Canada’s “Active Militia” Annual Militia Council Report Ending March 31st, 1907.



  • To His Excellency the Right Honourable Sir Albert Henry George, Earl Grey, Viscount Howick, Baron Grey of Howick, in the County of Northumberland, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom and a Baronet; Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George, &c., &c., Governor General of Canada.

May it Please Your Excellency:

The undersigned has the honour to present to Your Excellency the Report of the Militia Council for the three months ending March 31, 1907, with statements of expenditure and revenue during the fiscal period of nine months ending the same date.

  • Respectfully submitted, F. W. BORDEN, Minister of Militia and Defence. Department of Militia and Defence, Ottawa November 26, 1907.



                                                                  CHANGE IN THE PERIOD COVERED BY THE REPORT.

  1. Heretofore the Annual Report of the Militia Council, with the exception of that part which deals with the revenue and expenditure during the fiscal year, has covered the period of the calendar year, and in order that the whole report may in future synchronize with the fiscal year which now ends on March 31, instead of June 30 as formerly, the present report covers only a period of three months, viz:—from January 1 to March 31, 1907. The statements of revenue and expenditure, however, are for the nine months ended March 31, 1907.
  2. Moreover, as it is considered inadvisable to withhold the report on the training during 1907, until the issue of the Annual Report for 1907-08, an interim report, dealing with the recent training, will be issued before the end of the present Session of Parliament.


                                                                                                        MILITARY POLICY.

  1. No changes of importance in military policy, affecting the military forces of the Dominion, were inaugurated during the period under review.
  2. Much attention was, however, given to examining and reporting upon the important military questions, affecting the Dominion as a part of the Empire which it was known were to be laid before the Ministers representing Canada at the forthcoming Imperial Conference.
  3. As regards the working of the .system of Commands, steady progress was made, and results in the Western Ontario and Maritime Provinces Commands were highly satisfactory. Much of this progress was due to the further organization of the Army Pay Corps and the financial decentralization thereby made possible. Of course a great deal still remains to be done.
  4. The organization of Military District No. 13, a new district comprising the Province of Alberta and the District of Mackenzie, which formerly formed part of No. 10 Military District, was authorized.



  1. The work of the Intelligence Division was carried on as usual. A considerable amount of useful information was collected and collated. The Intelligence Diary was compiled and issued monthly.
  2. The Annual Returns of the Naval and Military resources of the Dominion were rendered to the Oolonial Office as usual, for the information of the Committee of Imperial Defence.



  1. Special attention was directed to the subject of musketry’ training at the annual camps. A “Memorandum for Camps of Instruction,” giving in detail a syllabus for the annual training of each arm was drawn up. In it specially detailed instructions for musketry and ‘judging distance’ practice were included.
  2. As far as accommodation permitted, preliminary instruction by means of sub-target guns, gallery ammunition, etc., was carried out at schools of instruction and in drill halls. There is no doubt that more satisfactory results could be obtained along these lines if there existed proper quarters in which to carry out the work of instruction. This is particularly true of rural corps where the provision of inexpensive company armouries would, in a short time, greatly improve the efficiency in musketry and save thousands of rounds of ammunition now expended by men without proper preliminary instruction.
  3. The issue of sub-target guns to civilian rifle associations and to cadet corps, on the necessary security being furnished, was authorized, as was also a free issue of ammunition to members of cadet corps 15 years of age and over.
  4. It was decided to adopt, for marking, in connection with the class-firing of the active militia, the system of target divisions and values used by the Dominion Rifle Association.
  5. Every effort is being made to increase the efficiency in musketry, and the steps already taken in that direction will, it is hoped, produce a beneficial result in the near future.



  1. Instruction in signalling was carried out throughout the period under review, and special courses were held at large centres, which were well attended and showed satisfactory results.


                                                                       ACTIVE MILITIA (OTHER THAN PERMANENT FORCE).

  1. The establishment for the active militia, other than the permanent force, were authorized early in the year.

The following: changes went into effect during the period under review:—

  • One squadron was added to the 17th Duke of York’s Royal Canadian Hussars.
  • A company of the Canadian Army Service Corps (No. 12) was organized at Toronto.



.39. The following- changes in the Headquarters and District Staffs took place during the period under review :—

  • Major H. A. Panet, D.S.O.. R.C.A., appointed Deputy Adjutant-General, from Assistant Adjutant-General.
  • Major W. R. Ward. C.A.P.C., appointed Assistant Paymaster-General.
  • Brevet Colonel T. D. B. Evans. C.B.. A.D.C., appointed District Officer Commanding Military District No. 10.
  • Major A. H. Macdonell, D.S.O.. R.C.R., appointed Deputy-Assistant Adjutant-General, Maritime Provinces Command, vice Major P. E. Thacker, R.C.M.R., undergoing a course at the Royal Staff College, England.
  • Lieut.-Colonel P. Weatherbe. R.C.E., Director of Engineer Services, appointed to command the Royal Canadian Engineers in the Maritime Provinces Command.
  • Major G. S. Maunsell, R.C.E., appointed Temporary Director of Engineer Services in his place.



  1. The following regulations were revised and promulgated:—
  • Pay and allowances regulations.
  • Dress regulations.
  • Regulations for Rifle Associations.
  1. The duties of caretakers of government armouries were defined and published, for the information of all concerned.
  2. The revision of the King’s Regulations and Orders for the Militia of Canada is still in hand, as is also the revision of the Equipment Regulations, and it is hoped that both works will be completed and ready to be sent to the printer about the end of the year.


Gen. Otter and Umpires, Queenston Heights [Ont.]. 21 June 1906.

Gen. Otter and Umpires, Queenston Heights [Ont.]. 21 June 1906.


  1. The first Artillery Staff Course at Quebec was commenced in January, and 8 officers and 13 non-commissioned officers attended.
  2. The result of the Promotion Examination hold in November, 1906 was as follows:—

Eight officers passed for the rank of Major, six for that of Captain, and twelve officers of the Royal Canadian Artillery passed in subject “E” (Artillery).

  1. Fifteen officers were authorized to attend the Long Course at the Royal Military College, which commenced in February last—those of them belonging to the permanent force, in preparation for the Promotion Examination in May.


                                                                                               SCHOOLS OF INSTRUCTION.

  1. In addition to the Royal Schools of Instruction previously existing, a Royal School of Military Engineering was established at Halifax.
  2. The number of certificates issued during the nine months ending March 31, 1907, to officers and non-commissioned officers, was as follows:—
Canada's Active Militia Report ending Mar. 31st 1907.

Canada’s Active Militia Report ending Mar. 31st 1907.




  1. During the period under review the armament of the troops remained the same as reported on at the end of 1906. It is, however, earnestly hoped that no obstacle may arise to prevent the carrying to completion the armament required for the Militia. This armament and equipment cannot be improvised and its supply at best is only gradual.



  1. Construction in England by Messrs. Vickers, Sons & Maxim of guns and their carriage to complete the armament of the force and to effect the change from 12-pr. To 18-pr. Q.F. guns for the Field Artillery, was continued, if somewhat slowly.
  2. The Inspector of Warlike Stores for Canada, under whom all inspections are made at Woolwich Arsenal, reports the results as very satisfactory. The same remarks apply to the gun ammunition under order from the same firm.
  3. The time already taken to partially supply these various equipments illustrates the necessity of early preparation for they could not in way be obtained quickly on emergency, nor improvised.


                                                               CONSTRUCTION OF GUN LIMBERS AND WAGONS. ETC.

  1. The supply of limber wagons and other vehicles for the new artillery equipment, which work the Ottawa Car Company have in hand, progressed somewhat more slowly than was anticipated and the work as yet is only in its initial stages. The specifications governing the construction are those laid down for Woolwich Arsenal.


                                                                                                             SMALL ARMS.

  1. No purchase of rifles was made abroad. The manufacture, however, of the Ross rifle in Canada was well maintained in point of number.
  2. This rifle having been issued to the permanent force in the summer of 1900. an insight into its performance and suitability was fairly established. A number of defects and shortcomings developed, all of which have been the subject of much thought and earnest endeavour to rectify. It is not considered that any troubles abnormal to the introduction of a new arm and in the working of a new factory are involved.
  3. Owing to the manufacture of a military rifle in the country the formation of a standing Small Arms Committee, under whose supervision experiments could be carried out and results reported, is in contemplation.


                                                                                                     DOMINION ARSENAL.

  1. The output of small arm ammunition was continued quite up to the quantity estimated for, and its quality was fully up to the highest standard. The cost of manufacture was not greater than in England.



                                                                                                                APPENDIX A.

Ottawa, October 23, 1907.

  • From the Director-General, Medical Services, Ottawa,
  • To the Adjutant-Greneral, Canadian Militia.

Sir,—I have the honour to report on the Medical Services from December 31, 1906, to March 31, 1907.

  1. I assumed duty as Director-General a few days before the close of the year 1906, and found a considerable portion of the work already admirably mapped out by my predecessor.



                                                                                                       MILITARY HYGIENE.

  1. The development of military hygiene in all armies during the past few years has been most marked, and it is now recognized that in order to carry out to its fullest extent the practice of army sanitation, it is necessary to have all branches of the service trained to some extent in its principles. With this in view, classes of instruction in military hygiene were held at the various depots, and all officers of the permanent force were obliged to attend. These lectures were as follows:—
  2. General idea of sanitation.
  3. Infectious diseases and disinfection.
  4. Camps, camp sites and barracks.
  5. Water supply, purification of water.
  6. Disposal of excreta and refuse.
  7. Food, clothing and personal hygiene.
  8. This course will be somewhat more elaborate next year, for hygiene is now one of the subjects in which officers must qualify before promotion to rank of captain,
  9. It is intended to issue a copy of the new ‘ “Nanual of Military Hygiene.” to all officers of the permanent force, and also a copy of the ‘Health Memoranda for Soldiers ‘ to all non-commissioned officers and men.
  10. Instructions were sent to all permanent medical officers, advising that hygiene was to be the feature of this year’s camp, outliniui;- tlio motlinds to be adopted and pointing out the importance of its development.


                                                                                          REGIMENTAL MEDICAL SERVICES.

  1. The recommendation outlined in last year’s report was carried out, and surgical haversacks, water-bottles and stretchers were issued to all infantry units.
  2. In order to organize the brigades from a medical point of view, senior medical officers were appointed to each cavalry and infantry brigade. These officers to be responsible for all medical duties in their brigades, and to be in charge of the brigade medical equipment.


  • I have the honour to be sir, Your obedient servant, G.C. JONES, Lieut.-Col. Director-General, Medical Services.


SVP: Found in the 1909 reports for 1907.


Canada's Returns Active Militia Officers and Men that Trained During 1907.

Canada’s Returns Active Militia Officers and Men that Trained During 1907.









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