occasions they acquitted themselves in a thoroughly satisfactory manner.
  2. Owing to the lack of a covered riding school, and the difficulties which have existed with regard to horses and riding establishment staff, there is room for improvement in equitation. With the advent of the necessary horses and the instructional personnel on the spot, the horsemastership of the cadets will be raised to a very different standard, provided that the personnel possess the necessary qualifications.
  3. The College has more than held its own in the matter of games and outdoor sports during the past year, carrying off the Inter-Collegiate Football and Lawn Tennis, and being in the finals of the Inter-Collegiate Hockey.
  4. The Squash Racquet Courts for which the College is indebted to private subscription, have been completed, and provide the means of healthy recreation, though only to a limited number, during the winter months.
  5. The need for a covered drill shed, which can also be used as a rink, has been recognized, and it is hoped that this work may be carried out before next winter.


  1. As has been previously reported, extra accommodation is urgently needed. As pointed out above, it has been found necessary to reject candidates, who are in every way qualified for admission, owing to the want of space, and it is only by crowding in an undesirable manner that the number now in residence can be accommodated.
  2. I consider that the men who graduate here and successfully pass through our course are an invaluable asset to the country, whatever their future calling, and that their number should not be limited by the want of quarters in which to house them.


  1. This year, for the first time, every graduate who is not entering the Imperial Service or the Permanent Force takes a commission in the Active Militia, where it is anticipated that he will prove of great value, and do credit to the training which he has received at the Royal Military College.
  1. The following gentlemen cadets will be recommended for commissions:—
  • Battalion Sergeant-Major F. 0. Wheeler, Royal Engineers.
  • Company Sergeant-Major A. S. C. Rogers, Indian Army.
  • Sergeant C. S. Hanson, Cavalry (Imperial).
  • Sergeant H. P. Lafferty, R.C.H.A.
  • Corporal W. B. Maekie, Artillery (Imperial).
  • Cadet H. P. Holt, Cavalry (Imperial).
  • Cadet H. B. Boswell, R.C.F.
  1. The following diplomas have been awarded:—

With Honours.

  • Battalion Sergeant-Major E. O. Wheeler.
  • Company Sergeant-Major A. B. IMcEwen
  • Sergeant H. H. Lawson.
  • J. W. Boss.
  • Corporal C. B. Archibald.
  • Sergeant C. S. Hanson.
  • Company Sergeant-Major J. K. Bertram
  • Corporal W. B. Mackie.
  • A. P. O. Meredith.
  • Sergeant T. S. Morrisey.

Diplomas of graduation.

  • Sergeant H. P. Lafferty.
  • ” E. A. Greene.
  • Cadet A. D. Fisken.
  • ” H. P. Holt.
  • ” H. Peters.
  • ” H. B. Boswell.
  • ” A. C. Campbell.
  • Company Sergeant-Major T. M. McAvity
  • Sergeant C. B. Parr.
  • Cadet W. E. Blue.
  • Lance-Corporal W. M. C. Monk.
  • Corporal J. F. Adams.
  • Company Sergeant-Major A. S. C. Rogers
  • Cadet A. F. Nation.
  • Sergeant W. E. Steaey.



  1. Sword of Honour for Conduct and Discipline, Battalion Sergeant-Major E. O. Wheeler.

His Excellency the Governor-General’s Medals:—

  • 1st Class, Battalion Sergeant-Major E. O. Wheeler, Gold Medal.
  • 1st ” Company Sergeant-Major A. B. McEwen, Silver Medal.
  • 1st ” Sergeant H. H. Lawson, Bronze Medal.

Class Prizes:—

  • 1st Class, Battalion Sergeant-Major E. O. Wheeler.
  • 2nd Class, Cadet L. A. Wilmot.
  • 3rd Class, Cadet S. F. C. Sweeny.

Military Subjects:—

  • 1st Class, Battalion Sergeant-Major E. 0. Wheeler.

Military Engineering:—

  • 1st Class, Battalion Sergt.-Maj. E. O. Wheeler.

Tactics and Reconnaissance:—

  • 1st Class, Battalion Sergeant-Major E. O. Wheeler.


  • 1st Class, Battalion Sergeant-Major E. O. Wheeler.

Drills, Exorcises and Practical Work:—

  • 1st Class, Battalion Sergeant-Major E. O. Wheeler.

Military Administration and Military Law:—

  • 2nd Class, Cadet IT. A. Joly de Lotbiniere.

Field Sketching’ and Map Reading:—

  • 2nd Class, Cadet H. E. Silver.


  • 1st Class, Battalion Sergeant-Major E. O. Wheeler.


  • 1st Class, Battalion Sergeant-Major E. 0. Wheeler


  • 1st Class, Company Sergeant-Major A. B. McEwen

Civil Engineering:—

  • 1st Class, Battalion Sergeant-Major E. O. Wheeler

Mathematics and Mechanics:—

  • 2nd Class, Corporal J. Y. Young.

Geometrical and Engineering Drawing:—

  • 2nd Class, Cadet L. A. Wilmot.


  • 2nd Class, Cadet J. A. Dansereu.


  • 3rd Class, Cadet S. F. C. Sweeny.


  • 3rd Class, Cadet E. M. Haultain.

Medals presented by the Alliance Française of Paris for highest aggregate during the entire course:—

  • 1st—Battalion Sergeant-Major E. O. Wheeler.
  • 2nd—Cadet II. P. Holt.

Boxing, Novices, Light, 1910, won by A. B. Boggs.

  • ” Heavy, 1910, won by C. V. Bishop.
  • ” Featherweight, 1910, won by H. S. Windeler.
  • ” Lightweight, 1910, won by II. C. Lefroy.
  • ” Welterweight, 1910, won by R. W. Powell.
  • ” Middleweight. 1910, won by J. V. Young.
  • ” Heavyweight, 1910, won by A. S. C. Rogers.

Bayonet Fighting, 1910, won by A. B. McEwen.

Fencing, 1910, won by H. P. Lafferty.

Ontario Cups (Best shot in each class):—

  • 1st Class, W. E. Blue.
  • 2nd Class, H. W. Macpherson.
  • 3rd Class, S. F. C. Sweeny.

Quebec Cups (Championship shooting’):—

  • 1st, S. F. C. Sweeny.
  • 2nd, H. A. Joly de Lotbinieie.
  • 3rd, C. W. G. Gibson.

Tennis Singles:— won by Company Sergeant-Major T.M. McAvity.

Revolver Shield:— won by Cadet C. W. G. Gibson.

Dundonald Bowl:— won by ‘B’ Company’, Company Sergeant-Major A. B. McEwen.

Riding Cup:— won by Company Sergeant-Major A. B. McEwen.

Gymnastic Cup:— won by ‘C’ Company, Battalion Sergeant-Major E.O. Wheeler.

Company Musketry Shield:— won by ‘D’ Company. (Company .Sergeant-Major T. M. McAvity.

Company Musketry Shield:— won by ‘D’ Company, C.S.M. McAvity.

Artillery Challenge Cup:— won by Cadet W. E. Blue.

  • I am, sir, your obedient servant, J. H. Y. CROWE, Lieut.-Colonel, General Staff, Commandant, Royal Military College.


Mackenzie Building, Royal Military College of Canada, in 1899.

Mackenzie Building, Royal Military College of Canada, in 1899.




Ottawa, June 6, 1910.

The Secretary, The Militia Council.

Sir,—I have the honour to forward, herewith, report of the meeting- of the Board of Visitors, Royal Military College, held in the month of May last.

  • I have the honour to be, sir. Your obedient servant, SAM. HLTGHES, Colonel. Chairman Board of Visitors.



The Board assembled at the Royal Military College, Kingston, Ont., at 9.45 a.m. May 16, 1910.


Chairman.— Colonel S. Hughes, M.P., Railway Intelligence Officer, Headquarters Staff.

Members.— Colonel E. W. Rutherford, Master-General of the Ordnance.

  1. E. W. Dodwell, Esq., M.LC.E., Halifax, N.S.

Supernumerary.— Major P.W.G. Pinnock, Commonwealth Forces of Australia,

Hobart, Tasmania (Exchange Officer).


  • Major C. F. Winter, Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General, Headquarters.
  • Colonel T. Benson, Officer Commanding Eastern Ontario Command, and the
  • Rev. C. P. Choquette, M.A., President of the College of Ste. Hyacinthe, P.Q., were prevented by other duties from attending.
  • Lieut.-Colonel J. H. V. Crowe, R.A., the Commandant of the College, was in attendance.

The Board for two days made careful inspection of the grounds and buildings, and instituted inquiries into the various departments of the institution, and submit their conclusions as follows:—

Introductory Observations.

  1. The Board desire to preface their remarks upon the College as seen at their annual visit by recording their opinion that the time has now arrived for serious consideration of the present congested condition of the establishment, and the increased accommodation required, if the Royal Military College is in the future to adequately provide for the military and civil training of the youth of Canada, as contemplated and intended by its founders. With the growth of the Dominion, the increase of population, the enlargement of Canadian military responsibilities, and the increasing number of candidates competing at the annual Entrance Examinations for a much smaller number of vacancies, it is considered that it would be but the part of wisdom to begin now to provide for that expansion, the necessity for which can already be plainly seen. With this end in view the Board submit that:—

(a) A general plan of the College Grounds and Buildings as may be considered necessary to meet increased requirements for, say, the next century, or for 200 percent increase in attendance, should be prepared, in order that additions which may be made from time to time will conform to an approved ideal plan as to site, style of architecture employed, and general symmetry in design, appearance, &c. The grounds are well adapted to the ends in view, but a definite plan for future enlargement is necessary.

(b) The advantages to be derived from the residence of professors within the College domain are so great that the question of providing quarters for all the staff of the institution, both married and single, should be seriously considered. At present seven professors are living away from the College and drawing lodging allowances. To adequately meet future requirements provision should be made for their residence within the College domain, where very suitable building sites may be had.


  1. In accordance with the Board’s recommendation last year, the age for admission to the College has been extended from 16-21 years, instead of 16-20 as formerly. The Board consider, that, under existing conditions, 17 is the best age for a cadet to join, as he is then sufficiently mature to enable him to keep up in all departments of the work without difficulty or strain.
  2. All the obligatory subjects must be taken up. To qualify, each candidate must obtain not less than 33 per cent of the aggregate marks allotted to the obligatory subjects.
  1. As recommend last year, the qualifying minimum in geography, history, English, and French has been raised from 25 per cent to 33 per cent.
  2. The Board consider it desirable that German should be made an optional subject for the entrance examination; also that a paper on ‘ general knowledge’ should be set, similar to the one provided for candidates undergoing the examination in England for entrance to Sandhurst and Woolwich.


6. The Commandant reported that, as n whole, the syllabus of instruction followed during the past year had been similar to that of the year previous. The hours devoted to the different subjects are as follows: 


Purely civil subjects…….. Hours, 1,000. Subjects required for both civil and military work, e.g., mathematics, surveying, English, &c Hours. 1,350. Military subjects Hours, 650.

  1. The Board consider it desirable that the study of Military History should be provided for. At present no campaign is studied, and, although details of the Military Art are taught in connection with Tactics, Reconnaissance, &c., their application is not well shown. The study of some specific campaign would remedy this. Time for this extra subject could be found, the Commandant thought, by reducing the number of hours devoted to English in the cadets’ second year.
  2. The Board recommend that the study of Military History be inaugurated, but hesitate to name the subjects from which the necessary time may be taken.
  3. During the past year a course of lecturing by cadets has been introduced, with a view to training the cadet to impart knowledge to others and to acquire necessary confidence in himself. Results from this have been highly beneficial, as have also been those from a debating society which has been established among the cadets.
  4. The Board recommended to the Commandant the desirability of reviving the practice of periodic conferences of professors and instructors to ensure co-operation in instruction, all to avoid overlapping of studies, as well as for the general advantage of the College.

Attachment of Cadets to Militia Units.

  1. Last year the Board recommended that the senior Cadets should be attached for a time to a unit of the Permanent Force prior to their graduation, but difficulties have been found in carrying this out. This year arrangements have been made for 26 cadets of the senior and second year classes to be attached to units of the Active Militia at Camps of Instruction. The commandant is strongly of the opinion that the best results will only be obtained if graduates are attached to permanent corps prior to serving in a training camp with the Active Militia. The Board agree with the Commandant in deprecating the attachment of first year cadets (recruits) to any Militia units.

Commissions in Permanent Corps.

  1. With a view to afford some inducement to cadets to enter the Permanent Force, the Board would repeat its recommendation of a previous year that some portion of the College fees paid during a cadet’s course should be refunded to any cadet accepting a commission in the Permanent Force of Canada within one year of his graduation from the Royal Military College. A sum sufficient to purchase the necessary uniform of the Corps to which he might be appointed would be reasonable.


  1. Lieut.-Colonel J. H. V. Crowe, E.A., the Commandant, took over charge in October last.
  2. Major E. N. Mozely, R.E.. has been replaced as Professor of Military Engineering- and Musketry by Captain K. C. Hammond, R.E.
  3. Two general staff officers, 2nd grade, Major T. B. Wood, R.A., and Captain Robertson, R.E., have joined the College Staff for special duties in connection with the instruction of militia officers. Their duties are in connection with the preparation of candidates for the Imperial Staff College, Militia Staff Courses, Military Instruction at Universities, Officers’ Long Course, and Special Courses which way be provided for Active Militia Officers, &c. As has been remarked in previous reports of the Board of Visitors, the College Staff were enable properly to provide for the instruction of officer’s of the Militia in addition to the instruction of the cadets. It is anticipated that the services of these general staff officers will be most valuable.
  4. In the retirement of Honorary Lieutenant Birtles, after a service of upwards of 30 years, the College loses a valued instructor. In his place a foreman of works is much required.
  5. The Board are pleased to note that an increase has been made in the emoluments of the Commandant; but would respectfully point out that even with this increase, and considering values and cost of living here and in England, the present Commandant is about £200 per annum worse off than in his last appointment as Commanding Officer of an Artillery Brigade at Aldershot. It should not be possible for such comparisons to be made.
  6. The case of the Quartermaster, Lieutenant Hennessy, Canadian Army Pay Corps, was drawn to the attention of the Board with respect to pension, his case not being covered by the Militia Pension Act and amendments. It is understood this officer’s case is familiar to  Headquarters and the Board trust that means may be found to afford a deserving officer the relief required.
  7. The Commandant reported himself as well supported by his Staff of Professions and Instructors.



  1. The present number of cadets upon the roll is the largest in the history of the College, viz.: 103. This number fully takes up all the dining-room accommodation. The dormitory accommodation is not nearly sufficient; 48 of the cadets being obliged to sleep two in a room. This emphasizes very strongly the need of increased accommodation.


  1. The cadets were seen on parade (102 strong); in their class-rooms; and at work, surveying, &c. On parade they presented a very steady, soldierly appearance, and gave implication of being well grounded in infantry drill. The words of command of the cadet officers were well given, and the movements were performed very creditably.
  2. Representative cadets of the different classes were interviewed by the Board, and expressed themselves as generally contented and satisfied.
  3. A list of measurements and weights of the cadets of the 3rd class was submitted by the Staff Adjutant. This list showed the age, weight, and measurements taken at the time of the cadets’ first joining in August last, and also the same data for May 10, 1910. The average results were as follows:—
  • Class of 39 cadets; average age. 18 years and 8 months.
  • Average height. August. 1900, .5 feet 8 inches,
  • ” ” May, 1910. 5 feet 8, 7-10 inches.
  • Average increase, 7-10 inches.
  • Average weight, August, 1909, 134-3 pounds.
  • ” May, 1910, 143-6 pounds.
  • Average increase, 9-3 pounds.
  • Average chest measurement. May, 1909, 32-5 inches.
  • ” measurement. May, 1910, 36-5 inches.
  • Average increase, 4 inches.


  1. The Commandant reported the discipline of the cadets as quite satisfactory. Since he had taken command in October last, but one serious ease required punishment had been dealt with. The officers in charge of companies were well supported by the senior cadets and there was a good feeling throughout all ranks. From inquire made by the Board its members feel sure that there are no objectionable practices of ‘hazing’ and ‘fagging’ being carried on, and, from all they could learn, there exists an excellent feeling of camaraderie and esprit de corps throughout the whole establishment.
  2. Indeed in every class year, on the part of the cadets themselves, there seems to be a strong healthy spirit to uphold and maintain honourable and manly character among the young gentlemen in attendance, and, also, a very healthy spirit of mutual confidence and esteem between Commandant, Staff, and Senior and Junior Cadets.


The cadets, Royal Military College, 1901, Kingston Ont..

The cadets, Royal Military College, 1901, Kingston Ont..



  1. The messing arrangements as now conducted by the Canadian Permanent Army Service Corps were reported as, on the whole, very satisfactory. Some complaint had been made during March and April last about the quality of the veal provided, but this was quickly rectified. The milk is pasteurized and all water used is sterilized. The cadets, upon being interrogated by the Board, considered that, on the whole, the messing was very good. The Board are of the opinion that it would be well to have the ice supply for the College cut and stored by the Canadian Permanent Army Service Corps. If this could be done another year, it is believed it would be an improvement.
  2. A table of diet for the cadets was shown the Board. It exhibited a sufficient variety. All food brought to the College is carefully inspected by the Quartermaster, and the Board consider that proper value for the payment made for messing is now being obtained.
  3. The Board recommend that a provision of fruit be made for the cadets’ breakfast, and a variety in the biscuits served at 11 o’clock luncheon. It is considered this might well be done for the present rate of 50 cents per diem.
  4. The clothing as now supplied the cadets appears to give satisfaction, with the exception of the blue serge undress, the cloth of which does not wear well, and the Commandant suggested that, for undress wear, it would be preferable to have khaki service dress with the khaki peak cap. The full dress clothing was reported as satisfactory, with the exception of the gold lace, which is said to be inferior. The Board would again repeat their recommendation of last year, viz. : that cloth, gold lace, and other material should be purchased by the Department, supplied to the cadets on repayment, and made up in accordance with sealed patterns. It was observed that few of the tunics buttoned correctly, the line deflected towards the left, causing an untidy appearance.
  5. The employment of a master tailor at the College may, in the near future, with the increased attendance expected, become necessary.
  6. Complaint was made by some of the cadets that the boots provided were clumsy and not sufficiently smart in appearance, but they seem to wear well.
  7. An universal request made by cadets interviewed was for the provision of a soft felt hat for use when at work surveying, during practical instruction in engineering, equitation, &c. The present service cap affords little protection to the head, falls off at equitation or when surveying, and is unpopular.


  1. The Board understand that provision has been made for the erection of the combined skating rink and drill shed recommended in previous reports. It is most desirable that this building should be erected during the present summer.
  2. The boat-houses continue in a state of dilapidating and decay, and are almost useless. They are unsightly, and should be replaced by more modern structures. These are referred to in connection with a succeeding paragraph with regard to the water front on Navy bay.
  3. The Squash Racquet Court presented to the cadets by a number of Montreal friends and admirers has been taken into use and is very much appreciated.

Drill and Exercises.

  1. As referred to in a previous paragraph the cadets were seen at drill under their own officers and gave every evidence of being well grounded in Infantry Drill.
  2. The facilities for Garrison Artillery drill are not adequate, and the Garrison puns at present stored in the old Gun Shed on the water front are not calculated to impress a cadet very much with Garrison Artillery work. It is recommended that one or two groups of Coast Defence guns be mounted within the Fort Frederick enclosure for instructional purposes, so that training in that branch can be carried cut to better advantage.
  3. The Board consider that the disinclination shown by cadets going into the Permanent Force to apply for commissions in the Garrison Artillery has been largely due to the neglect with which this branch of instruction has been treated in the past.


  1. The entire senior class, 26 in number, was seen at Equitation.
  2. The stables and riding establishment buildings referred to in previous reports have now been completed, and 10 horses have been purchased for the College and are at present being trained by the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery.


  1. The cadets of the third class were seen at exercise in the Gymnasium. They performed very creditably, considering the short time since their admission to the College. The course followed seems well calculated to build up the physique and benefit the health of the cadets.
  2. The Commandant reported that fire drill was regularly performed and a ‘fire alarm’ had been practised only a few days before the Board’s visit. In view if this it was not considered necessary to repeat the experiment. The hose and appliance.? appear in good working order.


  1. Musketry returns for the 1st and 2nd classes show a total of 60 cadets exercised. The 1st class, with a strength of 26 cadets, earned a figure of merit of 218-07; the 2nd class with a strength of 34 cadets had an average figure of merit of 219.5. The cadets in these two classes are classified by their rifle shooting as follows:—
  • 1st. Class.—?, marksmen, 12 first-class shots, 9 second-class shots, and 2 third class shots.
  • 2nd Class.—5 marksmen. 14 first-class shots, 11 second-class, and 3 third-class shots.
  1. The Board consider this a very creditable showing. The best shot in the College during the year was No. 818, Cadet H. W. Macpherson.


  1. The Medical Officer reported that, during the past year, the health of all within the College enclosure had been excellent. There had been no serious illnesses and no cases of typhoid. Since the first of September last there had been 106 admissions to the College hospital. These were, however, mainly minor cases of colds, sprains, &c. Only in one case was any serious development feared, when the cadet in question was sent home for three months’ leave of absence.
  2. The sanitary arrangements in connection with the buildings, class-rooms, &c, appeared to the Board fairly satisfactory, but, upon inquiry from the District Engineer, they see reason to fear that the drainage is not as good as if should be. The main drain has been recently found to be blocked, and, upon taking up parts of it near the exit, it was found that roots of poplar trees growing near by had penetrated the joints and almost completely blocked up the pipe. The Board recommend that the drainage system be looked into thoroughly, and that such repairs or additions as may be necessary should be carried out at once.
  1. The poplar trees standing near the exit of the drain to the north side of Fort Frederick should be removed, as their roots will continue to be a menace to the drain in that locality, and their place supplied by trees, the roots of which are not so penetrating.


Royal Military College of Canada 1899.

Royal Military College of Canada 1899.



  1. A recent analysis of the water supply shows it to be, after filtration, of good quality. The pumping plant and filters appear to do their work well, and the erection of the new water tower on the College grounds provides the necessary pressure and reserve supply for all purposes of fire protection. The sterilizing plant at the hospital is quite adequate for all requirements.
  2. The Board are not satisfied, however, that sufficient precautions have been taken with reference to the present position of the intake pipe. The head of the pipe is now some 300 feet out from the shore at the Power House, and it is doubtful if the depth of the water in which it lies is sufficient to ensure a pure supply at all times. The Board would like the opinion of an expert taken upon this question.
  3. An examination of the filtration process was made and the action reversed to clear the pipe. The Board recommend that, in case of fire and the pumping of unfiltered water directly into the water pipes, immediately afterwards the pipes should be cleared out so as to ensure there being no unspecified water left standing in the pipe.


  1. The main building and dormitory are now much crowded and more classroom and sleeping accommodation are urgently needed. The congestion in the main building has necessitated the corridors of the upper stories being much encroached upon for storage purposes. These corridors should be cleared, and quarters for officers should not be allotted in the main building. As previously reported, the provision of a suitable draughting room is much required.
  2. The Board understand that arrangements are King made for the erection of another story on the dormitory building. This will give much needed additional accommodation, but will scarcely suffice for the increase which may be expected in the near future. The dormitory was found clean and comfortable.
  3. Some addition to the main building, or a separate building to provide additional class-room accommodation, is now urgently needed. The class-rooms barely suffice for the instruction of the cadets, but it is now intended having a Staff College course and two ‘long’ courses for officers of the Militia each year, two of which will be simultaneous. The Board is at a loss to understand how accommodation in the present buildings can be provided for these courses. As stated in the preface to their report, the matter requires serious consideration, if full advantage is to be taken of the instructional facilities now provided at the Royal Military College.
  4. The hospital was visited and found very clean and in a satisfactory condition. There were no patients. The books were inspected and full inquiry made of the Medical Officer with respect to the health and condition of the cadets.


  1. The present gun park or old gun building directly across the parade from the main building should be removed. It is unsightly, seriously interferes with the parade ground, and has passed its usefulness.


  1. The Board visited the workshop, but were informed that no classes were now being held, this course of work being finished annually about the first of May.
  2. A new combustion engine for furnishing the motive power has been installed, and was reported as giving every satisfaction.


  1. The old servants’ buildings along the harbour front on the west side of the College grounds are now being demolished; their rubble masonry, &c., were not removed at the time of the visit of the Board.
  2. The Board are of the opinion that it would well repay the Department to provide a stone crusher for use by the District Engineer in preparing concrete for such new work as may be undertaken within the next few years. The old unsightly wooden buildings scattered throughout the grounds might very well be removed and new ones put up in concrete, as also the sidewalks throughout the grounds. The District Engineer states that this work could be done by day labour with great benefit, advantage and financial saving to the Department, not only for the Royal Military College but also for needed work at Tete-du-Pont and other government properties in Kingston.
  3. The Board recommend that the question of the provision of a stone crusher, &c, be referred to the Engineer Service for expert inquiry and report. Ample quantities of stone are available on government properties for all purposes.
  4. The Library as at present is not satisfactory. It is very cramped for space and has no facilities for keeping maps. A map room and reading room are desired. A catalogue of the volumes should also be printed.
  5. The Commandant asked that a small printing press be provided for use in printing examination papers, exercises, orders, &c. The Board feel that such provision would be conducive to efficiency, and recommend that a small printing press upon the lines desired by the Commandant be provided. It was suggested that the non-commissioned officer who would look after and manage the printing press could also act as librarian. At present one of the professors acts in this capacity but his other duties are more important and should not be interfered with by such labours.
  6. A more generous provision of technical books of reference for consultation by professors and instructors should also be provided.
  7. The kitchens and pantries in both main building and hospital were visited and found in a satisfactory condition. At the time of the Board’s visit the cadets’ kitchen was being scrubbed. The Chairman of the Board suggests that the practice of hot sanding the floor might be tried to advantage. This latter practice has been found to remove the damp odour usually detected in basement kitchens that are cleansed by scrubbing.
  8. The present slate topped kitchen table is in need of renewal or replacement. The Board consider that a new marble topped table should be provided. This was strongly urged by the Medical Officer.


  1. When visiting the class-rooms all the members of the Board were struck by the obsolete or unhealthy character of the desks and stools used by the cadets. These are much inferior to the modern equipment of up-to-date public schools and colleges. The desks are clumsy and inconvenient, the stools in most cases too high and cannot be conducive to comfort or health. A modern style of seat and desk would be more in keeping with the general character of the institution. It was also noticed that the blackboards in many of the class-rooms require renewing and extending.
  2. Upon the general subject of equipment the Professor of Military Engineering reported that he had not enough material for the work under his charge. There were 11” pontoons at the College. These are very much required. The two pontoons which had been received some time ago were in bad condition when they arrived at the College.
  3. The Senior Ordnance Officer has asked for tenders to repair the boats, but up to the present time nothing has been done.
  4. The College equipment has been recently augmented by the provision of materials for a war game. This is carried out with maps of a large scale and is expected to provide much interest and instruction for the cadets during winter seasons.


  1. The chemical laboratory in the top story of the main building much requires enlargement. The space is altogether too restricted. This is an additional reason for the provision of more space generally for class-rooms and the technical apparatus used in connection with the studies of the various subjects. The apparatus and appliances generally are very inferior, not being comparable with ordinary secondary schools throughout Canada.


  1. The grounds appeared clean and well kept, but many of the sidewalks will soon require renewing. These should be laid down in concrete and no more plank-walks should be built. The back road running in rear of the Commandant’s quarters to the stables requires ‘metalling.’
  2. A lodge and lodge-keeper should be provided at the entrance to the grounds. Some annoyance has been caused by cattle straying into the grounds, which would be prevented were a proper lodge-keeper provided. The wooden fences in the vicinity of the house at the entrance to the grounds are in a very dilapidated condition and should be removed or rebuilt.
  3. The grounds surrounding the new buildings erected for servants’ quarters and stables require levelling and grading. The work should be taken in hand at once, as the present condition of this vicinity is not in harmony with the general appearance of the College site as a whole.
  4. The backyards and the clothes lines are unsightly—a new building facing the roadway and covering the opening between the present buildings would add greatly to the appearance and prove a useful addition.
  5. The present electric light and telephone poles throughout the grounds should be removed and wires placed underground.


  1. While the present rifle range has for many years been operated with immunity from accidents, its situation gives ground for some anxiety, and is inconvenient and dangerous inasmuch as the line of fire crosses over the cricket field and the main road leading into the College, precluding any use being made of much of the College area while musketry is being carried out. The Board consider that a safer and more satisfactory site is available. With a butt placed on the shore just northwest of Fort Frederick and firing points to the right of the main road as the College grounds are entered, including the present site of the old servant’s quarters, a range would be provided which would not interfere with any other department of College work. It is recommended that this and other possible alternative sites may be looked into with a view to improving existing conditions.
  2. The Chairman of the Board is of the opinion that an excellent range is available starting from the west shore of Navy bay, north of the main entrance to the inner College grounds. It would be excellent training for the cadets under direction of the District Engineer to construct a foot-bridge of reinforced concrete across Navy bay in a north-easterly direction. At each 100 yards point measured from the targets, there should be an enlarged pier or butt for fully twenty cadets to fire from. The targets should be easterly from the bridge. Thus, instead of firing along over the badge, which should run northeasterly, the line of fire would be easterly. Splendid stop butts could be provided, and there would be absolute safety in the Fort Henry hill in rear. Were this site selected, all the modern improvements in target practice as carried out at Hythe could be utilized, by having targets rise from the water, here, there and everywhere, by merely working wires from a firing point. To have them vise from the land is very expensive. Interesting competitions could also be had, for ‘heads’ could be made to appear from the water in ones, twos, tens or twenties, as desired.
  3. In any event a 30-yard range for use with service ammunition should be constructed. This would be perfectly safe, not interfere with other branches of the work, and be sufficient for musketry instruction of recruits, while the senior classes could occasionally be taken to the Barriefield range for practice at the long ranges.


  1. The Board would again call attention to the dilapidated condition of the piers and retaining wall along Navy bay. The whole of this front is in a most dilapidated and discreditable condition. About 800 feet of concrete wall are required, but, with the abidance of rubble masonry and other material for concrete at hand, it should not be a very expensive work to effect the desired improvement were the stone crusher, recommended in a preceding paragraph, provided, and the work conducted under the supervision of the District Engineer. While in process the work would afford excellent instruction for the cadets, and, when completed, would remove an eye-sore which can be considered in no other light than as a blot upon the whole institution.


  1. The Board would recommend that Ross Rifles Mark 11** be provided for the cadets. The rifles with which they are at present doing musketry were reported as not fully satisfactory.


  1. The recent visit of practically the two senior classes of the cadets to Ottawa during the Horse Show was unfortunately timed, inasmuch as Parliament had prorogued just prior to their arrival and many senators and members of Parliament from distant parts of the Dominion were prevented from witnessing the parade and displays of the cadets, while the cadets had not the privilege of witnessing the closing of Parliament. The visit, however, cannot but be productive of good, and the Board are strongly of the opinion that opportunities should not be neglected of taking representative detachments of the cadets occasionally to the various larger centres in order that the public generally may be enabled to see the results of the excellent training being carried on.


  1. It is recommended that the annual report of the Board of Visitors be printed in pamphlet form, and that a sufficient number of copies be available for distribution to the chief schools and colleges of the Dominion where candidates are prepared for the Royal Military College, as well as to members of Parliament and others desiring them.


  1. The Board desire to record their satisfaction with the non-arrangements made for their visit by the Commandant, whereby the whole establishment was seen at its normal state and with work going on as usual.
  2. The Board were pleased to note the splendid tone and spirit which pervades the College. Between Commandant, Staff and Cadets, and among the cadets themselves of each and every year, the spirit of honour, manhood, pride of person, institution and country, seems to have rendered the sterner*modes of enforcing discipline unnecessary. The Commandant, Colonel Crowe, has already been successful in winning the entire confidence of his staff, as well as of the cadets. In inspiring the entire College with those great positive principles which upbuild, control, and ennoble mankind. Colonel Crowe is holding in abeyance, and gradually eliminating those negative ones, the effects of which are repressive and punitive, rather than developing. In Captain Kaulbach, the Adjutant of the College, the Commandant reports a most capable, courteous, painstaking and energetic officer.


  • SAM. HUGHOES. Colonel Cameraman, Board of Visitors, R.M.C.
  • R.W. RUTHERFORD, Colonel, Master General of the Ordnance.
  • C. E. DODWELL, Resident Engineer, Public Works Dcpt., Halifax, N.S.
  • P. W. G. RINNOCK. Major, Commonwealth Forces of Australia.
  • CHARLES F. WINTER, Major. Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General, Secretary, Board of Visitors.

Ottawa June 2, 1910.






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