Canada’s “Cadet Corps” Militia Council Report, March 31st, 1912.


  1. Cadet Corps have continued to increase in number in all the provinces during the year under review.
  2. On the 31st March, 1912, there were 506 gazetted Cadet Companies and Squadrons, organized into 266 Corps, with a total membership of 20,240 Cadets.
  3. During the year there have been 128 new companies formed and 31 dormant companies disbanded.
  4. The following table shows the distribution of Cadet Corps in the various Provinces, Military Divisional Areas and Districts:—


Canada’s Cadet Services Corps Militia Council Report, Year Ending March 31st, 1912.

Canada’s Cadet Services Corps Militia Council Report, Year Ending March 31st, 1912.


  1. The above figures include only those officially gazetted Cadet Corps which are active. Those Cadet Corps which were dormant have been either re-organized during the year, or, where this was not found possible, disbanded.
  2. From January, 1912, an ever increasing number of Cadet Corps is being formed throughout the Dominion, chiefly on accurate of the special inducement offered to the boys in the shape of the approaching Cadet Corps’ Camp this summer.



  1. Officers have been appointed Organizers and Inspectors of Cadet Corps for each Divisional Area and District (except in the 3rd Divisional Area, for which one is to be appointed shortly), whose duties are to superintend and organize the Cadet Corps in their Divisional Areas and Districts, in addition to Physical Training in the Public Schools, for which each of these officers holds special qualifications.
  2. These officers will take up the work of their appointments in the latter part of April of this year, and it is confidently expected that their appointment will act as a stimulant to all Cadet Corps and Physical Training matters throughout the Dominion, and that, as a result of their work, there will be, at the end of the year 1912-13, a considerable increase in numbers and efficiency.



  1. Courses of military instruction for the qualification of male school teachers as Cadet Instructors were held during the summer vacation throughout the Dominion at military centres, at which a total of 238 teachers obtained qualifying certificates.
  2. Applications have been received from 950 male school teachers to attend the course this summer.


Canada's Sém. de Québec, Compagnie 22 1 des cadets, 1912.

Canada’s Sém. de Québec, Compagnie 22 1 des cadets, 1912.



  1. On the 31st March, 1912, there were 94 officers in the Corps of School Cadet Instructors.
  2. The establishment of this Corps has been increased and the number of school teachers qualifying and applying for commissions is also greatly increasing.



  1. The “Regulations for Cadet Corps” have been re-written, in which numerous amendments have been included. A course of training for mounted and dismounted Cadets has been laid down, which is of a more practical and more interesting nature for boys than formerly; chapters on Training, Discipline, Organization, Inspection, Stores and Procedure, and Cadet Instructors, with, numerous appendices, have been included.



  1. The reports of the Inspecting Officers on the Cadet Corps for the past year have been satisfactory and show that a certain degree of efficiency has been attained. These inspections were made on the work done by Cadet Corps during the Cadet Corps’ Year, which commenced 1st July, 1910, and continued to 31st June, 1911.



  1. The Governor-General’s Challenge Shield was won last year by the Municipality of Joliette, P.Q., with a percentage of 3.41. The Cadet Corps to hold the shield is No. 74, 1st Cadet Battalion, 83rd Regiment, which is the only Cadet Corps in the town of Joliette, P.Q.
  2. The Canadian Cadet Team of representative Cadets from the Dominion attending the Empire Day matches at Bisley, England, in competition with Cadet Teams from the United Kingdom and the Oversea Dominions, did very creditably, both as a team and in individual matches.
  3. The grants from the Strathcona Trust fund have had a beneficial influence in some of the provinces in encouraging rifle competitions amongst Cadets and in assisting to defray the expenses of Cadets proceeding to and from the Government Ranges.


Group of Canadian Ex-High School Boys Cadets 1914.

Group of Canadian Ex-High School Boys Cadets 1914.



  1. The amount voted for Cadets was $50,000, but only $35,946.68 was expended, due mainly to the fact that when the money was wanted most, viz. in June and July, only a part of it was available. School teachers take the opportunity to qualify as Cadet Instructors at the Military Schools during the summer holidays, and the number allowed to attend in 1911 was limited owing to the uncertainty about funds at that period.
  2. Besides this, the amount expended on instruction of Cadets was less than estimated.
  3. This expenditure is made in the form of an Allowance to School Teachers who have qualified as Instructors, at rate of $1.00 for each Cadet instructed, up to 50 Cadets; 75 cents from 50 to 100 Cadets, and 50 cents each Cadet over 100.
  4. Particulars of the work done in connection with Cadet Corps and the number of School teachers who qualified as Instructors during the year, will be found elsewhere in this Report.
  • E. F. JAEVIS, Secretary, The Militia Council.


Canada’s Brigadier-General E.A. Cruikshank reviewing a group of cadets, possibly Boy Scouts, 1915, Calgary, Alta.

Canada’s Brigadier-General E.A. Cruikshank reviewing a group of cadets, possibly Boy Scouts, 1915, Calgary, Alta.




  • From, — The Inspector-General, Canadian Militia.
  • To- The Secretary, Militia Council.
  • Ottawa, November 30, 1912.

Sir,—I have the honour to submit for the information of the Hon. the Minister in Militia Council, my report for 1912, upon the training and efficiency, suitability and sufficiency of equipment, and the readiness and fitness of the Military Forces of Canada for war, together with the condition of the fortifications and defences of the country.



  1. I cannot report that the prosecution of military instruction in our universities has made any material advance during the year.
  2. Schemes have been drawn up and discussed with a view to the organization of “Officers’ Training Corps,” a most desirable and necessary addition to our military system of education, but no definite results have yet accrued, although it may be claimed that both at McGill and Toronto Universities, the question has been seriously thought of, yet for various reasons very little real progress made.
  3. It does seem a pity that the services of such a valuable asset to the betterment of our militia force, as the students of universities trained in military acquirements would prove, cannot be brought within reach.
  4. That the right spirit exists among them has already been proved through their presence in two of our Engineer units, drawn from “Queen’s” and “Toronto.”



  1. The training of Cadet Corps during the year has received a decided impetus through the appointment of special officers in each Division and District, charged with the supervision and development of this organization.
  2. The “qualification of a large number of teachers as cadet instructors is a further satisfactory evidence of extension in the movement, and commendation is due them for the capability and enthusiasm displayed.
  3. Increasing interest in musketry is visible, and the high standard of shooting achieved by cadets at the recent meetings of the Dominion and Provincial Rifle Matches, is the strongest possible evidence of what encouragement in this direction can produce.
  4. Facilities for participation in field days with local militia, and instruction in signalling will both be found of material advantage in stimulating the acquisition of military knowledge by our youth.
  5. The prosecution of the necessary drill during school hours, in place of afterwards would tend to increase attendance at these exercises.
  6. The administration of discipline by captains of cadet companies, who are constantly changing, is not as a rule what it should be, and the immediate control of units by cadet instructors offers a better solution.
  7. The wearing of the same badges by officers of cadets corps as by those of the militia, causes difficulty in recognition, and the substitution of bars on the collar appears a more suitable distinction.
  • I have the honour to be, Sir, Your obedient servant,
  • W. D. OTTER, Major-General, Inspector-General.







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